Bluthochzeit (Blood Wedding) is an opera (lyrische Tragödie) in two acts by Wolfgang Fortner. The libretto, also by Fortner, is based on Enrique Beck's German translation of García Lorca's 1933 play Bodas de sangre. It premiered at the Cologne Opera on 8 June 1957.
|Opera by Wolfgang Fortner|
Cologne Opera House photographed shortly before the premiere of Bluthochzeit
|Based on||García Lorca's Bodas de sangre, translated by Enrique Beck|
8 June 1957
Fortner was asked by Karl-Heinz Stroux to write incidental music for a performance of Lorca's play Bodas de sangre in Hamburg in the early 1950s. The composer was impressed by the drama and felt that acting was not enough to "sing the tragedy to an end" ("die Tragödie zu Ende zu singen"), and decided to set longer sections to music.
Fortner wrote the opera's libretto himself based on Enrique Beck's German translation of the play. Bluthochzeit, a "literary opera" like Alban Berg's Wozzeck and Lulu, is driven by the action, as the composer comments: "The compulsion of the words drives the music." He scored the work for singing and speaking parts, following the text which is at times in prose, at times in poetry. Fortner used dodecaphony but included traditional Spanish instruments, such as mandolins, castanets, tambourine and guitars. Giselher Klebe noted in an introduction to the performance in Düsseldorf that Fortner, who was exposed to twelve-tone technique rather late in life, used the restriction of its rules to heighten expressiveness.
In 1962 Fortner revised the scores of both Bluthochzeit and his 1954 dramatic scene Der Wald (The Forest) and used both of them in the score for a new opera, In seinem Garten liebt Don Perlimplín Belisa with a libretto based on another play by Garcia Lorca (Amor de Don Perlimplín con Belisa en su jardín). This new opera premiered on 10 May 1962 at the Cologne Opera.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast|
Conductor: Günter Wand
|The Mother||dramatic soprano||Nathalie Hinsch-Gröndahl|
|The Bridegroom||speaking voice||Wilhelm Otto|
|The Bride||soprano||Anny Schlemm|
|Her Father||speaking voice||Alexander Schoedler|
|His Wife||contralto||Emmy Lisken|
|Her Mother||contralto||Irmgard Gerz|
|The Maid||mezzo-soprano||Hildegunt Walther|
|The Child||soprano||Anita Westhoff|
|Death (a female beggar)||chanteuse||Helga Jenkel|
|The Moon||tenor||Gerhard Nathge|
|Three woodcutters||speaking voice|
|Girls, young men, guests, neighbour women||chorus|
Bluthochzeit premiered at the Cologne Opera on 8 June 1957 in a production directed by Eric Bormann and conducted by Günter Wand. It was the first world premiere to be staged in the rebuilt opera house.
The performance by Stuttgart Opera in 1964 was filmed live and released on DVD in 2005. The opera was chosen to open the Opernhaus Düsseldorf with a performance on 12 October 1986 by the Deutsche Oper am Rhein, conducted by Hans Wallat and staged by Kurt Horres. Bluthochzeit was revived in January 2013 with a new production at the Wuppertal Opera, directed by Christian von Götz and conducted by Hilary Griffiths. A performance of this production was filmed and released on DVD in 2014.
- Bluthochzeit – Gürzenich-Orchester and chorus of Cologne Opera, conducted by Günter Wand (recorded 1 and 6 July 1957 by Westdeutscher Rundfunk, released 2007 as Volume 12 of The Günter Wand Edition). Label: Profil PH05044.
- Bluthochzeit – Orchestra and chorus of Stuttgart State Opera, conducted by Ferdinand Leitner (recorded and filmed live in 1964, released on DVD 2005). Label: Immortal 950017.
- Bluthochzeit – Orchestra and chorus of Wuppertal Opera, directed by Christian von Götz and conducted by Hilary Griffiths (recorded and filmed in 2013, released on DVD 2014). Label: Wergo MV 8075.
- Klebe, Giselher Klebe (1986). "Wolfgang Fortners »Bluthochzeit«" (PDF) (in German). Deutsche Oper am Rhein (republished by Schott Music). Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Work of the Week - Wolfgang Fortner: Bluthochzeit" (in German). Schott Music. 2013. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Wolfgang Fortner". Almanacco Amadeus. Retrieved 28 June 2013 (in Italian).
- Ewen, David (1969). Composers since 1900: A Biographical and Critical Guide. Klassik Heute. pp. 206–207. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Gelli, Piero and Poletti, Filippo (eds.) (2007). "Bluthochzeit", Dizionario dell'opera, pp. 159-160. Dalai Editore (in Italian)
- Keim, Stefan (17 January 2013). "Tödliches Gemetzel vor Hochhäusern" (review of the January 2013 revival at Opera Wuppertal). Die Welt (in German)
- "Bluthochzeit (DVD)" (in German). Schott Music / Wergo. 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
- York University Library. Holdings record 3084101: Bluthochzeit. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- Pluta, Ekkehard (28 November 2007). "Fortner Wolfgang: Bluthochzeit (Lyrische Tragödie in zwei Akten (sieben Bildern))". Klassik Heute. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Steiger, Karsten (2008). Opern-Diskographie, p. 633. Walter de Gruyter