Blue Nile (state)

Blue Nile (Arabic: النيل الأزرق an-Nīl al-ʾAzraq) is one of the eighteen states of the Republic of Sudan. It was established by presidential decree nº 3 in 1992 and is named after the Blue Nile River.

Blue Nile

النيل الأزرق

An-Nīl al-Azraq
Location in Sudan.
Coordinates: 11°16′N 34°4′E
Country Sudan
RegionFazogli Province
  GovernorHussein Yassin Hamad
  Total45,844 km2 (17,700 sq mi)
 (2006 Census - provisional)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
HDI (2017)0.416[1]

The region is host to around forty different ethnic groups. Its economic activity is based on agriculture and livestock and increasing mineral exploitation.

In 2011, residents of Blue Nile were scheduled to hold ill-defined "popular consultations" to determine the constitutional future of the state, per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Instead, a dispute over the rightful government of the state, and the determination of Omar al-Bashir to eradicate the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North, have led to a renewed insurgency and a refugee crisis.[2][3] It appears that the consultations have been postponed indefinitely.[4]


The State is sub-divided into six districts (with 2006 Census populations shown hereafter):


Blue Nile state has an area of 45,844 km² and an estimated population of 1,193,293. The Central Bureau of Statistics quoted the population at 832,112 in the 2006 census. Ad-Damazin is the capital of the state. The state of Blue Nile is home to the Roseires Dam, the main source of hydroelectric power in Sudan until the completion of the Merowe Dam in 2010.


The following languages are spoken in Blue Nile state according to Ethnologue.[5]


  1. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. Boswell, Alan (2 September 2011). "Sudan's Conflict Spreads: Is This the Start of a New Civil War?". Time World. Time.
  3. Maasho, Aaron (14 October 2011). "Sudan's Blue Nile conflict forces painful return to Ethiopia". Reuters Africa. Reuters.
  4. Kleto, Peter Oyoyo. "Popular consultations must go ahead". Comment and Analysis. Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  5. Languages of Sudan. Ethnologue, 22nd edition.

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