Blegdamsvej

Blegdamsvej is a street in Copenhagen, Denmark, connecting Sankt Hans Torv in Nørrebro to Trianglen in Østerbro. The busy artery Fredensgade separates the Nørrebro and Østerbro sections of the street from each other. The north side of the street is dominated by the Panum Building and Rigshospitalet, located on either side of Tagensvej.

Blegdamsvej
Blegdamsvej
Length1,340 m (4,400 ft)
LocationCopenhagen, Denmark
QuarterØsterbro
Postal code2100, 2400
Nearest metro stationTrianglen Station
Coordinates55°41′48″N 12°34′18″E

History

Blegdamsvej takes its name after the 24 ponds on the west side of Sortedam and Peblinge Lake, which was used for textile bleaching. They were established in about 1772 and had numbers from south to north, beginning at present day Sankt Hans Torv.[1] On the other side of the ponds was Blegedam Common, the oldest of Copenhagen's commons, where the bleachers left the cloth to bleach in the sun. lined with trees on both sides, mainly horse chestnut, willow and lime trees.

From the middle of the 19th century, the narrow lots came into other use, first for construction of smaller industrial enterprises and later apartment buildings, although the last bleacher did not disappear until 1867.[2]

Jørgen Ernst Meyer established one of the first factories at the street in 1842. Another early industrial enterprise was L. C. Warburg's stockings factory.[3] O.F. Asp established a candle factory at the street in 1880.[4]

Notable buildings and residents

Sankt Hans Torv to Fredensgade

Completed in 1861, St. John's Church (No. 1) was the first church to be built in the new districts which developed after Copenhagen's Bastioned Fortifications were decommissioned.[5] The {{Gothic Revival architecture|Neo-Gothic]] church was designed by Theodor Sørensen and remains the largest church building in the Nørrebro district.

The Panum Institute (No 3) is part of University of Copenhagen's North Campus. The Panum Building was constructed in the 1970s. The Mærck Tower was added in 2018.

Blegdamsvej Prison (No. 6) is the oldest prison still in use in Denmark. It was designed by Michael Gottlieb Bindesbøll and inaugurated in 1848 but has later been expanded and modernized several times.

Fredensgade to Trianglen

Rigshospitalet (No. 9) dominates the north side of the Østerbro section of the street. The current hospital is from 1960-1978 and was designed by Kaj Boeck-Hansen and Jørgen Stærmose. An extension designed by 3XN went under construction in 2017.

The Niels Bohr Institute (No. 15-17) from 1922 has housed the work of several Nobel Prize-winners. No. 23, roughly from the same time, is the Freemasons' Hall. The Danish branch of the Red Cross has its head office at No. 2527. The building was built in 1952 and is the former headquarters of Copenhagen County. It has more cecently been expanded by COBE Architects.

No. 60 is a former machine factory, Nielsen & Winther. The building is from 1899 and was designed by Axel Berg. Its neighbor (No. 62), slightly older and designed by Ludvig Fenger, was originally a public school but later taken over by Nielsen & Winther.

Håndværkerstiftelsen )No. 74) was built to provide affordable housing for old, indigent craftsmen and their widows. The National Romantic building is from 1901-1902 and was designed by Emil Jørgensen.

No. 104 is a former candle manufactury, Asp-Holmblad, which was in use until the 1940s but has now been converted into apartments. No. 124 was designed by Frederik Lauritz Levy for the company Siemens-Schuckert.[6]

No. 132 (Trianglen) is a former tram remise built by De kjøbenhavnske Sporvejes in 1900-02 to design by Vilhelm Friederichsen. It was converted into an after school activity centre in the 1980s.

Public art

At Rigshospitalet, on the corner of Blegdamsvej with Fredensgade, is Rudolph Tegner's large group sculpture Towards the Light. It was installed in 1909 as a memorial to the physician and scientist Niels Ryberg Finsen who won the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1903.[7]

In the small garden in front of the Niels Bohr Institute stands a 7-8 metre tall granite sculpture by the Swedish sculptor Claes Hake. It was unveiled in 1999.

Transport

Triangelen Station at the eastern end of the street will open when the City Circle Line is inaugurated in September 2019.

Movia bus 3A runs through the full length of the street on its way between Nordhavn station in the northeast and Valbyparken in the southwest.

A BRT line between Nørreport station in the city centre and Ryparken station on Ringbanen crosses the street at Fredensgade. It is served by up to 47 busses per hour per direction transporting approx. 30,000 passengers per day.[8] One of the stations of the under construction City Circle Line will be located on the corner of Nørre Allé and Jagtvej at Vibenhus Eunddel.

See also

References

  1. "Blegdamsvej" (in Danish). Selskabet for Københavns Historie. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  2. "Blegdamme på Blegdamsvej" (in Danish). Østerbro Avis. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  3. "FH. L. C. WARBURG & SØN´s EFTERFØLGENDE VED M. JOHANSEN". coneliand.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  4. "J.C.A. Bock" (in Danish). Dansk Biografisk Leksikon. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  5. "Sankt Johannes Kirke". Sankt Johannes Kirke. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
  6. "Klub 37 - Siemens 100 år" (PDF) (in Danish). Klub 37. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  7. "Towards the Light". Copenhagen Municipality. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
  8. "New BRT line on Northern Campus In Copenhagen". EMTA. Retrieved 28 January 2015.

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