Black Front

The Combat League of Revolutionary National Socialists (German: Kampfgemeinschaft Revolutionärer Nationalsozialisten, KGRNS), more commonly known as the Black Front (German: Schwarze Front), was a political group formed by Otto Strasser after his expulsion from the NSDAP in 1930.[1]

Combat League of Revolutionary National Socialists

Kampfgemeinschaft Revolutionärer Nationalsozialisten
Co-leadersGregor Strasser
Otto Strasser
Founded4 July 1930 (1930-07-04)
Dissolved3 July 1934 (1934-07-03)
Split fromNational Socialist German Workers Party
Succeeded byGerman Social Union
(not legal successor)
NewspaperThe German Revolution
Political positionFar-right
International affiliationNone
Colours     Black,      red
Party flag

Strasser believed the original anti-capitalist nature of the NSDAP had been betrayed by Adolf Hitler. The Black Front was composed of former radical members of the NSDAP, who intended to cause a split in the main party. Strasser's organisation published a newspaper, The German Revolution.[1] The Black Front adopted the crossed hammer and sword symbol which is still used by several Strasserite groupings today.

The organisation was unable to oppose the NSDAP effectively and Hitler’s rise to power proved to be the final straw. Strasser spent the years of the Third Reich in exile, first in Czechoslovakia and later in Canada. The socialist wing of the NSDAP itself was eradicated in 1934 during the Night of the Long Knives in which Gregor Strasser, Otto's elder brother, was killed.

See also


  1. Wistrich, Robert S. (4 July 2013). Who's Who in Nazi Germany. Routledge. p. 248. ISBN 9781136413810.
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