Bishop of Bristol
Bishop of Bristol
|Residence||bishop's house, Winterbourne|
|Established||1542 (and 1897)|
The present diocese covers parts of the counties of Somerset and Gloucestershire together with a small area of Wiltshire. The see is in the City of Bristol where the seat is located at Bristol Cathedral. The bishop's residence is a house in Winterbourne, Gloucestershire, north of Bristol.
The bishop is Viv Faull (previously Dean of York), since the confirmation of her election on 25 June 2018. She was consecrated at St. Paul's Cathedral on 3 July 2018 and enthroned in her Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Bristol on 20 October 2018.
In 1133, Robert Fitzharding began to build "the abbeye at Bristowe, that of Saint Austin is" (i.e. an Augustinian monastery). The abbey church, destined to serve hereafter as a cathedral, was of different dates: the old Norman nave built by Fitzharding seems to have stood till the suppression, but the chancel, which still exists, was early 14th century and the transepts late 15th. The building was worthy to serve as a cathedral. Yet at first Bristol does not seem to have been thought of as a bishopric, for it is not included in the list of projected sees now among the Cottonian MSS in the British Museum.
A suffragan See of Bristol was erected by the Suffragan Bishops Act 1534 and filled by Henry Holbeach, who assisted Hugh Latimer and John Bell, Bishops of Worcester in the Diocese of Worcester while Bristol was still within that diocese. Holbeach was to be the only bishop suffragan before the diocesan See was erected.
The abbey church of the Augustinian Canons was plundered at the time of the suppression of the house in 1539, during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The church itself was already in process of demolition, when the king's order came to block the devastation. The surviving church's dedication was changed from St Augustine to the Holy Trinity.
It was then decided to establish a diocese of Bristol. This was one of the six that Henry VIII, acting as head of the Church, established by Act of Parliament in 1542 out of the spoils of the suppressed monasteries. The others were Oxford, Westminster, Gloucester, Peterborough, and Chester. Of the six, only Westminster was short-lived (lasting 10 years) – the other five exist today.
It may well be that the fact of the city's then being one of the leading towns in England and the chief seaport explains why it was selected as one of the new sees. Moreover, like the others, it possessed an important religious house, the buildings of which might serve the new purposes. It has also been suggested that the choice of Bristol owed something at least to Thomas Cranmer, who visited Bristol shortly before his election as Archbishop of Canterbury, and busied himself in ecclesiastical affairs there.
The first bishop appointed by the King was Paul Bush, formerly master of the Bonshommes at Edyngton in Wiltshire, an Augustinian Canon known as both a scholar and a poet. He nevertheless went along with the new ways to the point of marrying, his chosen wife being one Edith Ashley. On this account proceedings were undertaken against him in Queen Mary's reign. In 1554 a commission passed on him a sentence of deprivation, though by this time he had already voluntarily resigned.
During the vacancy Pope Paul IV empowered Cardinal Pole to re-found the See of Bristol. The next bishop was John Holyman, a former Benedictine monk with a reputation for learning and sanctity who had been a friend of the martyred Abbot of Reading, Hugh Cook Faringdon. As Bishop of Bristol, Holyman was well appreciated. Though he took part in the trial of John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, and served also on a commission to try Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer, in general he took no active part in the proceedings on the score of heresy. He died in the summer or autumn of 1558 and was buried in Hanborough, Oxfordshire, the living of which he held from 1534 to 1558—even after his consecration. He was thus spared the upheaval that began with the accession of Elizabeth I the following November.
No bishop was appointed in Bristol for several years and then Holyman in 1562 was succeeded by Richard Cheyney (1562–1579), who, though suspect under the new regime on account of his clear Roman leanings (as a young man he was a friend of Edmund Campion), could not be counted a Roman Catholic.
The diocese was formed by taking the county and archdeaconry of Dorset from Salisbury, and several parishes from the Dioceses of Gloucester and Worcester, with three churches in Bristol, which had belonged to Bath and Wells.
The modern bishopric
In 1836 the see was united with that of Gloucester, whilst the Dorset territory was re-united with the diocese of Salisbury. In 1897, Bristol was again separated from Gloucester. The new diocese consisted of the southern part of Gloucestershire and the northern part of Wiltshire, including the town of Swindon. The diocese consists of the strip of territory either side of the Great Western Railway uniting Swindon and Bristol. The first bishop appointed was George Forrest Browne, Bishop of Bristol from 1897 to 1914.
List of bishops
|Bishops of Bristol|
|1542||1554||Provincial of the Bonshommes; being married, resigned upon the accession of Queen Mary.|
|1554||December 1558||Monk of Reading; died in office.|
|1558||1562||Vacant for 3 years.|
|1562||1579||Previously Canon at Westminster; with dispensation simultaneously held the separate diocesan see of Gloucester; died in office.|
|1579||1581||Vacant for 2 years.|
|1581||1589||Previously Canon of Worcester and Prebendary of Lincoln; with dispensation simultaneously held the separate diocesan see of Gloucester and prebendary of Hereford; died in office.|
|1589||1593||Previously Dean of Peterborough; translated to Worcester then London.|
|1593||1603||Vacant for 10 years.|
|1603||1617||Translated from Limerick; translated to Worcester.|
|1617||1619||Also Prebendary of St Paul's; translated to Ely.|
|1619||1622||Died in office.|
|1623||1632||Translated to Lichfield & Coventry.|
|1633||1636||Previously Canon at St Paul's; translated to Hereford.|
|1637||1641||Translated to Oxford then Worcester.|
|1642||1644||Also Archdeacon of St Albans since 1631; died in office.|
|1644||1646||Deprived for the Commonwealth.|
|1646||1660||Vacant for 16 years – Interregnum.|
|1661||1671||Previously Prebendary of York; died in office.|
|1672||1679||Previously Dean of Carlisle; translated to Chichester.|
|1679||1684||Prebendary of Chichester, 1666–1681; died in office.|
|1684||1685||Translated from Sodor & Man; translated to Chichester.|
|1685||1689||Translated to Exeter and then Winchester.|
|1689||1691||Previously Vice-Chancellor at Oxford University; translated to Hereford.|
|1691||1710||Also Master of Pembroke College, Oxford since 1664 and Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity at Oxford since 1676; died in office.|
|1710||1714||Also Dean of Windsor, 1709–1713 and Lord Privy Seal, 1711–1713; translated to London.|
|1714||1719||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1713; died in office.|
|1719||1724||Previously Archdeacon of Surrey; also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; translated to Armagh.|
|1724||1732||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; died in office.|
|1733||1734||Translated to Bangor.|
|1735||1737||Previously Canon at Durham; translated to Oxford then Canterbury.|
|1737||1738||Previously Archdeacon of Essex; translated to Norwich then Ely.|
|1738||1750||Previously Prebendary of Rochester; translated to Durham.|
|1750||1755||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1733; died in office.|
|1756||1758||Translated to Oxford then Salisbury.|
|1758||1761||Also Prebendary at St Paul's since 1754; translated to Norwich.|
|1761||1782||Previously Prebendary of Westminster; also Canon of St Paul's; also Dean of St Paul's from 1768; died in office.|
|1782||1783||Also Dean of Christ Church, Oxford since 1777; translated to Norwich then St Asaph.|
|1783||1792||Died in office.|
|1792||1794||Translated to Peterborough.|
|1794||1797||Previously Prebendary at Rochester; translated to Exeter.|
|1797||1802||Previously Dean of Canterbury; translated to Hereford then Worcester.|
|1802||1807||Translated to Exeter then Lincoln.|
|1807||1808||Dean of Gloucester since 1800; translated to Hereford then St Asaph.|
|1808||1820||Also Master of Trinity College, Cambridge since 1798; died in office.|
|1820||1827||Also Master of Christ's College, Cambridge, 1814–1830; translated to Lincoln.|
|1827||1834||Died in office.|
|1834||1836||Previously Prebendary at Westminster; translated to Ely.|
|Bishops of Gloucester and Bristol|
Merged as a single see and diocese, 1836–1897
|1836||1856||Translated from Gloucester; died in office.|
|1856||1861||Translated to Durham.|
|1861||1863||Previously Dean of Queen's College, Oxford; translated to York.|
|1863||1897||Previously Dean of Exeter; translated to Gloucester.|
|Bishops of Bristol|
|1897||1914||Translated from Stepney.|
|1914||1933||Translated from Jarrow.|
|1933||1946||Translated to Gloucester.|
|1946||1958||Previously Canon at St Paul's.|
|1958||1975||Previously Canon at Lincoln.|
|1975||1985||Previously Professor of Theology at Leeds; consecrated in 1975, but elected and confirmed in 1975.|
|1985||2002||Translated from Wolverhampton; Ordained the first women priests in the Church of England, 14 March 1994.|
|2003||2017||Translated from Buckingham; retired 30 September 2017.|
|2018||incumbent||Previously Dean of York; confirmed 25 June 2018; consecrated at St. Paul's Cathedral, 3 July 2018; enthroned in her Cathedral Church 20 October 2018|
- "Very Revd Vivienne Faull announced as the next Bishop of Bristol". Diocese of Bristol. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- York Minster — Acting Dean of York (Accessed 29 June 2018)
- "Consecration of Vivienne Faull as Bishop of Bristol". Diocese of Bristol. 12 July 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- "Service of Welcome and Enthronement for Bishop of Bristol". Diocese of Bristol. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
- "St Augustine's Abbey". University of the West of England. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- Page, William (ed.). "Houses of Augustinian canons: The abbey of St Augustine, Bristol". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- The Rev George Forrest Browne at showcaves.com
- "Searching for Surname=WILSON; Forename=Christopher". Cambridge University Alumni Database. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Diocese of Bristol — Bishop of Bristol announces retirement (Accessed 25 January 2017)
- Haydn, Joseph; Ockerby, Horace (1969) . Haydn's Book of Dignities (reprint ed.). Bath: Firecrest Publishing.
- Whitaker's Almanack (editions 1883 to 2004), Joseph Whitaker & Sons, Ltd/A&C Black, London.
- Text partly adapted from the Catholic Encyclopaedia of 1908.