Bilabial ejective

The bilabial ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Bilabial ejective
IPA Number101 + 401
Entity (decimal)pʼ
Unicode (hex)U+0070U+02BC
Audio sample
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Features of the bilabial ejective:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.


In addition to the languages listed below, this sound is also a common phonological feature of the Ethiopian Linguistic Area, especially Ethiopian Semitic languages.

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Adyghe пӏакӏэ [pʼaːt͡ʃʼa]  'thin'
Amharic ጴጥሮስ [pʼetʼros] 'Peter'
Armenian Yerevan dialect[1] պոչ [pʼotʃʰ] 'tail' Corresponds to tenuis [p⁼] in other Eastern dialects
Chechen пӏелг [pʼelɡ] 'finger'
Ganza[2]:95 [pʼá̰bḭ́] ‘gathering’
Georgian აემანი [pʼaɛmani] 'meeting, date'
Hadza bbu [ɦuːpʼu] 'to lift something heavy' (mimetic)
Haida ttappad [tʼapʼat] 'to break' (mimetic)
Kabardian цӏапӏэ [t͡sʼaːpʼa]  'mean'
Nez Perce p’íłin [ˈpʼiɬin] 'hole'
Ossetian Iron пъовыр [ˈpʼovɪ̈r] 'cook'
Quechua p’acha [pʼat͡ʃa] 'clothes'
Ubykh [saakʲʼawəpʼtsʼaj] 'what is your name?' See Ubykh phonology

See also


  1. Dum-Tragut (2009:17–18)
  2. Smolders, Joshua (2016). "A Phonology of Ganza" (pdf). Linguistic Discovery. 14 (1): 86–144. doi:10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.470. Retrieved 2017-01-16.


  • Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company
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