Biff Elliot (born Leon Shalek, July 26, 1923 – August 15, 2012) was an American actor. He is perhaps best known for his role as popular detective Mike Hammer in the 1953 version of I, the Jury, and for his guest appearance as Schmitter in the Star Trek episode "The Devil in the Dark".
Elliot as Mike Hammer in I, the Jury
July 26, 1923
|Died||August 15, 2012 89) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Maine|
|Spouse(s)||Betty Dole |
(m.1948-1974; her death)
(m.1977-2012; his death)
Elliot was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, the son of Susan M. (née Bernstein) and Israel Michael Shalek. All of his grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe. His father was a former semi-pro baseball player who had, after retiring, opened a burlap-bag manufacturing business in Presque Isle, Maine.
Elliot had a childhood nickname "Bith" but later adapted it to "Biff" when he went into boxing, which he did when he was 16 and his family had moved to Presque Isle. He then became known as Biff Harris. Eventually Elliot went on to become the North Maine champion and even reached the New England regional championship, but once his mother found out about his boxing, she refused to allow him to continue. In 1943 Elliot signed up for the United States Army, was placed in the 34th Infantry Division and later stationed to North Africa.
Once the war finished, Elliot was discharged and decided to return to the University of Maine in 1945. In college Elliot wrote column for The Maine Campus entitled Scotch and Soda. He graduated in 1949 and moved to New York City in hopes of pursuing a writing career. After failing as a writer, Elliot switched his attention to acting, and began taking courses at the actors' studio.
He first started doing stage and television work, mostly playing tough, working-class characters. When he was spotted by a Hollywood attorney while performing a television episode, the attorney recommended him to Victor Saville, the producer who was preparing the first film adaption of Mickey Spillane's I, the Jury. When accepted for the audition, Elliot was brought to Hollywood, and began preparing for his role by cramming with Mike Hammer novels, spending the whole night re-reading them. After a successful 15-minute audition, Elliot landed his first leading role on film and became the first actor to portray the famed Mike Hammer in a motion picture. Elliot was signed for a long term contract as Mike Hammer but the public didn't take to him and other actors were cast in the role.
Over the next few years, Elliot was a prominent fixture in classic war films of the 1950s and '60s, appearing in Between Heaven and Hell, The Enemy Below, Pork Chop Hill, and PT 109. But mostly he worked in television. In 1959, Elliot got a seemingly good break when playwright Clifford Odets happened to see I, the Jury and offered him a role in The Story on Page One, which Odets wrote and directed. Thereafter, over the next decade, Elliot was mostly seen on television, including an appearance on Frank Lovejoy's detective series, Meet McGraw, and an appearance on Perry Mason, starring Raymond Burr.In 1961 Elliot played the part of Buddy Blue,a trumpeter on the run from a gangster in the series 77 Sunset Strip.In 1966, he portrayed a government agent in an episode of the comedy series The Dick Van Dyke Show. In 1967, he appeared in the Star Trek episode "The Devil in the Dark". He guest-starred in an episode of Gibbsville in 1976. In 1977, he had a memorable supporting role in Telly Savalas's Beyond Reason with Diana Muldaur. A late notable role came in 1981 when he co-starred in Back to the Planet of the Apes, a TV movie. Elliot would make his final film appearance in 1986 in a comedy, co-starring with Jack Lemmon in a scene from That's Life!.
His last appearance on television was in 1986 on the set of the television series of Starman, and he retired in 2001.
After Elliot's retirement he worked in radio sports, covering Los Angeles sports for CBS Radio Network. Elliot was previously married to Betty Cole, a former model, whom he met during his tenure at the University of Maine and married in his sophomore year in 1948. She died in 1974. In 1977, he married Connie and they resided in Los Angeles.
- I, the Jury (1953) - Mike Hammer
- House of Bamboo (1955) - Webber
- Good Morning, Miss Dove (1955) - Reverend Alex Burnham
- Between Heaven and Hell (1956) - Tom Thumb - Co. G
- The True Story of Jesse James (1957) - Jim Younger
- The Enemy Below (1957) - Quartermaster
- Torpedo Run (1958) - Lt. Paul Buckeye (uncredited)
- Pork Chop Hill (1959) - Pvt. Boven
- The Story on Page One (1959) - Eddie Ritter (uncredited)
- PT 109 (1963) - Seaman Edgar E. Mauer
- Combat! (1963) episode: "The Party" as Rafferty
- Brainstorm (1965) - Detective (uncredited)
- Blood Bath (1966) - Cafe Manager
- Destination Inner Space (1966) - Dr. Wilson
- The Navy vs. the Night Monsters (1966) - Cmdr. Arthur Simpson
- Combat! (1966) episode: "The Outsider" as Doctor
- The Girl Who Knew Too Much (1969) - Archie
- The Day of the Wolves (1971) - The Inspector
- The Hard Ride (1971) - Mike
- Kotch (1971) - Motel Manager
- Cool Breeze (1972) - Lt. Carl Mager
- Save the Tiger (1973) - Tiger Petitioner
- This Is a Hijack (1973) - Neal Hanaford
- The Front Page (1974) - Police Dispatcher
- Planet of the Apes (TV series) (1974) episode: The Cure - Orangutan
- The Wild McCullochs (1975) - Ralph
- The Dark (1979) - Detective Jack Bresler
- Beyond Reason (1985) - Police Sergeant
- That's Life! (1986) - Belmont
- "Biff Elliot, the First Mike Hammer of the Movies, Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-08-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Welcome to Falling Rock National Park » Archive » Biff Elliot 1923-2012".
- p. 191 Collins, Max Allen Mickey Spillane in His Own Words in Mickey Spillane on Screen: A Complete Study of the Television and Film Adaptations McFarland, 12 Jan 2018