Bhojpuri region

The Bhojpuri region or Bhojpur is an area encompassing parts of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh in northern India and the Bara and Parsa districts of Nepal where the Bhojpuri language is spoken as a mother-tongue. The Bhojpuri region is bordered by Awadh in the west and Mithila in the east. Ujjainiya Rajputs of the former Shahabad district of ancient Bihar established their headquarters in the town of Arrah, Bhojpur district from where the whole region received its name.[1]

CountriesIndia and Nepal
StatesUttar Pradesh, Bihar, and (India) and Province No. 2 (Nepal)
LanguageBhojpuri dialect of Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu)


The economic and industrial growth of this region had been greatly hindered because of caste-guided political in-fighting and a huge population.[2] The culture of Bhojpur is also very much present today in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, Fiji, Mauritius, and South Africa, due to the many Indian indentured laborers who were sent there by the ruling British in the mid 19th century to the early 20th century, and were from the Purvanchal-Bhojpur region.


Bhojpuri language is spoken in the districts of Western Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh which is called Purvanchal and middle Terai region, Province No. 2 of Nepal.[3][4]

See also


  1. Kolff, Dirk H.A. (2002) [First published 1990]. Naukar, Rajput, and sepoy : the ethnohistory of the military labour market in Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-521-52305-2. The Bhojpuri region received its name after the town of Bhojpur, the ancient headquarters of the Ujjainiya Rajputs of the erstwhile Shahabad district of Bihar.
  2. Archived 27 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "Culture of Bhojpuri Region". Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 8 April 2018.. Discover Bihar, official website of Bihar Tourism.
  4. Nepal Archived 16 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Ethnologue

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