Beyond Tomorrow (film)

Beyond Tomorrow (also known as And So Goodbye and Beyond Christmas) is a 1940 American fantasy film directed by A. Edward Sutherland and produced by noted cinematographer Lee Garmes; Garmes was one of a handful of cinematographers who became film producers.[1]

Beyond Tomorrow
Theatrical release poster
Directed byA. Edward Sutherland
Produced byLee Garmes
Written byScreenplay by
Adele Comandini
(associate producer)
Original story by Mildred Cram and Adele Comandini
StarringCharles Winninger
Richard Carlson
Maria Ouspenskaya
Jean Parker
Helen Vinson
C. Aubrey Smith
Harry Carey
Music byFrank Tours
CinematographyLester White, A.S.C.
Edited byOtto Ludwig
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release date
  • May 10, 1940 (1940-05-10)
Running time
84 minutes
CountryUnited States

Structured as a B film, the production did not engage any stars who would receive billing above the title, relying instead on a quartet of veteran character actors, Charles Winninger, Maria Ouspenskaya, C. Aubrey Smith and Harry Carey, second-tier young leads Richard Carlson and Jean Parker as well as "other woman" Helen Vinson, a minor lead/second lead during early and mid thirties, here approaching the end of her career. All seven actors received a "Featuring" billing after the title. The remaining supporting cast included Rod La Rocque, a top leading man of the silent era, now reduced to playing minor supporting roles.

Because the events of the plot take place during the Christmas season, it is a contemporary but little-remembered example of the Christmas film.[2] The original print has been digitally remastered and preserved by the National Film Museum, Incorporated.


Engineers George Melton (Harry Carey) and Allan Chadwick (C. Aubrey Smith) work furiously to complete a design on time, even though it is Christmas Eve. Michael O'Brien (Charles Winninger), the third partner in the firm, arrives with presents for all and kindly lets their employees leave.[3] The three old men then go home to the mansion they share with Madame Tanya (Maria Ouspenskaya), an elderly countess dispossessed by the Russian Revolution, for a dinner with prestigious guests.

When the guests cancel at the last minute, George is convinced it is because of his dark past. To relieve George's black mood, Michael comes up with an idea to obtain new guests for dinner. Each man throws out a wallet containing $10 and his business card into the street. George's is found by Arlene Terry (Helen Vinson), who merely gives the money to her driver and discards the wallet. However, the other two are returned by more considerate people: Texas cowboy James Houston (Richard Carlson) and teacher Jean Lawrence (Jean Parker). They stay for dinner and soon become good friends with the three men and Madame Tanya. James and Jean also fall in love with each other, delighting the three men.

When the engineers have to travel to another city on business, Madame Tanya begs Michael to take the train rather than fly. He assures her it is perfectly safe, but Madame Tanya's premonition proves tragically correct when their aircraft crashes in a storm, killing all three. When James and Jean come to announce that they are engaged, they receive the bad news. The ghosts of the three men return home, where they are dimly sensed by Madame Tanya.

It turns out that Michael had bequeathed some bonds to the young couple so they could afford to marry. The story is picked up by the press, and as a result, James is invited to be a guest on a radio show. This is the opportunity he has been waiting for to showcase his wonderful singing voice. At the studio, James bumps into Arlene Terry, an established singing star. She wishes him well and is impressed by his performance. She had been wanting to replace her aging partner; she and her manager, Phil Hubert (Rod LaRocque), offer James a starring role in her new show. He accepts.

As James spends time with Arlene rehearsing, he becomes infatuated with her and neglects Jean, much to the distress of the ghosts, who are powerless to do anything. When Arlene's ex-husband bangs on her door, she has James leave by the back door, but not before persuading him to take a three-day break from work with her in the country.

George is summoned to leave the world. Michael begs him to repent before it is too late, but George refuses to be a hypocrite and walks away amid thunder and lightning into the darkness. Soon it is Allan's turn. His son David (William Bakewell) comes to take him to Heaven to be reunited with his wife. When Michael is called, he refuses to leave James, although a voice tells him each person is summoned only once and that he will be doomed to roam the Earth forever if he turns it down.

When Arlene leaves her apartment to meet James, her ex-husband is waiting. He needs her help to get back on his feet. However, she coldly brushes him off. When Arlene and James drive away, the jealous, estranged husband follows and shoots them when they stop for dinner. James dies on the operating table with his spirit greeted by Michael who then intercedes on his behalf, pleading with a "voice from above", for a second chance for the young man.[N 1] His wish is granted and James returns to life. Michael is reunited with a now-repentant George, and both are admitted into Heaven.


In order of their appearance


Principal photography for Beyond Tomorrow began in late November 1939 at the General Service Studios.[4]


The song "It's Raining Dreams" was written by Harold Spina and Charles Newman.


Although Beyond Tomorrow was considered a "Christmas Carol" and had some redeeming features including its talented cast of character actors, reviewer Bosley Crowther of The New York Times felt that the plot let the film down. "For its first half it is a latter-day Christmas carol, told with a gamin tenderness and warming as a hot toddy. But when its three elderly good Samaritans return from a plane crash as celluloid chimeras, its mystical peregrinations are more preposterous than moving." [5]

Home media colorized version

In 2004, a colorized version of the black-and-white film was produced by Legend Films and released by 20th Century Fox under the title Beyond Christmas.[6][7][8][9][10]

See also


  1. The voice explains that Michael's mother gave them no rest.


  1. "Hecht May Make Pix on Coast, Not in N. Y.; Lee Garmes mentioned as producer of Beyond Tomorrow'." Film Daily, April 25, 1940, p. 2.
  2. Walt. " Review: 'Beyond Tomorrow' ." Variety, April 3, 1940, p. 14.
  3. Nixon, Rob. "Articles: Beyond Tomorrow." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: December 31, 2013.
  4. "Original Print Information: Beyond Tomorrow." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: December 31, 2013.
  5. Crowther, Bosley. "Beyond Tomorrow (1940);'Beyond Tomorrow' at Palace." The New York Times, September 27, 1940.
  6. "Credits: Beyond Christmas." IMDb. Retrieved: December 31, 2013.
  7. "Beyond Christmas." Archived June 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved: December 31, 2013.
  8. "Beyond Tomorrow"Milwaukee Sentinel, May 17, 1940, p. 24.
  9. "The Mark of Zorro Coming to Alhambra."The Kentucky New Era, November 29, 1940, p. 8.
  10. "Search Copyright Records: Beyond Christmas (2004)." U.S. Copyright Office. Retrieved: October 22, 2007.


  • Jewell, Richard B. The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1982. ISBN 0-517-54656-6.
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