Bessie Love

Bessie Love (born Juanita Horton; September 10, 1898  April 26, 1986) was an American motion picture actress who achieved prominence playing innocent young girls and wholesome leading ladies in silent films and early talkies.[4] Her acting career spanned eight decades—from silent film to sound film, including theater, radio, and television—and her performance in The Broadway Melody (1929) earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.[5]

Bessie Love
Love, c. 1918
Born
Juanita Horton

(1898-09-10)September 10, 1898
DiedApril 26, 1986(1986-04-26) (aged 87)[2]
OccupationActress
Years active1915–83
Height5 ft 0 in (152 cm)[1]
Spouse(s)
William Hawks
(m. 1929; div. 1936)
[3]
Children1[3]

Early life

Love was born Juanita Horton in Midland, Texas[1] to John Cross Horton and Emma Jane Horton (née Savage).[6] Her father was a cowboy and bartender,[7] while her mother worked in and managed restaurants.[8] She attended school in Midland until she was in the eighth grade,[9] when her family moved to Arizona, New Mexico, and then to Hollywood.[2] When in Hollywood, her father became a chiropractor,[7] and her mother worked at the Jantzen's Knitwear and Bathing Suits factory.[10]

Career

The silent era

In June 1915, while a student at Los Angeles High School, Horton went to the set of a Western film to meet with actor Tom Mix, who had recommended that she visit him if she ever wanted to "get into pictures".[11] However, when Mix was unavailable, she was advised to meet with pioneering film director D. W. Griffith,[11] who gave Horton the stage name "Bessie Love" and a small role in his Intolerance (1916). Although Intolerance was her first performance to be filmed, it was her ninth film to be released.[8] Love dropped out of high school to pursue her film career, although she completed her diploma in 1919.[12]

Her "first role of importance"[13]—in the second of her films to be released—was in The Flying Torpedo (1916). She later appeared opposite William S. Hart in The Aryan and with Douglas Fairbanks in The Good Bad-Man, Reggie Mixes In, and The Mystery of the Leaping Fish (all 1916). In her early career, she was often compared to Mary Pickford,[14] and was even called "Our Mary" by Griffith.[15]

In 1918, Love signed a nine-film contract with Vitagraph.[lower-alpha 1][16] She took an active role in the management of her career, upgrading her representation to Gerald C. Duffy, the former editor of Picture-Play Magazine,[17] and publicizing herself by playing the ukulele and dancing for members of the military.[18] Even glowing reviews of her films criticized the venues in which they were shown, citing this as a reason she was not a more awarded actress.[19]

As her roles got larger, so did her popularity. In 1922, Love was chosen as a WAMPAS Baby Star.[20][21] In 1923, she starred in Human Wreckage with Dorothy Davenport and produced by Thomas Ince.

Because of her performance in The King on Main Street (1925), Love is credited with being the first person to dance the Charleston on film,[22] popularizing it in the United States. Her technique was documented in instructional guides,[23] including a series of photographs by Edward Steichen.[24] She subsequently performed the dance the following year in The Song and Dance Man.[25]

In 1925, she starred in The Lost World, a science fiction adventure based on the novel of the same name by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. In 1927, she appeared in the successful Dress Parade, and was so impressed by her experiences on location that she wrote the unpublished novel Military Mary.[26] A year later, she starred in The Matinee Idol, a romantic comedy directed by a young Frank Capra. Despite these successes, Love's career was on the decline.[27] She lived frugally so that she could afford lessons in singing and dancing.[28]

The sound era and stage work

Love toured with a musical revue for sixteen weeks,[29] which was so physically demanding that she broke a rib.[30] The experience she gained on the vaudeville stage singing and dancing in three performances a day prepared her for the introduction of sound films.[31] She was signed to MGM in 1928.[31]

In 1929, she appeared in her first feature-length "talkie", the musical The Broadway Melody. Her performance earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress, and the success of the film resulted in a 5-year contract with MGM and an increase in her weekly salary from US$500 to $3,000 (equivalent to $44,000 in 2018)—$1,000 more than her male co-star Charles King.[32] This success was later deemed one of "the most notable comebacks" of the WAMPAS Baby Stars, alongside Joan Crawford in Mildred Pierce and Gloria Stuart in Titanic.[33]

She appeared in several other early musicals, including 1929's The Hollywood Revue of 1929 and 1930's Chasing Rainbows, Good News, and They Learned About Women. However, the public tired of musicals, putting her career in decline. In 1930, Love is quoted as saying, "I guess I'm through. They don't seem to want me any more."[34]

She semi-retired, and focused on raising her daughter, born in 1932. In 1935, Love moved to England and did stage work and occasional films there. She also performed on BBC Radio as a member of their Drama Repertory Company.[35] Love briefly returned to the United States in 1936 to obtain a divorce.[3][36]

During World War II in Britain, when Love found acting work hard to come by, she was the "continuity girl" on the film drama San Demetrio London (1943), an account of a ship badly damaged in the Atlantic but whose crew managed to bring her to port. She also worked for the American Red Cross.[37]

After the war, she resumed work on the stage and played small roles in films, often as an American tourist.[38] Stage work included such productions as Love in Idleness (1944)[39] and Born Yesterday (1947).[39][40][41] She wrote and performed in The Homecoming, a semiautobiographical play, which opened in Perth, Scotland in 1958.[42][43] Film work included The Barefoot Contessa (1954) with Humphrey Bogart, and Ealing Studios' Nowhere to Go (1958). She also played small roles in The Greengage Summer (1961) starring Kenneth More, the James Bond thriller On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969), and in John Schlesinger's Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971). In addition to playing the mother of Vanessa Redgrave's titular character in Isadora (1968), Love also served as dialect coach to the actress.[44]

In October 1963, Love was the subject of This Is Your Life, when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in central London.[45][46]

Love appeared in John Osborne's play West of Suez,[47][48] and as "Aunt Pittypat" in a large-scale musical version of Gone with the Wind (1972).[49] She also played Maud Cunard in the TV miniseries Edward & Mrs. Simpson in 1978. Her film work continued in the 1980s with roles in Ragtime (1981), Reds (1981), Lady Chatterley's Lover (1981), and—her final film—The Hunger (1983).

Personal life

Love married agent William Hawks at St. James' Episcopal Church in South Pasadena, California on December 27, 1929.[50] Mary Astor (William's sister-in-law), Carmel Myers, and Norma Shearer were among her bridesmaids, with William's brother Howard Hawks and Irving Thalberg serving as ushers. Following their marriage, Love and Hawks lived at the Havenhurst Apartments in Hollywood; and, in 1932, they had their only child, Patricia.[lower-alpha 2] Four years later, the couple divorced.[3]

After she moved to England, the American press erroneously reported Love as dead multiple times.[55][56][57] She became a British subject in the late 1960s.[47]

Love was a Christian Scientist.[8][47]

Later years and death

After several years of declining health,[2][58] Love died at the Mount Vernon Hospital[58][59] in Northwood, London from natural causes on April 26, 1986.[2][58][59] Her ashes are interred at Breakspear Crematorium in Ruislip, Hillingdon, England.[60][61]

Legacy

Love was periodically interviewed by film historians and loaned materials from her personal collection to museums.[lower-alpha 3] In 1962, she began contributing articles about her experiences to The Christian Science Monitor.[63] In 1977, she published an autobiography entitled From Hollywood with Love.[64]

She was interviewed in the television documentary series The Hollywood Greats (1978)[65] and Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film (1980),[66] both about early filmmaking in Hollywood.

For her contributions to the motion picture industry, Love was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6777 Hollywood Boulevard.[67]

On screen, stage, and radio

Silent films: 1916–1928

Year Title Role Studio(s) / Distributor(s) Preservation status Notes
1916AcquittedHelen CarterFine Arts / TriangleLost
The Flying TorpedoHuldaFine Arts / TriangleLost
The AryanMary Jane GarthTriangleIncomplete
The Good Bad-ManAmyFine Arts / TriangleExtant
Reggie Mixes InAgnesFine Arts / TriangleExtant
The Mystery of the Leaping FishThe Little Fish BlowerTriangleExtantShort film
StrandedThe GirlFine Arts / TriangleLost
IntoleranceThe BrideTriangleExtant
Hell-to-Pay AustinBriar Rose "Nettles" DawsonFine Arts / TriangleLost
A Sister of SixPrudenceFine Arts / TriangleLost
The Heiress at Coffee Dan'sWafflesFine Arts / TriangleLost
1917Nina, the Flower GirlNinaFine Arts / TriangleLost
A Daughter of the PoorRose EastmanFine Arts / TriangleIncomplete
Cheerful GiversJudyFine Arts / TriangleLost
The Sawdust RingJanet MagieNew York Motion Picture Corporation / TriangleExtant
Wee Lady BettyWee Lady BettyTriangleLost
Polly AnnPolly AnnTriangleLost
1918The Great AdventureRagsPathé ExchangeExtant
How Could You, Caroline?Caroline RogersPathé ExchangeLost
A Little Sister of EverybodyCeleste JanvierAnderson-Brunton / Pathé ExchangeLost
The Dawn of UnderstandingSue PrescottVitagraphLost
1919The Enchanted BarnShirley HollisterVitagraphLost
Carolyn of the CornersCarolyn May CameronPathé ExchangeLost
The Wishing Ring ManJoy HavenithVitagraphLost
A Yankee PrincessPatsy O'ReillyVitagraphLost
The Little BossPeggy Winston, the little bossVitagraphLostLove also wrote the scenario
Cupid ForeclosesGeraldine FarleighVitagraphExtant
Over the Garden WallPeggy GordonVitagraphLost
A Fighting ColleenAlannah MaloneVitagraphLost
1920PegeenPegeen O'NeillVitagraphLost
The MidlandersAurelie LindstromAndrew J. Callaghan Productions / Federated Film ExchangesIncomplete
Bonnie MayBonnie MayAndrew J. Callaghan Productions / Federated Film ExchangesLost
1921Penny of Top Hill TrailPennyAndrew J. Callaghan Productions / Federated Film ExchangesLost
The Honor of RamerizThe Geologist's WifePathé ExchangeUnknownShort film
Series: Santschi Series
The Spirit of the LakePathé ExchangeUnknown
The SwampMaryRobertson–ColeExtant
The Sea LionBlossom NelsonAssociated ProducersExtant
1922The Vermilion PencilHyacinthRobertson–ColeLost
Forget Me NotAnn, the girlMetro PicturesLost
Bulldog CourageGloria PhillipsRussell Productions / State RightsExtant
The Village BlacksmithRosemary Martin, the daughterFox FilmIncomplete
Night Life in HollywoodHerselfA.B. Maescher Productions / Arrow Film CorporationUnknown
Deserted at the AltarAnna Moore, the country girlPhil GoldstoneUnknown
1923The Little KnightBerniceArthur Trimble Productions / AnchorExtantShort film
Series: The Strange Adventures of Prince Courageous
The Love CharmBerniceArthur Trimble Productions / AnchorUnknown
The Crown of CourageBerniceArthur Trimble Productions / AnchorUnknown
Three Who PaidJohn Caspar / Virginia CartwrightFox FilmLost
The Ghost PatrolEffie KuglerUniversal PicturesLost
Souls for SaleHerselfGoldwyn PicturesExtant
The Purple DawnMui FarAywon / State RightsLost
Mary of the MoviesHerselfColumbia / Robertson–Cole / Film Booking OfficesIncomplete
Human WreckageMary FinneganThomas H. Ince Corporation / Film Booking OfficesLost
The Eternal ThreeHilda GrayGoldwyn PicturesLost
St. ElmoEdna EarleFox FilmLost
Slave of DesirePauline GaudinGoldwyn PicturesExtant
Gentle JuliaJuliaFox FilmLost
1924TormentMarieTourneur / Associated First NationalLost
The Woman on the JuryGrace PierceAssociated First NationalLost
Those Who DanceVeda CarneyThomas H. Ince Corporation / Associated First NationalLost
The Silent WatcherMary RobertsFirst National PicturesLost
Dynamite SmithVioletThomas H. Ince Corporation / Pathé ExchangeLost
SundownEllen CrawleyFirst National PicturesLost
Tongues of FlameLahleetFamous Players-Lasky / Paramount PicturesLost
1925The Lost WorldPaula WhiteFirst National PicturesExtant
Soul-FireTeitaInspiration Pictures / First National PicturesExtant
A Son of His FatherNora SheaFamous Players-Lasky / Paramount PicturesLost
New BroomsGeraldine MarshFamous Players-Lasky / Paramount PicturesLost
The King on Main StreetGladys HumphreysFamous Players-Lasky / Paramount PicturesExtant
1926The Song and Dance ManLeola LaneFamous Players-Lasky / Paramount PicturesIncomplete
Lovey MaryLovey MaryMetro-Goldwyn-MayerIncomplete
Young AprilVictoriaProducers Distributing CorporationExtant
Going CrookedMarie FarleyFox FilmExtant
1927The AmericanJane WiltonNatural Vision PicturesLostNever released theatrically
Rubber TiresMary Ellen StackProducers Distributing CorporationExtant
A Harp in HockNora BanksDeMille Pictures / Pathé ExchangeLost
Dress ParadeJanet CleghornePathé ExchangeExtant
1928The Matinee IdolGinger BolivarColumbia PicturesExtant
Sally of the ScandalsSally RandFilm Booking OfficesExtant
Anybody Here Seen Kelly?Mitzi LavelleUniversal PicturesLost

Sound films: 1928–1983

All of Love's sound films are extant.

Year Title Role Studio(s) / Distributor(s) Notes
1928The Swell HeadWarner VitaphoneShort film
1929The Broadway MelodyHank MahoneyMetro-Goldwyn-MayerNominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
The Idle RichHelen ThayerMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Hollywood Revue of 1929HerselfMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Girl in the ShowHattie HartleyMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1930Chasing RainbowsCarlie SeymourMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
They Learned About WomenMary CollinsMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
ConspiracyMargaret HoltRKO Pictures
Good NewsDixie O'DayMetro-Goldwyn-MayerMissing Technicolor ending
See America ThirstEllenUniversal Pictures
1931Morals for WomenHelen HustonTiffany Pictures
1936I Live AgainKathleen VernonG.B. Morgan Productions / National Provincial Film Distributors
1941Atlantic FerryBegonia BaggotWarner Brothers
1945London ScrapbookHerselfSpectator Short FilmsShort film
Journey TogetherMrs. Mary McWilliamsRKO Pictures
1951No Highway in the SkyAircraft passengerTwentieth Century-Fox Film Corp.Uncredited
The Magic BoxWedding group memberBritish Lion Films
1954The Weak and the WickedPrisoner
The Barefoot ContessaMrs. EubanksFigaro / United Artists
Beau BrummellMaidMetro-Goldwyn-MayerUncredited
1955Touch and GoMrs. BaxterEaling Studios / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors / Universal Pictures
1957The Story of Esther CostelloMatron in art galleryRomulus Films / Columbia Pictures
1958Next to No TimeBecky WienerMontpelier / British Lion Film Corporation
Nowhere to GoHarriet P. JeffersonEaling Studios / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1959Too Young to LoveMrs. BuschWelbeck Films Ltd. / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors
1961The Greengage Summer[68]American touristPKL Productions / Victor Saville-Edward Small Productions / Columbia Pictures
The Roman Spring of Mrs. StoneBunnyWarner Bros. / Seven Arts / Warner-Pathé Distributors / Warner Bros. Pictures
1963The Wild AffairMarjorie's motherBryanston Films / British Lion Films
Children of the DamnedMrs. Robbins, Mark's grandmotherMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1964I Think They Call Him JohnNarratorSamaritan FilmsShort film
1965Promise Her AnythingPet shop customerSeven Arts Productions / Paramount Pictures
1967Battle Beneath the EarthMatronMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
I'll Never Forget What's'isnameAmerican touristJ. Arthur Rank Film Distributors
1968IsadoraMrs. DuncanUniversal Pictures
1969On Her Majesty's Secret ServiceBaccarat playerEon-Danilag ProductionsUncredited
1971Sunday Bloody SundayAnswering service ladyVectia / United Artists
CatlowMrs. FrostMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1974VampyresAmerican ladyCambist Films / Cinépix Film Properties Inc.
1976The RitzMaurineWarner Bros.
1977Gulliver's TravelsArrow Films / Sunn Classic PicturesVoice
1981RedsMrs. PartlowBarclays Mercantile / Industrial Finance / JRS Productions / Paramount Pictures
RagtimeOld T.O.C. ladyParamount Pictures
Lady Chatterley's LoverFloraCannon Films / Columbia Pictures
1983The HungerLillybelleMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer / MGM/UA Entertainment Co

Television

Year(s) Title Role Notes
1946Mr. Know-All[69]
1947You Can't Take It with You[70]Penelope SycamoreTelevision film
1948The Front Page[71]Mrs. GrantTelevision film
1952Mystery Story[72][73]Grace Jones
1953The Hero[74]Harriet Quinn
1954, 1957, 1958BBC Sunday-Night Theatre[75][76][77][78]Various7 episodes
1954Queen's Folly[79]Mrs. Temple
1955London PlayhouseMrs. GorenEpisode: "The Glorification of Al Toolum"[80]
1956The Male Animal[81]Myrtle KellerTelevision film
Love performed the role in the stage production at the New Wimbledon Theatre in 1949[82]
1957, 1960ITV Television PlayhouseVarious3 episodes
1957, 1959ITV Play of the WeekVarious3 episodes
1958Long Distance[83][84]Mrs. MacLeanTelevision short
1959Saturday PlayhouseMrs. Stykeley-MosherEpisode: "Golden Rain"[85]
1960Emergency – Ward 10Mrs. BroomEpisode: "Mrs. Broom"
Don't Do It, Dempsey!Mrs. GlentonEpisode: "Visiting Firemen"[86]
International DetectiveVarious2 episodes[87]
1961Harpers West OneCustomer1 episode
1962Zero OneMrs. GlornyEpisode: "Gunpoint to Shannon"[88][89]
Man of the WorldMrs. Van KempsonEpisode: "Portrait of a Girl"[87]
The Andromeda BreakthroughMrs. NeilsonEpisode: "Gale Warning"[90][91]
BBC Sunday-Night PlayMrs. MarshallEpisode: "Means to an End"
1963This Is Your Life[45][46]HerselfReality documentary
The Sentimental AgentMamieEpisode: "Never Play Cards with Strangers"[87]
1964Story ParadeMrs. ArquetteEpisode: "A Kiss Before Dying"[92]
1965The Wednesday PlayMartha BurroughsEpisode: "The Pistol"[93]
1966The Poppy Is Also a FlowerTelevision film; uncredited
1968ITV PlayhouseMrs. TeitelbaumEpisode: "Bon Voyage"[87]
Late Night Line-Up[94]Herself
1969Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased)Mrs. TrotterEpisode: "When Did You Start to Stop Seeing Things?"[87]
OmnibusEpisode: "Where Are You Going to My Pretty Maid?"[7][95]
British Film ComedyBeckyEpisode: "Next to No Time"[96]
1970W. Somerset MaughamAmerican ladyEpisode: "Jane"[97]
KateLady Hartford-CapeEpisode: "A Good Spec"[87]
1971Great Day[87]Herself
Public EyeChrissy HusackEpisode: "The Beater and the Game"[87]
From a Bird's Eye ViewOld LadyEpisode: "Family Tree"
1973Pollyanna[98]Mrs. SnowMiniseries
1974MouseyMrs. RichardsonTelevision film
1975Shades of GreeneSt. Louis WomanEpisode: "Cheap in August"[4]
1976Katy[99][100][101]Mrs. Finch3 episodes
1977Good Afternoon![29]Herself
1978Edward & Mrs. SimpsonMaud CunardMiniseries
The Hollywood Greats[65]HerselfDocumentary series
1980Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film[66]HerselfDocumentary series

Stage

Year Title Role Venue / Location Notes
1928Burlesque[102]BonnySan Francisco
Merry Ann Idea[29][103][104]Touring productionA one-woman, Fanchon and Marco stage revue
1930Whispering Friends[105][106]El Capitan Theatre, Hollywood
1931Variety show[87]
1936Stop and Go[87]Touring productionA C. B. Cochran revue
1936Lucky Stars[107][108]Touring production
1944Love in Idleness[109][110][111]Miss Dell
Replaced Peggy Dear
1945Zenobia[112]The ActressGranville Theatre, Walham Green
Say It With Flowers[112]JulieGranville Theatre, Walham Green
1947Born Yesterday[113]Mrs. HedgesGarrick Theatre, London
1948Native Son[114]Miss EmmetBolton's Theatre Club, London
1949Death of a Salesman[115]Laughing WomanPhoenix Theatre, London
The Male Animal[82]Myrtle KellerNew Wimbledon Theatre, LondonLove also performed the role on television in 1956[81]
1951The Glass Menagerie[116]Amanda WingfieldTouring production
1953The Season's Greetings[117]Lucy BarlowQ Theatre, London
1954The Wooden Dish[118][119]Bessie BockserPhoenix Theatre, London
Mother Is a Darling[120]Dulcie LanderNew Theatre, Bromley
1955The Children's Hour[121]Mrs. Lily MortarArts Theatre, London
South[122][123][124]Mrs. PriolieauArts Theatre, London
A Girl Called Jo[125]Mrs. KirkePiccadilly Theatre, London
1956Someone to Talk To[126]Miss FroslynDuchess Theatre, London
1958The Homecoming[43][127]Babe LovePerth Theatre, Perth, ScotlandWritten by Love
1959Orpheus Descending[128]The NurseRoyal Court Theatre, London
1960Visit to a Small Planet[129]Reba SpeldingWestminster Theatre, London
1961South[110]Mrs. PriolieauCriterion Theatre, London
1962Gentlemen Prefer Blondes[130][131]Mrs. Ella Spofford
1963Never Too Late[132]Grace KimboroughPrince of Wales Theatre, London
1964Saint Joan of the Stockyards[133]A WorkerQueen's Theatre, London
In White America[134][135]The White WomanArts Theatre, London
1966The Silence of Lee Harvey Oswald[136]Marguerite OswaldHampstead Theatre Club, London
1968Sweet Bird of Youth[137]Aunt NonniePalace Theatre, Watford
1970Harvey[138]Mrs. GaffneyTouring production
1971The Heiress[139]Lavinia PennimanTouring production
1971West of Suez[47][48][140]Mrs DekkerRoyal Court Theatre, London
1972Gone with the Wind[49]Aunt PittypatTheatre Royal, Drury Lane, London
1979The Woman I Love[141]Aunt Bessie MerrymanDevonshire Park Theatre, Eastbourne

Radio

Date Title Role
August 31, 1942Ladies' Man[142]Anita
November 26, 1943Entertainment Annual[143]
October 3, 1944News Headlines[144]Host
October 8, 1944Variety Band-Box[145]Host
January 30, 1946Vic Oliver Introduces...[146]
January 19, 1947Scrapbook for 1925[147]
March 6, 1954Theatre Royal[148]
December 12, 1954Saturday-Night Theatre[149]
June 16, 1955Melville's Choice[150]
July 30, 1955Saturday-Night Theatre[149]
April 18, 1957Woman's Hour[151]Narrator
August 8, 1957Desert Island Discs[152]Herself
December 29, 1961I Remember[153]Herself
December 31, 1963Hollywood Memories[154]Herself
March 21, 1966Illumination[155]Sister Constance Soulsby
July 13, 1968Afternoon Theatre[156]
March 28, 1970Saturday-Night Theatre[157][158]
September 18, 1975Afternoon Theatre[156]
August 23, 1977Spoon River[159]
September 12, 1977Star Sound[160]Herself
March 5, 1978Afternoon Theatre[156]

See also

References

Notes
  1. All nine films with Vitagraph were made: 1918's The Dawn of Understanding; 1919's The Enchanted Barn, The Wishing Ring Man, A Yankee Princess, The Little Boss, Cupid Forecloses, Over the Garden Wall, and A Fighting Colleen; and 1920's Pegeen.
  2. The exact birthday of Patricia Hawks is February 19, 1932. She studied dance at the Ballet Rambert,[3] had some bit parts in films in 1952,[51][52][53] and appeared in a West End production of Candide later that decade.[54] She married actor Julian Pepper,[3] with whom she had two children, Edmund and Hannah.[3]
  3. Love contributed to the exhibition 300 années de cinématographie, 60 ans de cinéma at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1955.[62]
Citations
  1. Stars of the Photoplay. Chicago: Photoplay magazine. 1924.
  2. Folkart, Burt A. (April 29, 1986). "Bessie Love, Silent Screen Actress Discovered in 1915, Dies at 87". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  3. Kidd 1986, p. 67.
  4. "Silent Film Star Bessie Love Dies in London at 87". Variety. Vol. 323 no. 1. Los Angeles. April 30, 1986. pp. 4, 36.
  5. "The 2nd Academy Awards | 1930". Oscars.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  6. Kidd 1986, p. 69.
  7. Yergin, Daniel (December 11, 1969). "1915, a schoolgirl named Juanita Horton was about to meet D.W. Griffith in Babylon, Hollywood. He made her one of the great stars of the silent movies". Radio Times. Photographed by Tony Ray Jones. pp. 52–55.
  8. Perry, George (September 18, 1977). "Love's No Stranger". The Sunday Times Magazine. London.
  9. Temple, Georgia (January 17, 2007). "Midland's first star burned bright in Hollywood sky". Midland Reporter-Telegram.
  10. Love, Bessie (July 10, 1962). "My First Film Job". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 8.
  11. Love 1977, p. 25.
  12. "Little Whisperings from Everywhere in Playerdom". Motion Picture Magazine. Vol. 18 no. 8. September 1919. p. 104.
  13. "Bessie Love's Popularity Growing". The Moving Picture World. March 1, 1919. p. 1233.
  14. Side 1980, p. 84.
  15. Side 1980, pp. 12–13.
  16. "Vitagraph". Motion Picture News. November 30, 1918. p. 3146.
  17. "Cinema Truth in Flashes". Photo-Play Journal. February 1919. p. 46.
  18. "Hobnobbing with Bessie Love". Photo-Play Journal. February 1919. pp. 11, 56.
  19. Essex, Bert D. (April 1919). "The Silent Trend". Photo-Play Journal. p. 36.
  20. Gebhart, Myrtle (March 11, 1922). "Pantomime Paragraphs from Hollywood". Pantomime. Vol. 2 no. 10. p. 24.
  21. Liebman 2000, p. 7.
  22. In The King on Main Street:
    • "Crimson Playgoer: The Metropolitan Opens its Doors to an Unlimited Public and a Very Fair Opening Attraction". The Harvard Crimson. October 21, 1925. Bessie Love too, who does a very jazzy version of the Charleston
    • "The King on Main Street". Theatre Magazine. January 1926. …it is memorable … for the fact that Bessie Love gives a perfect exhibition of the Charleston, proving that it can be danced with extreme grace and agility, and yet without a single hint of wriggling vulgarity. We hereby award Miss Love the palm as the greatest Charleston expert on the screen if not on the stage  which is by way of being a miracle, for ordinarily a film dance looks as silly as the capering of goats.
  23. "Everybody's Doing It Now; Bessie Love Shows You How". Photoplay. October 1925. pp. 32–3.
  24. Feeney, Mark (July 19, 2009). "Steichen: A man for all styles  Exhibits showcase breadth of his career". The Boston Globe.
  25. In The Song and Dance Man:
    • "Newspaper Opinions". The Film Daily. Vol. 35 no. 30. February 5, 1926. p. 8. The picture is well worth viewing, however, if for no other reason than to watch Bessie Love dance the Charleston.
    • "Stage and Screen". The Cornell Daily Sun. Vol. XLVI no. 134. March 25, 1926. p. 4. Bessie Love is well cast as the girl  she surely can do the Charleston.
    • "George M. Cohan's 'Song and Dance Man' Comes to State". Reading Times. Reading, Pennsylvania. March 22, 1926. p. 8. Bessie Love, the diminutive film favorite and the screen's foremost exponent of the 'Charleston,' is happily cast as the small time performer who eventually wins fame and for tune in the musical comedy field.
    • "Lincoln Way Theatre". The Gettysburg Times. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. August 31, 1926. p. 6. See Bessie Love, the screen's Charleston champ, strut her stuff!
  26. Love, Bessie (1929). Military Mary. OCLC 37148006.
  27. Winchell, Walter (December 1929). "Snappy Comebacks". The New Movie Magazine. pp. 28, 124.
  28. Gebhart, Myrtle (October 1929). "Must a Star 'Go Hollywood'?". Picture Play. Vol. 31 no. 2. p. 116.
  29. "Judith Chalmers talks to American-born actress Bessie Love". Good Afternoon. London: Thames TV. October 17, 1977.
  30. Wilkinson, Leslie. "What Are They Doing Now? Part 14: Leslie Wilkinson Meets Bessie Love". Photoplay Film Monthly.
  31. Kingsley, Grace (September 12, 1928). "Star Remains with Vitaphone". Los Angeles Times. p. A10.
  32. Walker, Alexander (1978). The Shattered Silents: How the Talkies Came to Stay. London: Elm Tree Books. p. 139.
  33. Liebman 2000, p. 219.
  34. Ramsey, Walter (March 1930). "Strange as It May Seem". Motion Picture. Vol. 39 no. 2. p. 92.
  35. Gielgud, Val (1957). British Radio Drama, 1922–1956. London: George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd. p. 194.
  36. "Bessie Love Back". Titusville Herald. 72 (90). Titusville, Pennsylvania. September 28, 1936. p. 1.
  37. "Bessie Love". AllMovie Guide. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  38. "In Short". Billboard. Vol. 58 no. 47. November 23, 1946. p. 36.
  39. Love 1977, p. 136.
  40. "London Garrick Theatre  Born Yesterday  Laurence Olivier". Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  41. "'Born Yesterday' Hit in Glasgow Opening Before London Deb". Billboard. Vol. 58 no. 48. November 30, 1946. p. 4.
  42. "Silent Film Star a Playwright". Tri-City Herald. Pasco, Washington. April 21, 1958. p. 2.
  43. "Little Action in New Play". The Glasgow Herald. April 22, 1958. p. 3.
  44. Love 1977, p. 140.
  45. Connolly, Mike (October 30, 1963). "In Hollywood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh. p. 6.
  46. Bessie Love's appearance on This Is Your Life
  47. Hollander, Zander (August 28, 1972). "Bessie Love—74 Years Young and Still Acting". The Dispatch. 91 (99). Lexington, NC. p. 21.
  48. Heilpern, John (April 28, 2006). "A sense of failure". The Guardian.
  49. Bryden, Ronald (May 21, 1972). "Scarlett Sings, Atlanta Burns". The New York Times.
  50. Love 1977, p. 125.
  51. Graham, Sheilah (September 6, 1951). "Hollywood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 18.
  52. "She's Working Her Way through College (1952)". BFI.
  53. "Stuff About Stars". Katy Keene. No. 6. June 1952. p. 21.
  54. "Patricia Hawks". Broadway World.
  55. "Strangler Kills Former Actress". New York Times. July 10, 1947. p. 44.
  56. Davis, Charles E., Jr. (May 28, 1967). "Los Angeles High Will Mark 95th Birthday". Los Angeles Times. p. A5.
  57. Love, Bessie (July 24, 1967). "An Error Corrected". Los Angeles Times. p. A4. Would you be kind enough to print that I am not dead? I have many friends out home and they might be hurt to think I had not let them know.
  58. "Bessie Love, 87, an Actress from Silent-Film to TV Eras". The New York Times. April 28, 1986.
  59. "Career of U.S.-born actress went from silent films to TV". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Canada. April 29, 1986. p. D19.
  60. "Bessie Love". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  61. "Bessie Love". NNDB.
  62. Robinson, David (2006). "Film Museums I Have Known and (Sometimes) Loved". Film History. 18 (3): 242. ISSN 0892-2160.
  63. Twenty-one articles were published over eighteen years:
    • First article: Love, Bessie (May 9, 1962). "An Aryan in Sulphur Canyon". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 8.
    • Final article: Love, Bessie (October 20, 1980). "The second time around". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 21.
  64. Love 1977.
  65. "The Hollywood Greats (10 August 1978)". The Radio Times. No. 2856. BBC. August 3, 1978. p. 45 via BBC Genome Project.
  66. Brownlow, Kevin; Gill, David (1980). "The Man with the Megaphone". Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film. Episode 10. Thames Video Production. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  67. Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved January 19, 2017
  68. Love 1977, p. 155.
  69. "Mr. Know-All (17 July 1946)". The Radio Times. BBC via BBC Genome Project.
  70. "You Can't Take It with You (18 May 1947)". The Radio Times. No. 1231. BBC. May 16, 1947. p. 31 via BBC Genome Project.
  71. "The Front Page (15 August 1948)". The Radio Times. No. 1296. BBC. August 13, 1948. p. 26 via BBC Genome Project.
  72. "Mystery Story (17 August 1952)". The Radio Times. No. 1501. BBC. August 15, 1952. p. 38 via BBC Genome Project.
  73. "Television: American". The Stage. No. 3, 722. London. August 14, 1952. p. 11.
  74. "The Hero (15 February 1953)". The Radio Times. No. 1527. BBC. February 13, 1953. p. 14 via BBC Genome Project.
  75. "Sunday Night Theatre: 'View Friendship and Marriage' (29 June 1958)". The Radio Times. No. 1807. BBC. June 27, 1958. p. 9 via BBC Genome Project.
  76. "Sunday Night Theatre: 'Indoor Sport' (4 September 1955)". The Radio Times. No. 1660. BBC. September 2, 1955. p. 14 via BBC Genome Project.
  77. "Sunday Night Theatre: 'Our Town' (3 February 1957)". The Radio Times. No. 1734. BBC. February 1957. p. 14 via BBC Genome Project.
  78. Falk, Quentin (1992). Albert Finney in Character: A Biography. Robson Books. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-86051-823-5.
  79. "Queen's Folly (14 February 1954)". The Radio Times. No. 1579. BBC. February 12, 1954. p. 14 via BBC Genome Project.
  80. "The Glorification of Al Toolum (1955)". BFI.
  81. "The Male Animal (3 May 1956)". The Radio Times. No. 1694. BBC. April 27, 1956. p. 38 via BBC Genome Project.
  82. Wearing 2014a, p. 448.
  83. "Long Distance (30 May 1958)". The Radio Times. No. 1802. BBC. May 23, 1958. p. 21 via BBC Genome Project.
  84. "Our View: 'Long Distance'". The Stage. No. 4, 025. London. June 5, 1958. p. 8.
  85. "Saturday Playhouse: 'Golden Rain' (28 February 1959)". The Radio Times. No. 1841. BBC. February 20, 1959. p. 25 via BBC Genome Project.
  86. "Don't Do It, Dempsey!: 'Visiting Firemen' (9 May 1960)". The Radio Times. No. 1904. BBC. May 6, 1960. p. 10 via BBC Genome Project.
  87. "Checklist 85 – Bessie Love". Monthly Film Bulletin. Vol. 39 no. 456. London. January 1, 1972. p. 43.
  88. "Zero One: 'Gunpoint to Shannon' (12 December 1962)". The Radio Times. No. 2039. BBC. December 6, 1962. p. 33 via BBC Genome Project.
  89. "TV-Radio Production Centres". Variety. Vol. 225 no. 3. Los Angeles. December 13, 1961. p. 3.
  90. "The Andromeda Breakthrough: 'Gale Warning' (5 July 1962)". The Radio Times. No. 2016. BBC. June 28, 1962. p. 45 via BBC Genome Project.
  91. "On Schedule". Television Mail. Vol. 6 no. 17. London. June 15, 1962. p. 12.
  92. "Story Parade: 'A Kiss Before Dying' (8 May 1964)". The Radio Times. No. 2112. BBC. April 30, 1964. p. 69 via BBC Genome Project.
  93. "The Wednesday Play: 'The Pistol' (16 June 1965)". The Radio Times. No. 2170. BBC. June 10, 1965. p. 42 via BBC Genome Project.
  94. "Late Night Line-Up (29 June 1968)". The Radio Times. No. 2329. BBC. June 27, 1968. p. 9 via BBC Genome Project.
  95. "Omnibus: 'Where Are You Going to My Pretty Maid?' (14 December 1969)". The Radio Times. No. 2405. BBC. December 11, 1969. p. 22 via BBC Genome Project.
  96. "British Film Comedy (17 June 1969)". The Radio Times. No. 2379. BBC. June 12, 1969. p. 23 via BBC Genome Project.
  97. "W. Somerset Maugham: 'Jane' (30 April 1970)". The Radio Times. No. 2424. BBC. April 23, 1970. p. 47 via BBC Genome Project.
  98. "Pollyanna (14 October 1973)". The Radio Times. No. 2605. BBC. October 11, 1973. p. 35 via BBC Genome Project.
  99. "Katy: 'Part 5' (23 July 1978)". The Radio Times. No. 2854. BBC. July 20, 1978. p. 21 via BBC Genome Project.
  100. "Katy: 'Part 6' (30 July 1978)". The Radio Times. No. 2855. BBC. July 27, 1978. p. 23 via BBC Genome Project.
  101. "Katy (7 November 1976)". The Radio Times. No. 2765. BBC. November 4, 1976. p. 25 via BBC Genome Project.
  102. "Bessie Love on Stage". New York Herald Tribune. February 20, 1928. p. 9.
  103. "Film House Reviews: Loew's State". Variety. May 16, 1928. p. 38.
  104. "Key City Reports: Seattle". Motion Picture News. August 18, 1928. p. 545.
  105. "Every House Draws with Class Product". Inside Facts of Stage and Screen. 13 (17). May 2, 1931. p. 2.
  106. "Duffy Retains Marital Farce". California Daily Bruin. 8 (131). May 1, 1931. p. 4.
  107. "Lucky Stars". Hippodrome Heritage.
  108. "American actress Bessie Love (1898–1986) standing in her London home". GettyImages. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  109. "Love in Idleness". Drama Online.
  110. Gaye 1967, pp. 893–4.
  111. "Obituary of Bessie Love". The Times. London, England. April 28, 1986.
  112. "Chit Chat". The Stage. No. 3369. London. October 25, 1945. p. 4.
  113. Wearing 2014a, p. 283.
  114. "Chit Chat". The Stage. No. 3488. London. February 19, 1948. p. 4.
  115. Wearing 2014a, p. 454.
  116. Hopper, Hedda (March 17, 1949). "Looking at Hollywood". Chicago Daily Tribune.
  117. Parker 1972, p. 97.
  118. Brown, Ivor (August 1, 1954). "At the Theatre: Sherry Party". The Observer. p. 6.
  119. Wearing 2014b, p. 315.
  120. "Addenda and Corriegenda". Monthly Film Bulletin. Vol. 39 no. 456. London. January 1, 1972.
  121. Wearing 2014b, pp. 453–454.
  122. Gaye 1967, p. 93.
  123. Atkinson, Brooks (May 2, 1955). "Theatre: South Abroad: Green's Play of Civil War Seen in London". The New York Times.
  124. Wearing 2014b, p. 364.
  125. Wearing 2014b, p. 404.
  126. Wearing 2014b, p. 443.
  127. "Play by Bessie Love Staged in Scotland". The New York Times. April 22, 1958. p. 38.
  128. Hope-Wallace, Philip (May 15, 1959). "Tennessee Williams play in familiar vein". The Manchester Guardian.
  129. "Week in the Theatre". The Stage and Television Today. No. 4116. London. March 3, 1960. p. 17.
  130. Gaye 1967, p. 133.
  131. Whittaker, Herbert (August 25, 1962). "When Is That Certain Age Just Too Old". The Globe and Mail.
  132. Gaye 1967, p. 164.
  133. Marriott, R.B. (June 18, 1964). "Brecht Saint Dies a Revolutionary". The Stage and Television Today. No. 4340. London. p. 13.
  134. Gaye 1967, p. 203.
  135. Hope-Wallace, Philip (November 17, 1964). "Review: In White America". The Guardian.
  136. Parker 1972, p. 96.
  137. The Stage Year Book. Carson & Comerford Ltd. 1969.
  138. "Chit Chat". The Stage and Television Today. No. 4646. London. April 30, 1970. p. 8.
  139. Blake, Douglas (March 4, 1971). "Finding Money on Tour". The Stage and Television Today. No. 4690. London. p. 8.
  140. Osborne, John (April 18, 2013). John Osborne Plays 2: The Entertainer; The Hotel in Amsterdam; West of Suez; Time Present. Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-30084-6.
  141. McCall, Anthony (February 15, 1979). "Production Scene Livens Up". The Stage and Television Today. No. 5105. London. p. 1.
  142. Gifford, Denis (1985). The Golden Age of Radio: An Illustrated Companion. London: Batsford. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-7134-4234-2.
  143. "Entertainment Annual (26 November 1943)". The Radio Times. No. 1051. BBC. November 19, 1943. p. 17 via BBC Genome Project.
  144. "News Headlines (3 October 1944)". The Radio Times. No. 1096. BBC. September 29, 1944. p. 11 via BBC Genome Project.
  145. "Variety Band-Box (8 October 1944)". The Radio Times. No. 1097. BBC. October 6, 1944. p. 7 via BBC Genome Project.
  146. "Vic Oliver Introduces... (30 January 1946)". The Radio Times. No. 1165. BBC. January 25, 1946. p. 12 via BBC Genome Project.
  147. "Scrapbook for 1925 (19 January 1947)". The Radio Times. No. 1216. BBC. January 17, 1947. p. 6 via BBC Genome Project.
  148. "Theatre Royal: 'Outcasts of Poker Flat'". Library of Congress.
  149. "Saturday Night Theatre 1943–1960". Sutton Elms.
  150. "Melville's Choice (16 June 1955)". The Radio Times. No. 1648. BBC. June 10, 1955. p. 15 via BBC Genome Project.
  151. "Woman's Hour (18 April 1957)". The Radio Times. No. 1744. BBC. April 12, 1957. p. 47 via BBC Genome Project.
  152. "Desert Island Discs (8 August 1957)". BBC.
  153. "I Remember (29 December 1961)". The Radio Times. No. 1989. BBC. December 21, 1961. p. 58 via BBC Genome Project.
  154. "Hollywood Memories (31 December 1963)". The Radio Times. No. 2094. BBC. December 26, 1963. p. 31 via BBC Genome Project.
  155. "Illumination (21 March 1966)". The Radio Times. No. 2210. BBC. March 17, 1966. p. 32 via BBC Genome Project.
  156. "Afternoon Theatre, Lost Plays". Sutton Elms.
  157. "Saturday-Night Theatre (28 March 1970)". The Radio Times. No. 2420. BBC. March 26, 1970. p. 19 via BBC Genome Project.
  158. "Saturday Night Theatre 1960–1970". Sutton Elms.
  159. "David Buck Radio Drama". Sutton Elms.
  160. "Star Sound (12 September 1977)". The Radio Times. No. 2809. BBC. September 8, 1977. p. 38 via BBC Genome Project.
Works cited
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