|Bernard 82-B.3 (ca 1934)|
|Manufacturer||Société des Avions Bernard|
|First flight||11 December 1933|
|Developed from||Bernard 80 GR|
Design and development
The Bernard 82 was developed from the long-range Bernard 80 GR, which had been designed to set long-distance-flight records. The all-metal Bernard 82 was a three-seat long-range bomber, known at the time as a bombardier de represaillies or reprisal bomber. The cantilever mid-wing monoplane was powered by an 860 hp (641 kW) Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs inline piston engine. The first prototype flew from Le Bourget on 11 December 1933, and in March 1932 was joined by the second prototype. Flight testing showed the twin lateral radiators to be inadequate; they were replaced by front-mounted radiators. Landing-gear deficiencies were the most persistent difficulty encountered during testing. The retractable landing gear regularly failed; resulting in wheels-up landings. The problem was never resolved, and testing was halted in mid-1935; the production contract for ten aircraft was cancelled.
In August 1936 the second prototype was re-engined with a 650 hp (485 kW) CLM Lille 6As, a licence-built Jumo 205 diesel engine. The diesel-powered aircraft, redesignated Bernard 86, was entered into the 1936 Paris-Saigon-Paris air race. The race was run in September, but the Bernard was not ready by then, so it was not used. There were no further flight tests; the units were scrapped.
Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft
- Crew: 3
- Length: 17.98 m (58 ft 11¾ in)
- Wingspan: 27.10 m (88 ft 11 in)
- Wing area: 90.00 m2 (968.75 ft2)
- Empty weight: 2823 kg (6224 lb)
- Gross weight: 5083 kg (11206 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 12Ybrs inline piston engine, 641 kW (860 hp)
- Maximum speed: 317 km/h (197 mph)
- Cruising speed: 260 km/h (162 mph)
- Range: 2800 km (1740 miles)
- Single or twin 7.7mm (0.303in) dorsal machine-guns
- 4×200kg (441b) and 2×100kg (220lb) bombs (internal)
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Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 1985. p. 638.