The Beretta Model 1918 was a submachine gun that entered service in 1918 with the Italian armed forces. Designed initially as a semi-automatic rifle, the weapon came with an overhead inserted magazine, an unconventional design based on the simplicity of allowing a spent round to be replaced using assistance from gravity. The gun was made from half of a Villar-Perosa aircraft submachine gun, and as such it can be considered the first submachine gun issued to and used by the Italian armed forces, and is possibly the first SMG used as a general-issue combat weapon.
|Beretta Model 1918|
Beretta Model 1918
|Place of origin||Kingdom of Italy|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||World War I|
World War II
|Mass||7 lb 3 oz (3.3 kg)|
|Length||43 in (1092 mm)|
|Barrel length||12 in (305 mm)|
|Action||Blowback, automatic only|
|Rate of fire||900 round/min cyclic|
|Muzzle velocity||1,275 ft/s (389 m/s)|
|Feed system||25 round detachable box|
Another variant was the semiautomatic Model 1918/30 with the magazine inserted underneath and came with a bayonet. The Model 1918/30 was also manufactured in Argentina by Hafdasa as the C-1, which formed the basis of the Ballester-Riguard submachine gun.
- Barrel rifling: 6 grooves with a right hand twist (6-right)
- Automatic carbine, cal. 9mm, having a barrel length of 12.5" and a magazine capacity of 25 rounds.