Benzothiophene

Benzothiophene is an aromatic organic compound with a molecular formula C8H6S and an odor similar to naphthalene (mothballs). It occurs naturally as a constituent of petroleum-related deposits such as lignite tar. Benzothiophene has no household use. In addition to benzo[b]thiophene, a second isomer is known: benzo[c]thiophene.[3]

Benzothiophene[1][2]
Names
IUPAC name
Benzo[b]thiophene
Other names
Benzo[b]thiophene. 1-benzothiophene
Thianaphthene
Benzothiofuran
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.178
EC Number
  • 202-395-7
RTECS number
  • 202-395-7
UNII
Properties
C8H6S
Molar mass 134.20 g·mol−1
Appearance White solid
Density 1.15 g/cm3
Melting point 32 °C (90 °F; 305 K)
Boiling point 221 °C (430 °F; 494 K)
Hazards
GHS pictograms
GHS Signal word Warning
H302, H411
P264, P270, P273, P301+312, P330, P391, P501
Flash point 110 °C (230 °F; 383 K)
Related compounds
Related compounds
Thiophene,
Indene, Benzofuran, Indole
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Benzothiophene finds use in research as a starting material for the synthesis of larger, usually bioactive structures. It is found within the chemical structures of pharmaceutical drugs such as raloxifene, zileuton, and sertaconazole, and also BTCP. It is also used in the manufacturing of dyes such as thioindigo.

References

  1. Merck Index, 11th Edition, 9232
  2. |FLUKA&N5=SEARCH_CONCAT_PNO|BRAND_KEY&F=SPEC 1-Benzothiophene at Sigma-Aldrich
  3. Cava, Michael P.; Lakshmikantham, M. V. (1975). "Nonclassical Condensed Thiophenes". Accounts of Chemical Research. 8: 139–44. doi:10.1021/ar50088a005.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
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