Benningen am Neckar

Benningen am Neckar is a municipality in the district of Ludwigsburg in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.

Benningen am Neckar

Coat of arms
Location of Benningen am Neckar
Benningen am Neckar
Benningen am Neckar
Coordinates: 48°56′42″N 09°14′33″E
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictLudwigsburg
Government
  MayorKlaus Warthon
Area
  Total4.87 km2 (1.88 sq mi)
Elevation
210 m (690 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total6,477
  Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
71726
Dialling codes07144
Vehicle registrationLB
Websitewww.benningen.de

History

By 85 AD, the Neckar-Odenwald line was the frontier of the Roman Empire. The Romans built the Limes Germanicus to secure this border. Along the border they built fortifications in regular distances, which included a small castrum on the south-eastern edge of today’s village. The mouth of the river Murr into the river Neckar played probably a role towards the choice of the site's strategic location.

Around 150 AD the border and the fort were moved to the east towards Murrhardt, but a civilian settlement remained in place. By 260 AD, the Alemanni had displaced the Romans and settled in the area. The name Benningen probably derives from the name of the clan leader, who could have been called the Bunno. In 779 the town was first mentioned as Bunninga, when the monastery of Fulda obtained some property there. Other landowners were the Lorsch Abbey and the Bishopric of Speyer.

In the year 1351 and finally in 1497 the community passed to Württemberg and belonged to the Office of Marbach. From 1718 the newly established city of Ludwigsburg became the new center of the region, and so Benningen was reclassified in 1762 as part of the Ludwigsburg district.

In 1579 the school principal of the grammar school in neighboring Marbach, Simon Studion, discovered Roman ruins and led an excavation. Systematic archaeological excavations of the Roman castrum and town were made by General Edward of Kallee in the 19th Century, who had recognised its strategic importance based on military considerations. His finds are now exhibited around the new City Hall, and inside the City Hall itself there is a Roman museum. Close by were found the remains of a Jupiter Column, which were typically crowned with a statue of Jupiter, usually on horseback, trampling down a Giant, often depicted as a snake. Another small museum in Benningen, which deals amongst other things with the Roman history of the place is the "Museum im Adler", housed in a former farm and inn from 1630.

Sons and daughters of the town

References

  1. "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.


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