Benito Juárez National Park

The Benito Juárez National Park is in the Valles Centrales Region of Oaxaca, Mexico, and includes parts of the municipalities of San Felipe Tejalapam and San Andres Huayapan. The southern boundary of the park is about 5 kilometers north of the City of Oaxaca. The park was established in 1937 during the presidency of General Lazaro Cardenas del Rio, and is named after President Benito Juárez, who was a native of Oaxaca.[1]


The park ranges from 1,650 to 3,050 meters above sea level. The climate is Coastal sub-humid and Temperate sub-humid. The main rivers that cross the park are the Huayapan and San Felipe rivers. Most of their water is piped to supply the city of Oaxaca.[2] The park covers 2,737 hectares, including the 3,111 meter high Cerro San Felipe, part of the Sierra Madre de Oaxaca.[1] There are pine and oak forests in the upper reaches of the mountain. Lower down there are scrub oaks, and tropical deciduous forest in the canyons.


The park is the main home of the dwarf jay (Cyanolyca nana), considered a vulnerable species. The boundaries of the park are not well delimited.[3] The park is threatened by livestock encroachment, illegal logging, forest fires and hunting. The pine-oak forests are being attacked by mistletoe, especially in the area adjacent to San Andrés Huayapan.[2] The sport of downhill cycling is popular within the park.[4]


  1. "National Park "Benito Juárez"". Oaxaca's Tourist Guide. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  2. "Benito Juarez National Park". PLANETA.COM. Archived from the original on 2010-04-28. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  3. "Dwarf Jay Cyanolyca nana". BirdLife International. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
  4. "Oaxaca de Juarez Travel Information". Traverse America. Retrieved 2010-07-13.

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