Benign hypertension or benign essential hypertension are historical terms that are considered misleading, as hypertension is never benign, and consequently they have fallen out of use (see history of hypertension). The terminology persisted in the International Classification of Disease (ICD9), but is not included in the current ICD10.
- McIver C (September 1964). "Blood pressure; a consideration of terminology". Can Med Assoc J. 91: 578–80. PMC 1927435. PMID 14175874.
- Beckman, Kenneth D. (March 2014). "How to document and code for hypertensive diseases in ICD-10". Family Practice Management. 21 (2): 5–9. ISSN 1531-1929. PMID 24693838.