Belley

Belley (French pronunciation: [bɛlɛ], Arpitan: Bèlê) is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Belley
Place des Terreaux, Belley

Coat of arms
Location of Belley
Belley
Belley
Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 5°41′00″E
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentAin
ArrondissementBelley
CantonBelley
IntercommunalityBugey Sud
Government
  Mayor (2015-2020) Pierre Berthet
Area
1
22.42 km2 (8.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
9,542
  Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Belleysans
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
01034 /01300
Elevation220–392 m (722–1,286 ft)
(avg. 306 m or 1,004 ft)
Websitewww.belley.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History

Belley is of Roman origin, and in the 5th century became an episcopal see. It was the capital of the province of Bugey, which was a dependency of Savoy till 1601, when it was ceded to France. In 1385 the town was almost entirely destroyed by an act of incendiarism, but was subsequently rebuilt by the dukes of Savoy, who surrounded it with ramparts of which little is left.[2]

Belley was the birthplace of the epicure Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Ecclesiastical history

Belley was the seat of the Bishop of Belley and the location of Belley Cathedral. Belley is the home region of St. Peter Chanel, the famous 19th-century Marist missionary martyr and proto-martyr of Oceania.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20068,466    
20078,665+2.4%
20088,750+1.0%
20098,749−0.0%
20108,755+0.1%
20118,761+0.1%
20128,870+1.2%
20138,909+0.4%
20148,983+0.8%
20159,058+0.8%
20169,133+0.8%

Economy

The town is famed for its cheese, la Tome de Belley, also known as Chevret or still "Le pavé d'Affinois". It is also at the centre of the Bugey wine region. It is also home to a sizeable Volvo production unit producing compact excavators, Comatel and Ciat.

Personalities


See also

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Belley". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 699.
  3. Life and Letters: Gertrude Stein's War: The New Yorker


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