Bawburgh (/ /,) is a village and civil parish in the South Norfolk district of Norfolk, England, lying in the valley of the River Yare about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Norwich city centre. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 466, increasing to 595 at the 2011 census. Bawburgh is very close to the relatively new Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital and the Bowthorpe Estate.
Signpost in Bawburgh
|Area||5.82 km2 (2.25 sq mi)|
|• Density||102/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
The name is first recorded as Bauenburc in 1086 and is from Old English 'stronghold of a man called Beawa.'
The mill at the centre of the village was the original site of the manufacture of Colman's mustard.
There is a pub called The King's Head.
Bawburgh is a significant location in the legend of St Walstan, the 10th-11th century patron saint of farm labourers. According to legend, Walstan was born at Bawburgh (or possibly Blythburgh in Suffolk) into a Saxon noble family circa 970, but at the age of 12 gave up his privileged life, choosing instead to work as a farm labourer in Taverham. His initial journey on foot from Bawburgh to Taverham took Walstan through Costessey, where he donated his noble garments to two passing peasants. After many years, Walstan's imminent death was foretold by an angel and he asked a priest for the last rites; no water was available but a miraculous spring welled up on the spot. On his death, Walstan's body was returned to Bawburgh on a cart drawn by two white oxen. The oxen stopped at Costessey, where a second spring gushed forth and at Bawburgh, where a third spring appeared. St Walstan's Well at Bawburgh is the only one of the legendary springs that remains identifiable. Walstan's body was taken into the church and Bawburgh became the centre of a cult of pilgrimage, with several miracles recorded.
Church of St Mary & St Walstan
The church of Bawburgh St Mary and St Walstan is one of 124 existing round-tower churches in Norfolk. St Walstan's Day is celebrated on an annual basis with a church service and walk to the nearby St Walstan's Well. The church is a Grade I listed building.. There is a canonical sundial on the south wall.
- G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 12.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- A.D. Mills, Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford UP, 2nd ed., 1998), p. 29.
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