Bavaria-Landshut

Bavaria-Landshut (German: Bayern-Landshut) was a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire from 1353 to 1503.

Bavaria-Landshut

Teilherzogtum Bayern-Landshut
1353–1503
Banner of Bavaria-Landshut[1]
Bavaria-Landshut (orange), with Bavaria-Munich (green), Bavaria-Ingolstadt (brown) and Bavaria-Straubing (grey); from 1392.
StatusDuchy
CapitalLandshut
GovernmentMonarchy
Duke of Bavaria-Landshut 
 1347–1375
Stephan II
 1375–1392
Johann II, Stephen III, and Friedrich
 1392–1393
Friedrich
 1393–1450
Heinrich XVI
 1450–1479
Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria
 1479–1503
Duke Georg of Bavaria
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 Established
June 3, 1353
1392
 Annexed Bavaria-Ingolstadt
1447
 Annexed by Bavaria-Munich and Palatinate-Neuburg
1503
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lower Bavaria
Bavaria-Munich
Palatinate-Neuburg

History

The creation of the duchy was the result of the death of Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian. In the Treaty of Landsberg 1349, which divided up Louis's empire, his sons Stephen, William, and Albert were to receive jointly Lower Bavaria and the Netherlands. Four years later the inheritance was divided again in the Treaty of Regensburg 1353; Stephen received the new duchy of Bavaria-Landshut.[1] In 1363 Stephen became also Duke of Upper Bavaria which was then re-united with Bavaria-Landshut. After Stephen's death his three sons ruled the duchy jointly. But in 1392 Bavaria-Landshut was divided for the three dukes and so Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Ingolstadt were split off.

In 1429 parts of Bavaria-Straubing were united with Bavaria-Landshut, as was the entire duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt in 1447. Bavaria-Landshut was then the richest part of Bavaria, also due to the mining in Rattenberg and Kitzbühel and the most modern administration. The seat of the dukes was the Trausnitz Castle in Landshut until 1475, when they moved to the second residence at Burghausen Castle.[2]

The duchy lasted overall 150 years until the death of Georg the Rich triggered the Landshut War of Succession. At the war's end in 1505, the land was divided between the newly created duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg and Bavaria-Munich.[3] Kufstein and Kitzbühel were ceded to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor as compensation for his support to Bavaria-Munich and then united with Tyrol.

References

  1. Duchy of Bavaria pre-1507 accessed on December 29, 2013. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de-by_el.html#blh
  2. Bavarian Palace Department. "Burghausen" accessed 29 December 2013. http://www.burg-burghausen.de/englisch/castle/entsteh.htm
  3. "Die Förderer" e.V. Landshut. "Georg the Rich". Landshut Hochzeit 1475, accessed on December 29, 2013. http://www.landshuter-hochzeit.de/en/the-festival/the-historical-context/georg-the-rich.html Archived 2013-12-30 at the Wayback Machine

1500AD Map of Bavaria-Landshut at http://www.euratlas.net/history/europe/1500/entity_5685.html

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