Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon

The Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon, or simply the Battle of Ojo Caliante was an engagement of the Jicarilla War on April 8, 1854. Combatants were Jicarilla Apache warriors, and their Ute allies, against the United States Army. The skirmish was fought as result of the pursuit of the Jicarilla after the Battle of Cieneguilla just over a week earlier.

Battle of Ojo Caliente Canyon
Part of the Jicarilla War, Apache Wars, Ute Wars
DateApril 8, 1854
Result United States victory
 United States Apache
Commanders and leaders
Philip St. George Cooke
Kit Carson
200 cavalry
100 infantry
32 native scouts[1]
~150 warriors
Casualties and losses
none 5 killed
6 wounded,[2][3]
This engagement should not be confused with the 1879 Battle of Ojo Caliente between Victorio's band and the 9th Cavalry.

See also


  1. Utley, Frontiersmen in Blue, pg.144-145
  2. Utley, Frontiersmen in Blue, pg.145
  3. Additionally some Jicarilla women and children and some of the Indians' horses drowned while crossing the Ojo Caliente River. Later the fleeing Indians without the food lost with their camp suffered from exposure and seventeen women and children perished in the snow. FORT UNION Historic Resource Study: CHAPTER THREE: MILITARY OPERATIONS BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR, and note 56


  • Utley, Robert M.. Frontiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848-1865, University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-9550-2.
  • Gorenfeld, Will, The Battle of Cieneguilla, Wild West magazine, Feb., 2008
  • Bennett, James A., Forts & Forays: A dragoon in New Mexico, 1850–1856, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1996, p 53
  • Carolyn, Larry E.. FORT UNION: Chapter Three: Military Operations Before the Civil War

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