Battle of Casas Grandes

The Battle of Casas Grandes was fought in March 1911 between the federal Mexican Army loyal to President Porfirio Diaz and rebels under Gen. Francisco Madero. Rebel forces attacked the town of Casas Grandes, Chihuahua, but were driven back by the federal garrison.

Battle of Casa Grandes
Part of the Mexican Revolution

Casas Grande in Chihuahua.
DateMarch 6, 1911
Location
Result Mexican victory
Belligerents
Maderistas Mexico
Commanders and leaders
General Francisco Madero Colonel Agustín A. Valdez
Colonel Samuel G. Cuellar
Strength
~600 rebels[1] ~1,100
infantry,
cavalry,
2 artillery pieces
Casualties and losses
58 killed,
unknown wounded,
41 captured
37 killed,
60 wounded

Battle

Francisco I. Madero was leading a rebel army of about 600 troops when he attacked Casas Grandes. Several of Madero's men were in fact American citizens from the border states. The garrison included just over 500 infantry who were commanded by Col. Agustín A. Valdez of Mexico's 18th Battalion. Gen. Madero and his men attacked the federal positions in Casas Grandes at 5:00 am. Fighting lasted for just over two hours until 7:15 am, when another Mexican government column of 562 men reinforced the already engaged 500 troops. With the reinforcing federals were two mortars, which were quickly put into use.

The battle continued for several hours more as the federals and rebels repulsed each other's counter-attacks. By 5:00 pm the battle was over when Gen. Madero ordered the retreat of his forces. The Mexican garrison lost 13 men killed in the battle and another 23 wounded. The reinforcing column lost 24 men and 37 injured, including their commander, Col. Samuel G. Cuellar. Both Gen. Madero and Col. Cuellar were wounded. The rebels lost 58 killed and an unknown number of wounded and 41 captured. Of the rebel casualties, 15 of the dead were Americans, along with 17 of the captured.

Aftermath

In addition to casualties, the rebels lost about 150 horses, 153 mules and 101 firearms. Madero blamed his scouts for his defeat at Casas Grandes. He later issued a statement saying that it was his scouts' inability to detect the reinforcing federal column that led to the defeat. All of the scouts were subsequently hanged under Gen. Madero's orders.

See also

References

  1. Alan Knight, The Mexican Revolution, 2 vols (Cambridge University Press, 1986), I, p. 187.
  • Rangel, Juan José Flores History of Mexico II Page# 37. Cengage Learning Editors (2003) ISBN 970-686-185-8

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