Barwice

Barwice [barˈvʲit͡sɛ] (German: Bärwalde) is a town in Poland, in West Pomeranian Voivodship, in Szczecinek County.

Barwice
Market Square (Rynek)

Flag

Coat of arms
Barwice
Coordinates: 53°44′N 16°21′E
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWest Pomeranian
CountySzczecinek
GminaBarwice
Area
  Total7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total3,838
  Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
78-460
Area code(s)+48 94
Car platesZSZ
Websitehttp://www.barwice.pl

Geographics

The town is located on the Baltic Uplands in Farther Pomerania at an altitude of about 150 to 180 meters above sea level within the upper region of the river Parsęta. 20 kilometers further south the Drawsko Pomorskie begins. The next larger city is Szczecinek.

Since in 1999 the rail road between Grzmiąca and Kostrzyn had been closed down, a rail connection to Barwice no longer exists.

History

The settlement is first mentioned as civitas Barwitz in historical records from 1286, when it was granted by Polish Duke Przemysł II to the Knights Templar, but since it is located in the vicinity of a pre-historical salt road leading to the saltworks of Kołobrzeg, it probably had been founded much earlier.

The town and its neighbouring villages became in 1477 under duke Bogislaw X (1454–1523) part of the Duchy of Pomerania. In the 16th century the town and the surrounding lands were in the possession of four noble families: von Glasenapp, von Wolde, von Zastrow and von Münchow. The oldest town seal is from 1564 and carries the inscription Sigillum civitatis Berwoldie.[1] During the second half of the 16th century, duke John Frederick (1542–1600) granted to the town the right to hold trade fairs three times a year.

In 1626 a blaze destroyed parts of the town, including both the town hall and the church. Because of this, the town was freed from tax paying for the next five years. During the Thirty Years' War the town was occupied in 1630 by Swedish military of Gustav II Adolph (1534–1632) and suffered heavy damages. During the Seven Years' War Russian troops devastated the town's archives within the town hall, so that all older historical documents went lost.[2]

Since 1766 five fairs per year were allowed to be arranged. In the 18th century, immigrants from France founded a tobacco factory in the town.

Between 1871 and 1945 the town was part of Germany. Before World War II it had been the site of a county court and of a customs office, and it had a secondary school. The local industry manufactured machinery and produced building materials made from sandstone. There existed both sawmills and grain mills. The town was a centre of agricultural trade, the main trade products being grain, potatoes and cattle.

In March 1945, shortly before the end of World War II, the town was captured by the Soviet Army. Under the terms of the Potsdam Agreement, the town became again part of Poland after the war.

Demographics

Number of inhabitants in years[3][4][5]
  • 1740: 472
  • 1783: 533; incl. 6 Jews.
  • 1794: 663; incl. 7 Jews.
  • 1812: 804; incl. 6 Catholics and 34 Jews.
  • 1816: 854; incl. 5 Catholics and 59 Jews.
  • 1831: 1,180; incl. 6 Catholics and 85 Jews.
  • 1843: 1,571; incl. 3 Catholics and 129 Jews.
  • 1852: 1,741; incl. 4 Catholics and 143 Jews.
  • 1861: 1,964; incl. 8 Catholics and 180 Jews.
  • 1900: 2,338
  • 1925: 2,530
  • 2004: 3,876

Notable people

References

Literature
  • Gustav Kratz: Die Städte der Provinz Pommern - Abriß ihrer Geschichte, zumeist nach Urkunden. Berlin 1865 (reprinted in 1996 by Sändig Reprint Verlag, Vaduz/Liechtenstein, ISBN 3-253-02734-1; reprinted in 2011 by Kessinger Publishing, U.S.A., ISBN 1-161-12969-3), pp. 18–19. (in German, online).
Notes
  1. Kratz (1865), p. 18 (in German)
  2. Christian Friedrich Wutstrack: Nachtrag zu der Kurzen historisch-geographisch-statistischen Beschreibung von dem königlich-preußischen Herzogtum Vor- und Hinterpommern. Stettin 1795, p. 228 (in German)
  3. Kratz (1865), p. 19 (in German)
  4. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. 6th edition, vol. 2, Leipzig and Vienna 1906, p. 411 (in German).
  5. Der Große Brockhaus. 15th edition, vol. 2, Leipzig 1929, p. 341 (in German).
  6. IMDb Database retrieved 24 October 2018


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