Baroville

Baroville is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.[2]

Baroville
The town hall in Baroville

Coat of arms
Location of Baroville
Baroville
Baroville
Coordinates: 48°11′35″N 4°43′19″E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentAube
ArrondissementBar-sur-Aube
CantonBar-sur-Aube
IntercommunalityBar-sur-Aube
Government
  Mayor (20082020) Marie-Noëlle Rigollot
Area
1
17.32 km2 (6.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
324
  Density19/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10032 /10200
Elevation200–260 m (660–850 ft)
(avg. 219 m or 719 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barovillois or Barovilloises.[3]

Geography

Baroville is located some 25 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 5 km south-east of Bar-sur-Aube. Access to the commune is by the D70 road from Saint-Usage in the south-west which passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D396 north of the commune. The D170 goes east from the village to join the D396 on the eastern border of the commune where the D396 goes south forming part of this border. The commune is farmland in the west centre and forested in the east with the edge of a large forest on the western side.[4][5]

The Aube river passes close to the eastern border of the commune but does not touch the commune.[4][5]

Toponymy

The village is mentioned in 1095 under the name Basnoville or Barosvilla.[6]

The names in all Merovingian and Carolingian areas that end in -ville are derived from the Low Latin villa meaning "farm" or "domain" preceded by a Germanic personal name is most often the case. This is the case for Baro according to and Ernest Nègre and Albert Dauzat.[6][7]

The name is homonymous with Barville, Normandy. The person's name is also found in Baromesnil, a commune of Upper Normandy.

History

Baroville appears as Baroville on the 1750 Cassini Map[8] and the same on the 1790 version.[9]

In 1789 Baroville came under the stewardship of the Généralité de Châlons, the Electoral district of Bar-sur-Aube, the bailiwick of Chaumont and the Chatellerie of Jaucourt. During the intermediate period in the French Revolution the commune was part of the canton of Couvignon until Year IX. It was part of the Diocese of Langres and the Deanery of Bar-sur-Aube.

Heraldry

Blazon:

Sable, a bend chequy Argent and Gules of 2 tiers; in chief Vert debruised by a crozier Or itself debruised by the bend, between in chief two bunches of grapes the same stalked and leaved Argent.

Administration

List of Successive Mayors[10]

FromToNamePartyPosition
1857Boucard
20012020Marie-Noëlle Rigollot

(Not all data is known)

Demography

In 2010 the commune had 342 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
439 492 474 566 684 650 670 640 692
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
664 671 670 675 663 650 617 560 568
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
497 476 415 382 370 334 309 316 325
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
358 367 333 350 333 329 342 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Economy

Viticulture is the main activity of the village. Baroville is one of 320 municipalities eligible for the Appellation d'origine contrôlée "Champagne". With its 217 hectares (Source: CIVC 2006) Baroville has the largest vineyards in the Bar-sur-Aube area and has over fifty vineyards. The vines are planted on a series of six valleys and include the traditional grape varieties (90% Pinot Noir, 2% Pinot Meunier and 8% Chardonnay).

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune is the location of a fortified house in the valley of Morvaux which was the summer residence of the Abbots of Clairvaux in the 18th century. It was destroyed during the French Revolution.

Religious heritage

The Parish Chiurch of Saint Stephen (18th century) has been rebuilt and has preserved the apse of the old church from the end of the 12th century. It contains a very large number of objects that are registered as historical objects. A complete list of these objects with links to photos and descriptions (in French) can be seen here.

Notable people linked to the commune

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References

  1. "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. Baroville on Lion1906
  3. Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
  4. Baroville on Google Maps
  5. Baroville on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
  6. Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 926, ISBN 9782600001335 (in French).
  7. Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (in French)
  8. Baroville on the 1750 Cassini Map
  9. Baroville on the 1790 Cassini Map
  10. List of Mayors of France (in French)
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