Barmen is a former industrial metropolis of the region of Bergisches Land, Germany, which merged with four other towns in 1929 to form the city of Wuppertal. Barmen, together with the neighbouring town of Elberfeld founded the first electric suspended monorail tramway system, the Schwebebahn floating tram. Barmen was a pioneering centre for both the early industrial revolution on the European mainland, and for the socialist movement and its theory. It was the location of one of the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany, KZ Wuppertal-Barmen, later better known as Kemna concentration camp.[1]

Oberbarmen (Upper Barmen) is the eastern part of Barmen, and Unterbarmen (Lower Barmen) the western part.


The asteroid 118173 Barmen is named in its honour, celebrating the 1934 Synod which issued the Barmen Declaration defining Protestant opposition to National-Socialist ideology.

People from Barmen

Rudolf Carnap was born in Barmen (born 18 May 1891 – died 14 September 1970) (source:, a member of the Vienna Circle positivists, and an important contributor to the exporting of logical positivism to the USA

Historical population

1591around 1,000
1640around 1,900
1800around 12,000
1 December 187586,504
1 December 1890116,144[2]
1 December 1900141,947
1 December 1910169,214
1 December 1919156,326
16 June 1925187,099


  1. David Magnus Mintert, Das frühe Konzentrationslager Kemna und das sozialistische Milieu im Bergischen Land (PDF) Ruhr University Bochum, doctoral dissertation (2007), pp 144–145. Retrieved January 14, 2012 (in German)
  2. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barmen" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

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