Barkston Ash (UK Parliament constituency)

Barkston Ash was a parliamentary constituency centred on the village of Barkston Ash in the West Riding of Yorkshire (now part of West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire). It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Barkston Ash
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851983
Number of membersone
Replaced byElmet, Selby and Harrogate[1]
Created fromEastern West Riding of Yorkshire

History

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and in the main returned Conservative MPs at every general election until its abolition. However, it was briefly represented by the Liberal Joseph Andrews, who won the seat at a by-election in October 1905 after the death of its first MP, Sir Robert Gunter. The Conservatives regained the seat at the 1906 general election.

At the 1983 general election, Barkston Ash was replaced by the Selby constituency. As of the 2010 general election, the modern equivalent of Barkston Ash is Selby and Ainsty.

Boundaries

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of-

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Garforth and Selby, the Rural Districts of Bishopthorpe, Selby, Tadcaster, and Wetherby, and in the Rural District of Great Ouseburn the parishes of Acomb, Hessay, Knapton, Moor Monkton, Nether Poppleton, Rufforth, and Upper Poppleton.

1950–1983: The Urban Districts of Garforth and Selby, the Rural Districts of Selby and Wetherby, the Rural District of Tadcaster except the parishes of Great and Little Preston, and Swillington, and in the Rural District of Nidderdale the parishes of Hessay, Knapton, Moor Monkton, Nether Poppleton, Rufforth, and Upper Poppleton.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMemberParty
1885 Robert Gunter Conservative
1905 Joseph Andrews Liberal
1906 George Lane-Fox Conservative
1931 Sir Leonard Ropner Conservative
1964 Michael Alison Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Selby

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1885: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gunter 4,600 63.1 N/A
Liberal Thomas Bayley 2,694 36.9 N/A
Majority 1,906 26.2 N/A
Turnout 7,294 86.7 N/A
Registered electors 8,411
Conservative win (new seat)
General election 1886: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gunter Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gunter 4,161 58.8 N/A
Liberal Archibald Witham Scarr[4] 2,920 41.2 N/A
Majority 1,241 17.6 N/A
Turnout 7,081 76.0 N/A
Registered electors 9,322
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gunter Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Gunter Unopposed
Conservative hold
1905 Barkston Ash by-election[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Andrews 4,376 51.3 N/A
Conservative George Lane-Fox 4,148 48.7 N/A
Majority 228 2.6 N/A
Turnout 8,524 83.5 N/A
Registered electors 10,212
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election January 1906: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Lane-Fox 4,894 53.5 N/A
Liberal Joseph Andrews 4,246 46.5 N/A
Majority 548 7.0 N/A
Turnout 9,140 88.9 N/A
Registered electors 10,286
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Lane-Fox 5,299 53.9 +0.4
Liberal Frederic Horne 4,540 46.1 -0.4
Majority 759 7.8 +0.8
Turnout 90.5 +1.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.4
General election December 1910: Barkston Ash [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Lane-Fox 5,066 53.7 -0.2
Liberal Frederic Horne 4,372 46.3 +0.2
Majority 694 7.4 -0.4
Turnout 86.8 -3.7
Conservative hold Swing -0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Barkston Ash [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist George Lane-Fox 12,365 61.2 +7.5
Liberal John Albert Rhodes 6,809 33.7 12.6
Independent Labour Dennis Milner 1,035 5.1 N/A
Majority 5,556 27.5 +20.1
Turnout 20,209 61.4 25.4
Registered electors 32,919
Unionist hold Swing +10.1
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Barkston Ash[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Lane-Fox Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1923: Barkston Ash[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Lane-Fox 12,932 49.1 N/A
Labour George Lewis Ward 7,964 30.3 N/A
Liberal John Lambert 5,425 20.6 N/A
Majority 4,968 18.8 N/A
Turnout 26,321 76.1 N/A
Registered electors 34,604
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1924: Barkston Ash[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Lane-Fox 16,817 58.6 +9.5
Labour William Dobbie 11,894 41.4 +11.1
Majority 4,923 17.2 1.6
Turnout 28,711 80.2 +4.1
Registered electors 35,792
Unionist hold Swing 0.8
General election 1929: Barkston Ash [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Lane-Fox 20,116 52.3 6.3
Labour Co-op George Woods 18,321 47.7 +6.3
Majority 1,795 4.6 12.6
Turnout 38,437 80.2 -
Registered electors 47,940
Unionist hold Swing 6.3

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 27,924 65.69
Labour Co-op George Woods 14,585 34.31
Majority 13,339 31.38
Turnout 84.37
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 25,714 60.88
Labour Co-op Frank Smithson 16,525 39.12
Majority 9,189 21.75
Turnout 78.54
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 24,438 50.12
Labour Bertie Hazell 24,322 49.88
Majority 116 0.24
Turnout 75.56
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1950: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 25,199 57.50
Labour Bertie Hazell 18,626 42.50
Majority 6,573 15.00
Turnout 87.34
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 25,155 57.57
Labour Herbert Victor Wiseman 18,537 42.43
Majority 6,618 15.15
Turnout 85.05
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 24,194 57.30
Labour Geoffrey Rhodes 18,027 42.70
Majority 6,167 14.61
Turnout 81.09
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leonard Ropner 26,200 58.42
Labour Robert W Bowes 18,647 41.58
Majority 7,553 16.84
Turnout 82.37
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1964: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 27,897 58.82
Labour Norman Holding 19,533 41.18
Majority 8,364 17.63
Turnout 81.43
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 28,183 56.34
Labour Stan Cohen 21,841 43.66
Majority 6,342 12.68
Turnout 79.85
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1970: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 35,198 59.6 +3.3
Labour E. Keith Grime 23,861 40.4 -3.3
Majority 11,337 19.2
Turnout 59,059 75.6 -4.3
Conservative hold Swing -3.3
General election 1974 February: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 33,979 49.0 -10.6
Labour John Muir 20,782 30.0 -10.5
Liberal Duncan Paige 14,618 21.1 +21.1
Majority 13,197 19.0
Turnout 69,379 83.5 +7.9
Conservative hold Swing -0.1
General election 1974 October: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 30,498 48.0 -1.0
Labour John Muir 20,557 32.4 +2.4
Liberal Duncan Paige 12,483 19.7 -1.4
Majority 9,941 15.6
Turnout 63,538 75.8 -7.7
Conservative hold Swing -1.7
General election 1979: Barkston Ash
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Alison 40,381 56.3 +8.3
Labour John Muir 21,670 30.2 -2.2
Liberal Philip Pughe-Morgan 7,909 11.0 -8.6
Ecology David Corry 1,829 2.6 +2.6
Majority 18,711 26.1
Turnout 71,789 78.1 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing +5.3

See also

References

  1. "'Barkston Ash', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  2. Redistribution of Seats Act 1885
  3. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. Luxton, Jane. "Archibald Witham Scarr 1827-1904". Friends of Lawnswood Cemetery. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 511. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
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