Barbara Joan Pariente (born December 24, 1948) is an attorney and jurist from Florida. She was chief justice of the Florida Supreme Court from July 1, 2004, until June 30, 2006. Pariente is the second woman to hold the position of chief justice and served on the court from 1997 to 2019. From 1993 to 1997 she was a judge on Florida's Fourth District Court of Appeal.
|Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida|
July 1, 2004 – June 30, 2006
|Preceded by||Harry Lee Anstead|
|Succeeded by||R. Fred Lewis|
|Justice of the Supreme Court of Florida|
December 10, 1997 – January 7, 2019
|Appointed by||Lawton Chiles|
|Preceded by||Stephen H. Grimes|
|Succeeded by||Robert J. Luck|
|Born||December 24, 1948|
New York City, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Fred A. Hazouri|
|Residence||West Palm Beach, Florida|
|Alma mater||Boston University (B.A.)|
George Washington University Law School (J.D.)
Early life and education
Pariente was born in New York City in 1948. She attended public schools in New York and lived in Tenafly, New Jersey, where she graduated from Tenafly High School in 1966. She attended Boston University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in communications with the highest honors. Pariente later attended the George Washington University Law School, receiving her law degree in 1973, graduating fifth in her class, and was elected a member of the Order of the Coif.
Clerkship and private practice
In 1973, Pariente moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida for a two-year clerkship under Judge Norman C. Roettger, Jr. of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.
After finishing her clerkship in 1975, Pariente moved to West Palm Beach and joined the civil law firm of Cone, Wagner and Nugent, becoming a partner in 1977. In 1983, Pariente formed the law firm of Pariente & Silber. During Pariente's 18 years in private practice, she was active in the Florida Bar—serving on the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Grievance Committee, Florida Bar Civil Rules Committee, and Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Nominating Commission—and organized Palm Beach County's first Bench-Bar Conference.
Pariente also was a founding member and master of the Palm Beach County chapter of the American Inns of Court and was a longtime member of the board of directors of the Palm Beach County chapter of the Legal Aid Society.
Service on the Fourth District Court of Appeal and Florida Supreme Court
In September 1993, Pariente was appointed to Florida's Fourth District Court of Appeal by Governor Lawton Chiles(D). She served on the district appellate court until December 10, 1997, when Chiles appointed her a justice of the Florida Supreme Court.
During Pariente's term on the court she had worked to reform the family law system in Florida and served as liaison and later the chair of the Supreme Court's Steering Committee on Families and Children in the Courts. Pariente was also a member of the Governor's Advisory Committee on Character Education (1999) and the Florida Bar's Commission on the Legal Needs of Children (2000–2002).
In March 2003, Pariente was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent a radical double mastectomy and a full course of chemotherapy. During her treatment, she was noted for never missing an oral argument or judicial conference. Her decision after treatment to sit on the bench without wearing a wig during televised court proceedings was widely hailed as a breakthrough for other women in treatment.
Pariente was the author of the 2004 decision in Jeb Bush v. Michael Schiavo, which ruled unconstitutional a law passed by the Republican-controlled Florida Legislature authorizing Governor Jeb Bush to intervene in the Terri Schiavo case.
In January 2006, Pariente authored a decision in Jeb Bush v. Ruth Holmes, ruling one of Florida's three school voucher programs unconstitutional. As a result, some Republican legislators pledged to campaign against Pariente in November, when she faced a routine merit retention vote. While no organized campaign against Pariente's retention resulted, no Florida judge has ever been removed from office as a result of organized campaigns. In the 2006 general election, Pariente won retention by receiving 67.6% of the vote. She won retention again in 2012 by a similar margin, despite organized opposition from several groups and the state Republican Party.
Awards and honors
- Pariente is Jewish and has received the Palm Beach County Jewish Federation's Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998 and the Jewish Museum's "Breaking the Glass Ceiling" award in 2002.
- Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award (George Washington University, 2006)
- On March 11, 2008, Florida Governor Charlie Crist inducted Justice Pariente into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame.
- Coutros, Evonne. "Ex-Tenafly Classmates Give Justice High Marks", The Record (Bergen County), November 21, 2000, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 4, 2012. Accessed October 9, 2018. "'You try to put yourself in her shoes and identify with the incredible task and responsibility she has,' said Jeff Riedl, a Wyckoff lawyer who, like Pariente, was a member of Tenafly's class of 1966."
- Pudlow, Jan. "Barbara J. Pariente, Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court" Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Florida Bar Journal, October 2004 at Florida Supreme Court. Accessed October 11, 2015. "She worked at the snack shack at Tenafly High School, and Susanne Pariente remembers her older sister debated with their dad about politics."
- "Recent Case: Florida Supreme Court Declares State's School Voucher Program Unconstitutional" (PDF). Harvard Law Review. 120: 1097. 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2017.