Bangladesh Coast Guard

The Bangladesh Coast Guard (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ কোস্ট গার্ড (BCG) is the maritime law enforcement force of Bangladesh. It is a paramilitary force which is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Its officers are transferred from the Bangladesh Navy. The Bangladesh Coast Guard also performs the duty of maritime border security of Bangladesh. The headquarters is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Currently the coast guard has 3,339 personnel[1] and 63 ships.[2] A huge modernisation plan named Coast Guard Goal 2030 has been undertaken to enhance its capabilities.

Bangladesh Coast Guard
বাংলাদেশ কোস্ট গার্ড
বাংলাদেশ উপকূল রক্ষক
Bangladesh Coast Guard Force Crest
Active1995– present
AllegianceConstitution of the People's republic of Bangladesh
BranchCoast Guard
TypeCoast guard
Size3,339 personnel,[1] 63 Ships[2]
Coast Guard Directorate GeneralDhaka, Bangladesh
Motto(s)"Guardian at Sea"
সমুদ্রের অভিভাবক
ColorsGold, Blue         
Anniversaries12 December
DG Bangladesh Coast GuardRear admiral M Ashraful Haq, (C), NUP, ndc, afwc, psc, BN
Bangladesh Coast Guard Ensign
Racing stripe


The Bangladesh Navy had been performing the duties of a Coast Guard in addition to own duties of maritime defence since 1994. As time passed, the growing responsibility and workload became inconvenient for the Bangladesh Navy, with the increasing volume of policing duties at sea taking away from its primary role. The emergence of the Bangladesh Coast Guard was the result of the growing awareness in the Government for the requirement of a separate service to enforce national laws in the waters under national jurisdiction and ensure safety of life and property at sea. Following this the Coast Guard Act 1994 was passed by the Parliament in September 1994. Formally the Bangladesh Coast Guard in its present shape came into being on 14 February 1995 and started operational activities with two patrol craft received from Bangladesh Navy. The force is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard motto is 'Guardian at Sea'.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard is a unique force that carries out an array of civil and military responsibilities touching almost every facet of the Bangladesh maritime environment. The force now has a zone, three bases, 18 stations, 10 outpost, 57 different categories of water vessels and eight pontoons along with 3,339 manpower.[1][2]

Role and mission

Over 90% of Bangladesh exports and imports pass through two sea ports at Chittagong and Mongla. Sea-lines communication to these two sea ports are the life lines of the Bangladesh economy. UNCLOS 1982 has made provision for sovereign rights for exploration and exploitation of living and non-living resources in the Bangladesh EEZ. The fishery sector contributes an important part of national export earning. A significant quantity of gas has been discovered at Sangu in the Bay of Bengal, the extraction of which has already started. Apart from these, a vast number of ships and craft of various types and sizes operate at sea for trade, commerce, fishing, research, exploration and extraction of oil, gas and minerals and so on. To exercise effective control, to ensure safety and security and protect national and international maritime interest at sea, all these diverse activities are brought under various national and international laws and acts.


Control piracy, illegal trafficking, protect fishery, oil, gas, forest resources and environmental pollution in Bangladesh waters and coastal areas, ensure overall security and law and order through security assistance to sea ports, conduct relief and rescue operation in the coastal areas during natural calamity



  • Preserve national interest at sea
  • Fishery protection
  • Prevent illegal immigration through the sea
  • Pollution control
  • Piracy control
  • Prevent smuggling, trafficking of illegal arms, drugs and narcotics
  • Disaster relief operations
  • Search and rescue operations
  • Preservation of forest
  • Surveillance over the sea areas of Bangladesh
  • Carry out any other duty assigned by the government


  • Assist Bangladesh Navy during war

Area of jurisdiction

The area of jurisdiction of the Bangladesh Coast Guard is the sea territory of Bangladesh as declared under the Territorial and Maritime Zone Act, 1974. The Bangladesh Government being a signatory has ratified UNCLOS, 1982.

Areas of Jurisdiction in the Bay of Bengal are:

  • Internal Waters
  • Territorial Water
  • Contiguous Zone
  • Exclusive Economic Zone
  • Continental Shelf

Apart from the sea territory of Bangladesh, the government has also placed the waterways of the mangrove forest of Sundarban and major rivers up to Dhaka under the jurisdiction of the Coast Guard.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard has the following zonal command: East, West, South and the Dhaka sub zone.

Command and control


Appointment Rank and Name
Director General Rear Admiral M Ashraful Haq, (C), NUP, ndc, afwc, psc, BN
Deputy Director GeneralCommodore M Shahjahan, (N), NPP, ndc, psc, BN
Director (operations)Captain Rakib Uddin Bhuiyan
Director (Plan & Acquisition)Captain M Mamunur Rashid
Director (Personnel)Captain M Mosayed Hossain
Director (Engineering)Captain M Nurul Islam Sharif
Director (Logistics)Captain Abdul Monaim Kudrotullah
Director (IT & Communications)Captain M Ehsan Ullah Khan
Judge Advocate GeneralCaptain M Sanaul Noman

Zonal commands

Appointment Rank and Name
Zonal Commander (Dhaka Zone)Commander Abu Taher Mohammad Rezaul Hassan (C), BCGM, PCGMS, BN
Zonal Commander (East Zone)Captain Waseem Maqsood, (G), psc, BN
Zonal Commander (West Zone)Captain Minarul Hoque, (H), psc, BN
Zonal Commander (South Zone)Captain S M Moyeen Uddin, (H1), psc, BN

Director Generals


Type Quantity Note
Offshore Patrol Vessel (Corvette)4
Fast Attack Craft (Gun)4
Coastal Patrol Craft5
Riverine Patrol Craft6
Defender-class boat35
Metal shark boat9
Aluminum Workboat6
Harbour Patrol Boat4

Future modernisation plan

The Bangladesh government has started a massive modernisation plan named Coast Guard Goal 2030 to make Coast Guard a well-trained and well-equipped force to ensure the security of the coastal area. The expansion of the force manpower is also included in the plan.

The Bangladesh government has purchased four Minerva-class ships from Italy for the Coast Guard. The ships will be transformed into offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) before arriving in Bangladesh.[3] Already two vessels are in service and the remaining two were delivered in 2017.

The Bangladesh Coast Guard has signed a contract with Dockyard and Engineering Works Limited for the construction of four inshore patrol vessels (IPVs) of two types and two fast patrol boats (FPBs). Another contract has been signed for three Padma-class patrol vessel with Khulna Shipyard in 2016.[4] A floating crane also under construction there.

Coast guard ordered six X12 high speed boats which will be built at Narayanganj Dockyard with technical assistance from Indonesia. These ships are made of carbon composite and have a length of 11.7 metres (38 ft) and a speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph).

The formation of Coast Guard aviation wing is under process. The force has a plan to procure 10 helicopters for patrolling and search and rescue (SAR) operations within 2025.[5]

Coast guard also wants to be a technologically advanced outfit in monitoring the sea. It has a long term plan of installing Long-range identification and tracking (LRIT) and Vessel Traffic Management Information System (VTMIS) systems by 2025.[5]


  1. "'Continue effort to trafficking of drugs and humans'". 14 February 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  2. "Govt committed to giving 'Blue Economy' concept into reality: PM". Bangladesh Awami League. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  3. "Purchase committee okays procurement of four ships for Coast Guard". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. 4 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  4. "3 X INSORE PATROL VESSEL". Khulna Shipyard. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  5. "Increasing the Coast Guard's capacity". The Independent. Dhaka. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.