Bangladesh Civil Service

Bangladesh Civil Service (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ সিভিল সার্ভিস), more popularly known by its acronym BCS, is the civil service of the Government of Bangladesh. It originated from the Central Superior Services of Pakistan. Since independence it has been known by Act as Bangladesh Civil Service. Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) is the main policy setting and recruitment body of BCS.[1] BCS has 28 cadre services. In the parliamentary democracy of Bangladesh, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But the handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and civil servants carry out this policy.

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The civil bureaucracy is a colonial legacy in this part of the world. The British used to rule the native population through Indian Civil Service (ICS) and most of the officers in ICS were British themselves. It was in the early 20th Century that the Indians also started competing against the British and many Indians eventually made it to the ICS. With the partition of India in 1947, the term 'Central Superior Services' was used in Pakistan and the concept of All-Pakistan Services continued. After the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, Bangladesh Civil Service is formed to gear up the government system of the newly born country by an act from the then President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Formation of the Commission

Bangladesh Public Service Commission a constitutional body established primarily recruit persons for various services and posts in the government. It is also involved in decision processes relating to other service matters such as promotion, posting, transfer, discipline, and appeal of the government servants. The main purpose of constituting such a body, designated in most countries of British heritage as 'civil' or 'public' service commission, is to ensure that all decisions relating to recruitment and other service matters are made consistent with the principles of merit and equity. In Bangladesh, this body is presently designated as the Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC).

A commission called Public Service Commission was first established in India in 1926, when it was entrusted with functions almost similar to those of its British counterpart in London, particularly in matters of recruitment of public servants of the central government of British India. Similar provincial level commissions were subsequently established, including the Bengal Public Service Commission in 1937, following the formation of responsible governments in the provinces in pursuance of provisions made in the Government of India Act, 1919, and thereafter in the Government of India Act, 1935. After the partition of India in 1947, replicas of the Public Service Commission in British India were created in Pakistan, both at central and provincial levels. Hence a body designated as Public Service Commission, Eastern Pakistan (renamed later East Pakistan Public Service Commission) came into being in East Bengal (later named East Pakistan) in August 1947. After the emergence of Bangladesh two separate commissions, namely the Public Service Commission (First), and the Public Service Commission (Second), were initially established in May 1972 under provisions made in President's Order No. 34 of 1972. But to give effect to the provisions on public service commissions in the constitution adopted in November 1972, a fresh Presidential Order (President's Order No. 25 of 1973) was promulgated in March 1973 which in effect formally regularized the establishment of the two commissions in existence since May 1972. However, in November 1977 the government promulgated another ordinance to establish a single commission in place of the existing two commissions, which, in effect, came into being on 22 December 1977 and was designated as Bangladesh Public Service Commission.[2]

Constitutional structure

The Constitution of Bangladesh provides the fundamental law to construct The Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC), a quasi judicial body that works under the provisions of the Article 137 – 141 of the Constitution of Bangladesh and certain other rules and regulations made by the government from time to time.[3] Bangladeshi Nationals are recruited through the provisions of the constitution from article 133 to 136[4] and article 29.[5]


Head of the Civil Service

The highest ranking civil servant is the Chief of the Cabinet Secretariat of the People's Republic of Bangladesh who is also the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Superior Selection Board and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of Bangladesh. He also holds the 12th position in the Warrant of Precedence of Bangladesh. Cabinet Secretary is appointed from Bangladesh Civil Service (Administration) Cadre, known as Bangladesh Administrative Service.

[6] Present Cabinet Secretary of the Republic is Mr. Mohammad Shafiul Alam. He is the 21st Cabinet Secretary to the government of Bangladesh.

The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Service is equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges it faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment.

Sl Name[7] Year
1Hossain Toufique Imam1971 to 1975
2Shafiul Azam1975 to 1976
3Abdul Momen Khan1976 to 1977
4M. Keramat Ali1977 to 1982
5Mohammad Mahbubuzzaman1982 to 1986
6Md. Mujibul Hoque1986 to 1989
7M. K. Anwar1990 to 1991
8Md. Siddiqur Rahman1991 to 1992
9M. Ayubur Rahman1992 to 1996
10Syed Ahmed1996 to 1997
11Ataul Haque1997 to 1998
12Qazi Shamsul Alam1998 to 2001
13Dr. Akbar Ali Khan2001 to 2002
14Dr. Kamal Uddin Siddique2002 to 2002
15Dr. Saadat Husain2002 to 2005
16A S M Abdul Halim2005 to 2006
17Md. Abu Solaiman Chowdhury2006 to 2006
18Ali Imam Majumder2006 to 2008
19M Abdul Aziz2008 to 2011
20M Musharraf Hossain Bhuiyan2011 to 2015
21Mohammad Shafiul Alam2015 to present


Bangladesh Civil Service can be classified into two types- General Cadres and Technical/Professional Cadres.

Professional cadres

DepartmentDesignation (after joining)
Roads & HighwaysAssistant Engineer
Public WorksAssistant Engineer
Public Health EngineeringAssistant Engineer
ForestAssistant Conservator of Forest
HealthAssistant Surgeon / Medical Officer
Railway EngineeringAssistant Engineer
LivestockVeterinary Surgeon / Upazila Livestock Officer
FisheriesUpazila Fisheries Officer
StatisticsStatistical Officer
General EducationLecturer
Technical EducationLecturer
Information Radio, TechnicalAssistant Radio Engineer [lower-alpha 1]
Agriculture)Agricultural Extension Officer(DAE)
Scientific Officer (SRDI)
Assistant Director(DAM)
FoodAssistant Maintenance Engineer/Equivalent Posts
EngineerAssistant Maintenance Engineer/Equivalent Posts
Information GeneralAssistant Director/Information Officer
  1. This cadre has both general and technical category posts

Examination system

BCS Examination is the top most competitive job examination in Bangladesh .On an average, 150,000 to 225,000 candidates apply every year and the percentage of candidates appearing is more than 90%. Aspirants must complete a three-stage process, with a final success rate of about 2% for all cadres and 0.5% for general cadres, although it varies from years to years exam.

See also


  1. "BCS". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  2. Ahmed, Syed Giasuddin (2012). "Bangladesh Public Service Commission". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  3. Public Service Commission. "Civil Service of Bangladesh". Bangladesh Public Service Commission. BPSC. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. Cabinet Secretariat, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh (23 October 2013). "Complete List of Cabinet Secretaries since 1971". Dhaka: Cabinet Division, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
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