Banarsi Prasad Saxena

Banarsi Prasad Saxena (aka Banarsi Prasad Saksena) was a historian associated with Allahabad University.

Saksena was awarded a PhD by University of London, School of Oriental Studies in 1931.[1][2] He later became head of the departments of history in both the University of Allahabad[3][4] and University of Jodhpur.[5]

He was an expert on Emperor Shah Jahan, and his magnum opus Shah Jahan of Dilli (The subject of his PhD.) is regarded as the most authoritative text of that period and has run to several editions.[6][7][8] Along with R.P. Tripathi he was noted as one of the major historians of the 'Allahabad School'.[9][10] The idea of a "composite culture" in India, emphasizing mutual interactions between Hindu and Muslim communities in Indian history rather than treating the two communities as competitors with each other, was a particular contribution of this school.[11]

Selected publications

  • Saksena, B. P. (1932), History of Shah Jahan of Dihli. (Reprinted several times including 1962, 1968, and 1975.)
  • Saksena, B. P. (1941), "A Few Unnoticed Facts about the Early Life of Malik Amber", Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, 5.
  • Saksena, B. P. (1956), Historical Papers Relating to Kumaon 1809–1842, Allahabad.
  • Saksena, B. P. (1970), "Firuz Shah Tughluq", in Habib, Mohammad; Nizami, K. A. (eds.), Comprehensive History of India, 5.


  1. Sarker, Sunil Kumar (1994), Himu, the Hindu "Hero" of medieval India: against the background of Afghan-Mughal conflicts, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors, p. 3, ISBN 978-81-7156-483-5.
  2. History of Shahjahan of Dihli, WorldCat, retrieved 2011-01-06.
  3. Srivastava, Ashok Kumar (1981) Hindu society in the sixteenth century: with special reference to northern India, Milind
  4. Avasthy, Rama Shanker (1967) The Mughal Emperor Humāyūn (See page i "Dr Banarsi Prasad Saksena Former Prof. & Head of the Department of History at the University of Allahabad, Allahabad")
  5. National Council of Educational Research and Training (1964) Annual Report, India
  6. Gale Encyclopedia of Biography (2006) Shah Jahan
  7. Williams, Joanna Gottfried (1981), Kalādarśana: American studies in the art of India, Studies in South Asian Culture, ix, Leiden: E.J. Brill, p. 5, The Standard history in English is B.P. Saksena.
  8. Asher, Catherine B (1992) Architecture of Mughal India, Part 1, Volume 4 - (See page 346, "The best secondary source remains Banarsi Prasad Saksena, History of Shahjahan")
  9. Hasan, Farhat (1995), "Book review: The New Cambridge History of India, 1.5- The Mughal Empire", Modern Asian Studies, 29 (2): 441–447, doi:10.1017/s0026749x00012816, JSTOR 312822.
  10. Chaturvedi, Heramb (2008) Emergence of Nationalist Historiography and the historians of Allahabad
  11. Mukhia, Harbans (1983), "Communalism and the Writing of Medieval Indian History: A Reappraisal", Social Scientist, 11 (8): 58–65, JSTOR 3517050.

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