|Regions with significant populations|
|10,000 (1970s estimate)|
|Related ethnic groups|
The population's members trace their origins to diverse groups; primarily coastal Jareer a descendant of slaves Bantus enslaved by somalis merchants. And they trace their origins to the Khoisanoid hunter-gather groups, as well as later additions such as Arab, Persian and Somalis immigrants. Some also have Indonesian ancestry.
The Bajuni follow the laws of Islam to conduct their affairs. Almost all are Shafite Muslims. Their lives revolve around the mosque and daily prayer. In the course of saying five prayers a day, they also wash at least five times. Every Muslim parent insists on giving his child the basic Islamic education. A Muslim judge, or kadhi, handles the criminal and civil disputes of the community.
When a child is born, it is held up by the father, a friend, or a teacher, who recites the traditional call of prayer into its ear. From the moment of birth, the child is instructed in the basic teachings of Islam. Men are the working breadwinners. A woman's place among the Bajuni is usually within the home. She customarily leaves the house only to visit or to go to the market. Her visiting is done late in the afternoon when the housework is finished and the children are playing. The husbands like to gather at a men's meeting place or the mosque.
The Bajuni are traditionally fishermen and sailors. Some also pursue other trades such as metalwork.
End of colonisation, Civil War and inclusion in peace talks
The Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard) contains several records of land ownership and rights discussions. This official record, dated Jun 24 - Jul 30, 1971 documents a discussion of traditionally Bajuni lands (Lamu, Kenya) and dissenting opinions as to ownership. In the official record of May 28 - Jul 4, 1974, there were questions regarding what government actually had jurisdiction over the Bajuni tribal lands.
With the downfall of the Somali government in 1991, Bajuni people experienced abandonment by both the Somalia and Kenyan governments. The Bajuni refer to this period as "The Troubles". This marginalization led Chairman of the Bajuni, Hon. Mohamed Ismail Barkale (Maxamed Ismaaciil Barkaale) to petition I.G.A.D. (Africa's Intergovernmental Authority on Development) for the lawful rights of the Bajuni people in December 2003, as documented at www.somalitalk.com. Barkale was made a delegate to the 2003 Somali peace talks, see 193. Hon. Mohamed Ismail Barkale List of members of the Somali Transitional Federal Parliament.
- Archived November 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Nurse, p.6.
- Abdullahi, p.11.
- Mwakikagile, p.102.
- Gregory Norton, Flyktningeråd (Norway). Land, property, and housing in Somalia. Norwegian Refugee Council. p. 52.
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- "Somalia - Trusteeship and Protectorate: The Road to Independence". Countrystudies.us. 1971. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-03-14. Retrieved 2015-10-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "The Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard)". July 1974: 1118. Cite journal requires
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- "Somalitalk.com Online Community:". Somaliatalk.com. 2003-12-04. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
- Abdullahi, Mohamed Diriye (2001). Culture and customs of Somalia. Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-313-31333-2.
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- Nurse, Derek; Thomas J. Hinnebusch; Gérard Philipson (1993). Swahili and Sabaki: a linguistic history. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-09775-0.
- "Trusteeship and Protectorate: The Road to Independence". U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Kenya Gains Independence". The Learning Network, The New York Times. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Nurse, Derek (2011). "Bajuni: people, society, geography, history, language" (PDF). Memorial University. Open Publishing. Retrieved 23 October 2015..
- "War-1-3, December,Mbagathi,Nairobi. Beesha Baajuun oo ku dagaalantey in lagu" [War-1-3, December, Mbagathi, Nairobi. Community Baajuun in dagaalantey to] (in Somali). December 2003. Retrieved 23 October 2015.