Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 200

Site 200 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used by Proton rockets. It consists of two launch pads, areas 39 and 40. Area 39 is currently (as of 2019) used for Proton-M launches, including commercial flights conducted by International Launch Services. Area 40 is currently (as of 2019) inactive, as it was slated to be rebuilt as a launch site for the Angara rocket. Although the project was relocated to Site 250, Area 40 was not put back into service.

Site 200
A Proton-M with the ExoMars on LC-200/39
Launch siteBaikonur Cosmodrome
OperatorRVSN, VKS, RKA
Total launches227
Launch pad(s)2
Min / max
orbital inclination
49° – 99°
Site 200/39 launch history
First launch20 February 1980
Proton-K/D / Raduga 6
Last launchEutelsat 5 West B / MEV-1
Proton-M (active)
Site 200/40 launch history
First launch23 July 1977
Proton-K/D / Raduga 3
Last launch31 March 1991
Proton-K/D / Almaz 1

A number of planetary probes have been launched from Site 200. Venera 14, Venera 15, Vega 1, Fobos 1, the failed Mars-96, and ExoMars were launched from area 39. Venera 13, Venera 16, Vega 2, Fobos 2 were launched from Area 40. Area 39 was also the launch site for the core of the Mir space station, along with both Kvant modules, and the Kristall module. Salyut 7 and Granat were launched from Area 40.


  • Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC200/39". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 14 September 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2008.
  • Wade, Mark. "Baikonur LC200/40". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2008.

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