Bad Freienwalde

Bad Freienwalde is a spa town in the Märkisch-Oderland district in Brandenburg, Germany.

Bad Freienwalde
St Nicolas Church and town hall

Coat of arms
Location of Bad Freienwalde within Märkisch-Oderland district
Bad Freienwalde
Bad Freienwalde
Coordinates: 52°47′08″N 14°01′57″E
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictMärkisch-Oderland
Subdivisions7 Ortsteile
Government
  MayorRalf Lehmann (Ind.)
Area
  Total131.73 km2 (50.86 sq mi)
Elevation
10-158 m (−508 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total12,365
  Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
16259
Dialling codes03344
Vehicle registrationMOL, FRW, SEE, SRB

Geography

The town is situated on the Alte Oder, an old branch of the Oder River at the northwestern rim of the Oderbruch basin and the steep rise of the Barnim Plateau. It is located 15 km (9.3 mi) east of Eberswalde, and 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Berlin, near the border with Poland.

Bad Freienwalde has an Evangelical and a Roman Catholic church as well as manufacturers of furniture and machinery. The neighbouring forests and its medicinal springs make it a favorite summer resort of Berlin inhabitants. A new tower commands a fine panoramic view over the Oder valley.

The municipal area comprises the following villages: Altranft, Altglietzen, Bralitz, Hohensaaten, Hohenwutzen, Neuenhagen and Schiffmühle.

History

The settlement of Vrienwalde in the Margraviate of Brandenburg was first mentioned in a 1316 deed and appeared as a town in 1364. From 1618, the Freienwalde manor was directly held by the Brandenburg prince-electors (Kurfürsten).

A mineral spring was discovered in 1683. The alchemist Johann Kunckel brought it to the attention of the "Great Elector" Frederick William of Brandenburg, who, gout-ridden, arrived in Freienwalde the next year. Recorded by the physician Bernhardus Albinus in 1685, the Kurfürstenquelle became the foundation of Freienwalde's rise as a spa town. Frederick William's son King Frederick I of Prussia had a first maison de plaisance erected by the architect Andreas Schlüter.

The development was further promoted, when in 1799 the small Neoclassical Freienwalde Castle was built according to plans by David Gilly as a summer residence of Princess Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, the widow of King Frederick William II of Prussia. Its park was redesigned by Peter Joseph Lenné in 1822. The industrialist and politician Walther Rathenau acquired the palace in 1909, it was nationalised after his assassination in 1922. Freienwalde achieved the official status of spa town (Bad) in 1925.

Notable people

Demography

Bad Freienwalde (Oder): Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 15,003    
1890 17,076+0.87%
1910 19,016+0.54%
1925 18,825−0.07%
1933 18,873+0.03%
1939 19,850+0.84%
1946 18,611−0.92%
1950 20,867+2.90%
1964 19,077−0.64%
1971 18,769−0.23%
1981 17,455−0.72%
1985 17,023−0.62%
1989 16,963−0.09%
1990 16,659−1.79%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 16,393−1.60%
1992 16,126−1.63%
1993 16,034−0.57%
1994 15,753−1.75%
1995 15,624−0.82%
1996 15,500−0.79%
1997 15,324−1.14%
1998 15,189−0.88%
1999 15,058−0.86%
2000 14,808−1.66%
2001 14,543−1.79%
2002 14,360−1.26%
2003 14,107−1.76%
2004 13,940−1.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 13,739−1.44%
2006 13,538−1.46%
2007 13,315−1.65%
2008 13,136−1.34%
2009 12,964−1.31%
2010 12,788−1.36%
2011 12,656−1.03%
2012 12,491−1.30%
2013 12,403−0.70%
2014 12,382−0.17%
2015 12,406+0.19%
2016 12,316−0.73%
2017 12,327+0.09%
2018 12,365+0.31%

International relations

Bad Freienwalde is twinned with:

References

Media related to Bad Freienwalde at Wikimedia Commons

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