BMW 132

The BMW 132 was a nine-cylinder radial aircraft engine produced by BMW starting in 1933.

BMW 132
Preserved BMW 132E
Type Radial engine
Manufacturer BMW
First run 1933
Major applications Junkers Ju 52
Number built >21,000

Design and development

BMW took over a license for manufacturing air-cooled radial engines from Pratt & Whitney on 3 January 1928. The nine-cylinder model Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet was initially manufactured virtually unchanged under the designation BMW Hornet.

Soon BMW embarked on its own development. The result was the BMW 132 that went into production in 1933, which was essentially an improved version of the Hornet engine. A number of different versions were built. Aside from the carburetor designs used mainly in civilian aircraft, versions with direct fuel injection were manufactured for the German Luftwaffe. The engines had a displacement of 27.7 L (1,690 cu in) and generated up to 960 PS (950 hp; 710 kW) depending on model.

The 132 found widespread use in the transport role, remaining the primary powerplant of the Junkers Ju 52 for much of its life, turning the BMW 132 into one of the most important aircraft engines for civilian aircraft during the 1930s.

Numerous pioneering flights were undertaken with the BMW 132. The most impressive was the first direct flight from Berlin to New York in a four-engined Focke-Wulf 200 S-1 Condor. It covered the distance to New York in 24 hours and 57 minutes on 10 August 1938.


725 PS (715 hp, 533 kW)
850 PS (838 hp, 625 kW)
880 PS (868 hp, 647 kW)
960 PS (947 hp, 706 kW)
865 PS (853 hp, 636 kW)
730 PS (720 hp, 537 kW)
ENMA Beta B-4 (Spanish license-built version)
(9E-C29-775) 785 PS (775 hp, 578 kW)[1]


Specifications (BMW 132 Dc)

General characteristics

  • Type: Nine-cylinder single-row supercharged air-cooled radial engine
  • Bore: 155.6 mm (6 18 in)
  • Stroke: 161.9 mm (6 38 in)
  • Displacement: 27.7 l (1,690 in³)
  • Length: 1,411 mm (55.55 in)
  • Diameter: 1,380 mm (54.33 in)
  • Dry weight: 525 kg (1,157 lb)



See also

Related development

Related lists



  • Bingham, Victor (1998). Major Piston Aero Engines of World War II. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-84037-012-2.
  • Gunston, Bill (2006). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines: From the Pioneers to the Present Day (5th ed.). Stroud, UK: Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-4479-X.
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