BL 7.5-inch Mk II – V naval gun

The BL 7.5-inch Mk II–Mk V guns[note 1] were a variety of 50-calibre naval guns used by Britain in World War I. They all had similar performance and fired the same shells.

Ordnance BL 7.5-inch Mk II–Mk V guns
Turrets for HMS Shannon under construction at the Vickers Works, Barrow
TypeNaval gun
Coast defence gun
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Service history
In service1905–20
Used byRoyal Navy
British India
WarsWorld War I
Production history
VariantsMks II, II*, II**, III, IV, V
Specifications
Mass14½ - 16 tons barrel & breech
Barrel length375 inches (9,520 mm); (50 calibre)

Shell200 pounds (90.7 kg)
Calibre7.5 inches (191 mm)
Muzzle velocity2,765 to 2,840 feet per second (843 to 866 m/s)[1]
Maximum firing range14,200 yards (13,000 m)[2]

History

Mark II

Mark II guns were originally developed to suit India's coast defence requirements. During World War I several reserve guns made for India but still in the UK were employed as coast defence guns in the UK. They were scrapped or sent to India soon after the war.[3]

Marks II*, II**, V

These were built and employed specifically as naval guns and were mounted as secondary armament as a heavier alternative to 6-inch guns, on the following ships :

Mark III

Mark III guns were built by Elswick Ordnance to arm the battleship Constitución they were building for Chile. Britain acquired them by default when she bought Constitución in 1903 to avoid the risk of the ship being acquired by Russia. Constitución became HMS Swiftsure in British service.

Swiftsure was decommissioned in 1917 and her guns were used for coast defence in Britain, as siege guns on the Belgian coast near Nieuport for attacking German batteries, and on M15-class monitors.

Mark IV

Mark IV guns were made by Vickers for the battleship Libertad they were building for Chile. Britain acquired them by default in 1903 when she bought Libertad together with Constitución. Libertad became HMS Triumph in British service.

Surviving examples

See also

Notes

  1. Britain used Roman numerals to designate versions or models ("Mark" abbreviated as "Mk") until after World War II. Hence this articles covers the second through fifth model/version/Mark of British BL 7.5-inch naval guns

References

  1. Mk II (coast defence) : 2840 ft/second with 62 lb 12 oz cordite MD size 26 (Special for India)(Hogg & Thurston 1972 page 151); Mk II* & V : 2800 ft/second with 61 lb cordite MD size 26 ; Mk III & IV : 2765 ft/second with 54 lb 4 oz cordite MD size 26 (Range Tables for His Majesty's Fleet, 1910 February 1911) & Treatise on Ammunition 1915.
  2. Mk II coast defence gun. Hogg & Thurston 1972, p. 151
  3. Hogg & Thurston 1972, p. 150

Bibliography

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