Bạc Liêu Province

Bạc Liêu Province (Vietnamese: [ɓàːk liəw] (listen)) is a province of Vietnam. It is a coastal province, and is situated in the Mekong Delta region of the southern part of the country.

Bạc Liêu Province

Tỉnh Bạc Liêu
Bạc Liêu windpower farm
Location of Bạc Liêu within Vietnam
Coordinates: 9°15′N 105°45′E
Country Vietnam
RegionMekong Delta
CapitalBạc Liêu
  Total2,468.7 km2 (953.2 sq mi)
  Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
  EthnicitiesKinh, Khmer, Hoa
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes291
ISO 3166 codeVN-55


Bạc Liêu is derived from Teochew name Po Liaw (薄遼) meaning “meagre hamlet”

Administrative divisions

Bạc Liêu is subdivided into seven district-level sub-divisions:

  • 5 districts:
  • 1 district-level town:

They are further subdivided into seven commune-level towns (or townlets), 50 communes, and seven wards.


Bạc Liêu is generally thought of as being in the Mekong Delta, although it is actually located slightly to the south of the Mekong's main outflows. Bạc Liêu is around 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of Cần Thơ, the largest city in the Mekong Delta.


The most important parts of Bạc Liêu's economy are rice farming, fishing, food processing, and clothing manufacturing.


After the Fall of Saigon, 30 April 1975, Bạc Liêu Province and Cà Mau Province were merged into one new entity called Minh Hải Province. Although it is presently located in Vietnam, the area used to be a part of the Khmer Empire which ruled most of Indochina many centuries ago. It is still home to many ethnic Khmer people in addition to a large ethnic Teochew Chinese population.[2] In 1996, Minh Hai Province was split into two, with the northeast becoming Bạc Liêu Province and the southwest becoming Cà Mau Province.


Vọng cổ, an important song in the traditional music of southern Vietnam, was composed in Bạc Liêu around 1918 or 1919.


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