Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province

Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu (Hanoi accent: [ɓa˨˩ ziə˨˧ vuŋm˧ˀ˥ taːw˨˩] (listen), Saigon accent: [ɓa˨˩ riə˨˧ vuŋm˧˩˧ taːw˨˩] (listen)) is a province of Vietnam. It is located on the coast of the country's Southeast region. It also includes the Côn Đảo islands, located some distance off Vietnam's southeastern coast. From 1954 to 1975, this province belonged to South Vietnam with the name Phước Tuy.

Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province

Tỉnh Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu
Nickname(s): 
A Place to Dock Boats
Location of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu within Vietnam
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province
Location within Vietnam
Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province
Location within Asia
Coordinates: 10°35′N 107°15′E
Country Vietnam
RegionSoutheast
Metropolitan areaHo Chi Minh City metropolitan area
CapitalBà Rịa
Former seatVũng Tàu (until 2 May 2012)
Government
  People's Council ChairNguyễn Hồng Lĩnh
  People's Committee ChairNguyễn Thành Long
  Secretary of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Party CommitteeNguyễn Hồng Lĩnh
Area
  Total1,989.5 km2 (768.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
  Total1,148,313
  Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demographics
  Ethnic groups97.53% Vietnamese[2]
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes64 (until 16 July 2017)
254 (from 17 June 2017)
ISO 3166 codeVN-43
Websitewww.baria-vungtau.gov.vn

History

With the exception of the Côn Đảo islands, all of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province was once a part of Đồng Nai Province to the north. In 1979, Vũng Tàu was broken away from Đồng Nai and merged with the Côn Đảo islands (formerly part of Hậu Giang Province), forming the new Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo "special zone". Later, in 1992, Bà Rịa broke away from Đồng Nai Province, merging with Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo to form the modern province of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu.[3]

Climate

The Province has a tropical monsoon climate with 2 distinct seasons: a rainy season from May to October, and a dry season from November to April. The average annual temperature is 27 °C (81 °F), ranging from an average monthly temperature of 24.8 °C (76.6 °F) to an average monthly temperature of 28.6 °C (83.5 °F). The Province receives 2,400 hours of sunshine per year while it receives an annual precipitation of 1,500 mm (59 in).[4]

Administrative divisions

Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu is subdivided into eight district-level sub-divisions:

  • 6 districts:
  • 1 district-level town
  • 2 provincial cities:

They are further subdivided into six commune-level towns (or townlets), 47 communes, and 29 wards.


District-level sub-divisions Bà Rịa
City
Vũng Tàu
City
Phú Mỹ
Town
Châu Đức
District
Côn Đảo
District
Đất Đỏ
District
Long Điền
District
Xuyên Mộc
District
Area (km²) 91.5[5] 141.1 333.84[6] 422.6 76 189.6[7] 77 640.9[8]
Population 205,192 527,025 221,030 143,306 8,360 76,659 140,485 162,356
Density (people/km²) 1,338 3,635 720 339 110 404 1,825 253
Administrative divisions 8 wards, 3 communes[5] 16 wards, 1 communes 5 wards, 5 communes 1 townlet, 15 communes 16 islands 2 townlets, 6 communes 2 townlets, 5 communes 1 townlets, 12 communes
Year of establishment 2012[5] 1992[9] 2018[6] 1994[6] 1991 2003 2003 1976
Source: Website of Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu Province
History of developing
population
YearPopulation
1995708,900
1996730,400
1997752,700
1998775,600
1999805,100
2000829,900
2001858,000
2002880,800
2003899,100
2004918,900
2005938,800
2006955,700
2007970,200
2008983,600
2009998,500
20101,012,000
20111,027,200
20171,098,794
20191,148,313
Source:[10]

Demographics

According to 2015 statistics from the General Statistics Office of Vietnam, the province has a population of 1,072,600.[1] Urbanization in the province is above the country's average (50.52%).[11]

Economy

Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu provincial economic activities include: petroleum (the most important), electricity at the Phú Mỹ Power Plants and Bà Rịa Power Plant (accounting for approx. 40% of the country's total power capacity), petrochemicals: Phú Mỹ Urea Plant (800,000 metric tonnes per year), polyethylene (100,000 metric tonnes per year), steel production, and cement production. Tourism, commerce and fishing are also important economic activities of the province. Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu contributes greatly to the country's budget. In 2005, it accounted for around 24 percent of Vietnam's budget (42,000 billion dong) of a total of 180,000 billion dong (exchange rate is 16,000 dong/dollar), ranking second, after Ho Chi Minh City before Hanoi (28,000 billion dong in 2005). The provincial GDP per capita ranks second to none in the country, over $4,000, if excluding petroleum GDP, it is over $2,000 (Hồ Chí Minh City ranks second with this index $1,850). In term of living standards, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu ranks third, behind Hồ Chí Minh City and Hanoi.

Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu is also one of the leading direct foreign investment (FDI) attractions of Vietnam, in the top five of FDI acquisition provinces of Vietnam. In tourism, there are some big projects licensed or to be licensed soon: Saigon Atlantis resort (capitalized USD 300 million), Vũng Tàu Aquarium and Bàu Trũng entertainment park ($500), and Xuyên Mộc safari ($200).

Tourism

Vũng Tàu is an important tourist destination, being particularly well known for its beaches, for its colonial-era architecture, and the Christ of Vũng Tàu, a large statue built by Vietnam's Catholic minority. It was completed in 1974, with the height of 32 metres and two outstretched arms spanning 18.4 metres. It is among the tallest statues of Christ in Asia. Among the most famous tourist destinations are the existing very popular and crowded beaches of Vũng Tàu and Long Hải and the new up and coming destinations of Hồ Tràm and Hồ Cốc located further along the South China Sea coast. The main media agency in the province is the Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Daily Newspaper.

Determining tourism as one of the pillars of local socio-economic development, in early 2017, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu province decided to re-establish the Tourism Department. By the end of the year, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Provincial Party Committee had issued a resolution on developing high-quality tourism, which aimed to develop the tourism infrastructure and improve the quality of tourism products and services in the direction of modernity and difference, while ensuring a safe, civilized and friendly tourist environment. According to Trinh Hang, Director of the Tourism Department of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu province, since its establishment, the Tourism Department has advised the Provincial People's Committee on many plans such as the census of tourist accommodation establishments throughout the province, the plan on enhancing the management of tourist destinations, the plan on regulations to select tourism establishments with the title "Meeting the standards for tourist service", the plan on regulations to manage the beaches, and completing the master plan on tourist development of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu province by 2025, with a vision to 2030. With the efforts of the provincial tourism industry and local authorities, the image of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu tourism has created a positive impression for visitors. Many other visitors to Vũng Tàu at this time have also been impressed by the changes in the destination. Vũng Tàu tourism is very much regaining its prestige and class.[12]

Infrastructure[13]

BRVT serves as a major trade gateway for Vietnam due to its proximity to industrial zones, port complex, major highways, and transshipment routes. Infrastructure investments in the province have not only increased connectivity within the province but also with neighboring economic hubs such as Ho Chi Minh City and Đồng Nai Province.

Ports

BRVT is a major gateway for international shipments in Southeast Asia, due to the Cai Mep- Thi Vai port complex. The port system ranks among the major ports in the region and one of only 19 in the world capable of handling 190,000 deadweight tonnage (DWT) vessels.

Container ships from this port complex are capable of transporting goods to Europe as well as North America. In addition, the province is also around 70 km from Ho Chi Minh City’s Cat Lai port.

The government is also planning to increase investments in the development of terminals and road infrastructure to increase connectivity, efficiency, and port capacity.

Airports

The Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City is less than 90 km from the province and around 70 km from the Cai Mep – Thi Vai port complex.

In addition, the new Long Thanh International Airport which is under construction is only around 30 minutes from the port complex and 50 km from the province.

Highways

The province has access to major national highways such as National Highway 51 and National Highway 1A. In addition, expressways such as Ho Chi Minh City – Long Thanh – Dau Giay Expressway, Bien Hoa-Vung Tau expressway, and Ben Luc-Long Thanh highway (to open in 2020) further increase connectivity with the surrounding provinces.

Within the province, the connectivity between ports or industrial zones with the national roadway systems is supported by numerous regional highways, port roads, and industrial zone roads.

Industrial Zones

As of August 2018, there are 15 industrial parks in BRVT, including nine which are operational with an average occupancy rate of 47 percent. There are currently 339 projects in local industrial parks, including 162 foreign and 177 domestic projects.

The locality is also home to two industrial parks that specialize in supporting industries, Phu My 3 and Da Bac.

International relations

Sister cities

There are 11 sister cities/regions of Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province:[14]

City/Region Since
Parramatta, Australia30 September 1993
South Jeolla12 May 1997
Rostov, Russia28 February 2000
Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia9 September 2000
Goyang, South Korea31 July 2003
Ansan, South Korea17 August 2004
Northern Territory, Australia19 September 2007
Nova Scotia, Canada30 November 2009
Pohang, South Korea9 March 2010
Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia31 October 2010
Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan15 September 2012

Festival

  • Nghinh Co Festival at Dinh Co Shrine (12th day of the second lunar month)[15]
  • Sea Festival[16]
The fair in this festival will also showcase products and promote cooperation between businesses in industry, agriculture, trade and services in the province and neighboring provinces. Several seminars and workshops on trade and tourism promotion, as well as environmental protection, will be organised
  • International Kite Festival (held annually since 2009 in Vũng Tàu City)

References

  1. "Số liệu thống kê – Diện tích, dân số và mật độ" [Interractive statistics tables – Area, population and density] (in Vietnamese). General Statistics Office of Vietnam. Archived from the original (To access, click the desired location in column 1 (Địa phương), click "2015" in column 2 (Năm), and click the desired field in column 3 (Chỉ tiêu): click Diện tích for Area, Dân số for Population, and Mật độ dân số for Population density) on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  2. "Area and Population". Ba Ria-Vung Tau People's Committee. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. "History – Ba Ria". Vung Tau Portal. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  4. "Natural Conditions – Ba Ria". Vung Tau Portal (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  5. Về việc thành lập thành phố Bà Rịa thuộc tỉnh Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu, Trang Chính phủ.
  6. Theo Nghị định 45-CP, văn bản bổ sung.
  7. Căn cứ Luật Tổ chức Chính phủ ngày 25 tháng 12 năm 2001, Theo Thư Viện Pháp Luật.
  8. Dân số Huyện Xuyên Mộc vào năm 2007, Theo Công Đoàn Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu.
  9. Mít tinh kỷ niệm 20 năm thành lập – Vũng Tàu, Cổng thông tin thành phố Vũng Tàu.
  10. Dân số trung bình phân theo địa phương qua các năm, Theo Tổng cục thống kê Việt Nam.
  11. "Diện tích và dân số" [Area and population] (in Vietnamese). Ba Ria-Vung Tau People's Committee. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  12. "vietnamtourism.gov.vn".
  13. "An Economic Overview of Ba Ria – Vung Tau Province". Vietnam Briefing News. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  14. Sở Ngoại Vụ Tỉnh Bà Rịa – Vũng, Tàu (1 November 2019). "Danh mục các thỏa thuận quốc tế – Hợp tác quốc tế – Sở Ngoại Vụ Tỉnh Bà Rịa". Vũng Tàu (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  15. Websoft.vn. "Festivals in Ba Ria – Vung Tau". Vietnamtourism (in Latin). Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  16. "Bà Rịa – Vũng Tàu Province's Sea Festival kicks off". vietnamnews.vn. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
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