Ayuntamiento (Spanish pronunciation: [aʝuntaˈmjento]) is the general term for the town council, or cabildo, of a municipality or, sometimes, as is often the case in Spain and Latin America, for the municipality itself. Ayuntamiento is mainly used in Spain; in Latin America alcaldía is also for municipal governing bodies, especially the executive ones, where the legislative body and an executive one are two separate entities. In Catalan-speaking parts of Spain, municipalities generally use the Catalan cognate, ajuntament, while Galician ones use the word concello, Astur-Leonese conceyu and Basque udaletxea. Since ayuntamiento is a metonym for the building in which the council meets, it also translates to "city/town hall" in English.
Historically ayuntamiento was often preceded by the word excelentísimo ("most excellent"), when referring to the council. This phrase is often abbreviated "Exc.mo Ay.to ". Other names for ayuntamiento have been casa de cabildo, casa capitular, casa consistorial and casa del concejo.
Local legislative body
In Latin America several terms exist for the legislative bodies of municipalities. The term consejo is used in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Peru. In Mexico the term ayuntamiento is for the council (which refers to itself as the H. Ayuntamiento, or el Honorable Ayuntamiento). Puerto Rican municipalities have a legislatura municipal. In Peru the term ayuntamiento is never used; instead, it is municipalidad, consejo provincial or consejo distrital (district council). Executive functions in most of these countries is handled by an executive alcalde, the mayor (not to be confused with the historic alcalde, who was a magistrate).
- Geoffrey Pivateau, "Ayuntamiento," Handbook of Texas Online , accessed July 18, 2012. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
- Aida R. Caro de Delgado. El Cabildo o Régimen Municipal Puertorriqueño en el Siglo XVIII: Tomo I, Organización y Funcionamiento. p. 173.
- Hoy, Bill (1993). Spanish Terms of the Sonoran Desert Borderlands. Inst. for Border Studies, San Diego State Univ. p. 22.
The municipio government usually calls itself the Honorable Ayuntamiento, abbreviated as H. Ayuntamiento.
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