Awarai

The Awarai (Warray) are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

Language

The Norwegian explorer Knut Dahl wrote down a short list of vocabulary of the Awarai language.

Country

The Awarai tribal lands took in some 1,400 square miles (3,600 km2) of territory, between Mount Shoebridge and the Central Tableland.[1] Their northern boundary was 46 miles south of Darwin,[lower-alpha 1] on the Darwin River near the Adelaide–Darwin railway line and 10 miles north of Rum Jungle. The southern limits were at Brocks Creek, where their border met that of the Awinmul.[3]

Social organization

The Warai had arrangements to supply the Wogait with women for marriage.[4]

People

According to Norman Tindale, they stood in fear of the Agigondin horde of the Wulwulam, which however incorporated them eventually as a subtribe.[3]

Alternative names

  • Warai, Warei, Warrai
  • Awarrai, Awarra[5]

Some words

  • nguk (1) tobacco )2) shit.[6]

Notes

  1. 'Between some tribal areas there is a seemingly neutral zone or strip where members of more than one tribe may travel without the imputation of trespass. Parkhouse (1936:18) has drawn attention to one such belt between the Larakia tribe whose southern boundary ostensibly lies at Darwin River, 43 miles (74 km.) south of Darwin while the northern boundary of the Awarai horde of the Wulwulam is on a branch of the Finniss River 54 miles (86 km.) south of the same place.'[2]

Citations

  1. Dahl 1926, p. 128.
  2. Tindale 1974, p. 77.
  3. Tindale 1974, p. 224.
  4. Dahl 1926, pp. 128,173.
  5. Tindale 1974, p. 221.
  6. Dahl 1926, p. 174.

Sources

  • Dahl, Knut (1926). In Savage Australia: An Account of a Hunting and Collecting Expedition to Arnhem Land and Dampier Land (PDF). London: P. Allen & Sons.
  • Eylmann, Erhard (1908). Die Eingeborenen der Kolonie Südaustralien (PDF). Berlin: D.Reimer.
  • Mathews, R. H. (1901). "Ethnological notes on the aboriginal tribes of the Northern Territory". Queensland Geographical Journal. 16: 69–90.
  • Parkhouse, T. A. (1895). "Native tongues in the neighbourhood of Port Darwin". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 19: 1–18.
  • Spencer, Baldwin (1914). Native tribes of the Northern Territory of Australia (PDF). London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Awarai (NT)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University.
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