Australian New Wave

The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australian Cinema) was an era of resurgence in worldwide popularity of Australian cinema, particularly in the United States. It began in the early 1970s and lasted until the mid-late 1980s. The era also marked the emergence of Ozploitation, a film genre characterised by the exploitation of colloquial Australian culture.

Background

The Australian film industry declined after World War II, coming to a virtual stop by the early 1960s. The Gorton (1968–71) and Whitlam Governments (1972–75) intervened and rescued the industry from its expected oblivion.[1] The federal and several state governments established bodies to assist with the funding of film production and the training of film makers through the Australian Film, Television and Radio School, which fostered a new generation of Australian filmmakers who were able to bring their visions to the screen. The 1970s saw a huge renaissance of the Australian film industry. Australia produced nearly 400 films between 1970 and 1985, more than had been made in the history of the Australian film industry.[1][2]

In contrast to pre-New Wave films, New Wave films are often viewed as fresh and creative, possessing "a vitality, a love of open spaces and a propensity for sudden violence and languorous sexuality". The "straight-ahead narrative style" of many Australian New Wave films reminded American audiences of "the Hollywood-maverick period of the late 1960s and early '70s that had just about run its course".[3]

Notable films

1970s

1980s

Notable figures

Many filmmakers and actors launched international careers through their work in the Australian New Wave.

Legacy

Several films of the Australian New Wave are regarded as classics of world cinema and have been ranked among films considered the best. Published in 2004, The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made includes Walkabout, Mad Max, Breaker Morant, Gallipoli, Mad Max 2, The Year of Living Dangerously and Dead Calm.[87] In 2008, Empire magazine chose Mad Max 2 and The Year of Living Dangerously as two of the 500 Greatest Movies of All Time, ranking in at #280 and #161 respectively.[88] The 2011 book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die features Walkabout, Picnic at Hanging Rock, The Last Wave, The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith, My Brilliant Career, Mad Max and Gallipoli (winner of multiple AACTA Awards awards [89]).[90] Since its re-release in 2009, Wake in Fright has been assessed as one of, if not the greatest, Australian New Wave film.[91][92][93]

The term "glitter cycle" refers to a subgenre of eccentric Australian comedies that came to prominence in the early 1990s, spurning a post-new wave revival of Australian film. These films are noted for their celebration of Australian popular culture, camp aesthetic, colourful makeup and costuming, and musical performance pieces. Prominent glitter films include Strictly Ballroom (1992), Muriel's Wedding (1994), The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert (1994) and Love Serenade (1996). Other prominent post-new wave revival films of the 1990s include The Big Steal (1990), Proof (1991), Romper Stomper (1992), Babe (1995), Shine (1996), Kiss or Kill (1997), and The Castle (1997). [94] [95]

In 2008, director Mark Hartley released Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story of Ozploitation!, a documentary film celebrating the romps of the Australian New Wave of 1970s and 1980s low-budget cinema and includes George Miller, Quentin Tarantino and Barry Humphries. [96] [97]

References

  1. "Film in Australia". Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2009.
  2. Wendy Lewis, Simon Balderstone and John Bowan (2006). Events That Shaped Australia. New Holland. pp. 229–233. ISBN 978-1-74110-492-9.
  3. Hale, Mike (23 January 2013). "When Australia Soared on Film", The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2013.
  4. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  5. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  6. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  7. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  8. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  9. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  10. Movie movements that defined cinema: the Australian New Wave-Empire
  11. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  12. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  13. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  14. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  15. Venomous Snakes & Poison Ants: Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975)-Streamline-The Official Filmstruck Blog
  16. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  17. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  18. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  19. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  20. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  21. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  22. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  23. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  24. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  25. Australian Cinema in the 1990s edited by Ian Craven-Google Books
  26. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  27. The 10 Best Films of The Austrailian New Wave « Taste of Cinema
  28. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  29. Australian Cinema in the 1990s edited by Ian Craven-Google Books
  30. The Best Australian New Wave Movies of All Time-Flickchart
  31. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  32. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  33. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  34. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  35. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  36. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  37. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  38. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  39. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  40. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  41. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  42. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  43. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  44. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  45. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  46. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  47. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  48. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  49. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  50. The First Aborigine Movie Star: The Cinema Down Under, Part 2-Streamline-The Official Filmstruck Blog
  51. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  52. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  53. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  54. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  55. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  56. Australian New Wave-Flickchart
  57. Venomous Snakes & Poison Ants: Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975)-Streamline-The Official Filmstruck Blog
  58. "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made", The New York Times. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  59. "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies of All Time", Empire. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
  60. Gallipoli AFI awards highlights 1981 by Mickeyjuice on YouTube
  61. Schneider, Steven Jay. 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die. London: Quintessence Editions Ltd.. ISBN 1844036979
  62. Buckmaster, Luke (14 February 2014). "Wake in Fright: rewatching classic Australian films", The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  63. Cave, Nick. "Wake in Fright (brand-new 35mm print!)" Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine, The Cinefamily. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  64. Gibson, Anthony (18 January 2013). "Lawless director John Hillcoat: Wake In Fright is hands down the greatest Australian movie", Metro. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  65. Don’t Let Them Drag You Down: The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert by Philip Brophy·Senses of Cinema
  66. Australian Cinema in the 1990s edited by Ian Craven-Google Books
  67. Ozploitation: Twelve Australian exploitation classics-CURNBLOG
  68. Not Quite Hollywood: The Wild, Untold Story Of OZploitation!-AV Club
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