Australian National Line
The Australian National Line (ANL) was an Australian Government owned overseas and coastal shipping line that operated between 1956 and 1998, when the container shipping operations and naming rights were bought by CMA CGM.
|Founded||1 October 1956|
|Parent||Government of Australia|
The Australian National Line was formed on 1 October 1956 as the Australian Coastal Shipping Commission with the passing of the Australian Coastal Shipping Commission Act. The organisation took around forty ships previously operated by the Australian Shipping Board, which had been formed in 1946 by the Australian Federal Government.
The Australian National Line and its predecessors acquired 20 ships made at the Whyalla shipyards in South Australia prior to 1970. Among them were freighters, colliers and bulk carriers for mineral transport. In June 1964, the largest bulk carrier ever produced in Australia was launched by Ruth Birrell, the daughter of the Chairman of the Australian Coastal Shipping Commission, P. J. Williams.
In 1974 Australian Coastal Shipping Commission was replaced by the Australian Shipping Commission, and in 1989 Australian National Line was established as a wholly owned government company. In 1998 the French company CMA CGM bought the naming rights of ANL Limited from the Australian Federal Government.
The Australian National Line was an early member of the Australian Shipping and Defence Council (now the Australian Maritime Defence Council) which was established by the Government of Australia in 1982.
The company entered the ferry business in 1959, when Tasmanian Steamers announced would be withdrawing from the Bass Strait. Its ship the Taroona was becoming totally inadequate, only being able to carry 30 cars, which had to be lifted aboard. As no replacement was available, the Federal Government decided that the Australian National Line should take over, and it would be provided with a subsidy with an order placed with the State Dockyard, Newcastle. The new ship was named Princess of Tasmania, was the first roll on/roll off ferry in the southern hemisphere and the largest. She entered the Melbourne – Devonport route on 23 September 1959. The new ship and route were such a success for the ANL ordered a cargo only ship, to be named Bass Trader.
With the passenger numbers going so well on the Princess of Tasmania and cargo going very well also, ANL decided that a regular passenger service from Sydney to Hobart should be re-established. An order was placed with Cockatoo Docks & Engineering Company. The new ship was christened Empress of Australia on 18 January 1964. Empress of Australia made her maiden voyage from Sydney to Hobart on 16 January 1965. The Empress of Australia operated from Sydney to Hobart and Sydney to Bell Bay/Burnie and back.
With the Princess of Tasmania going so well out of Melbourne, there needed to be more capacity on the route, so ANL ordered a new ship to be built at the State Dockyard. The new ship would be bigger, with smaller passenger capacity but more cargo space, an early example of the Ro/Pax concept. The new ship was launched on 17 February 1969 as the Australian Trader. On 24 June 1969, Australian Trader set out on her maiden voyage to Devonport. The new ship operated a rotation between Bell Bay, Devonport and Burnie.
On 27 June 1972 Princess of Tasmania left Devonport for the final time. ANL sold her to Bahamarine Ltd, Nassau and she left Australia on 7 October 1972. When the Princess of Tasmania left the route the Australian Trader swapped with her, and Empress of Australia replaced the Princess of Tasmania on the Melbourne - Devonport trade.
ANL announced that Australian Trader would be withdrawn from service, being replaced by a new freight only ship named Bass Trader.
On the final arrival of the Australian Trader in Bell Bay the crew went on strike. The ship remained idle there for two months. Finally on 24 September 1976 they gave up and she sailed to Sydney, laid-up and was offered for sale. The sale was completed on 16 January 1977 to the Royal Australian Navy as a training ship.
In 1983 the Tasmanian government were seeking from the Federal Government funds to charter a supplementary ship, being either Scotia Prince, St Patrick II, Stena Baltica or Odysseus Elytis. This was rejected.
In 1984 ANL announced that it would not be continuing in the ferry business, and the Empress of Australia would be withdrawn in 1985 and sold. This was then put into the hands of the Tasmanian Government which subsequently formed the TT-Line with the Federal Government agreeing to buy a ship.
The ceasing of the ANL's involvement in the passenger trade allowed them to concentrate solely on bulk freight and cargo. In 1998 the French company CMA CGM bought ANL's container shipping business and trading name from the Federal Government.
CMA CGM operate over 350 vessels (mostly container vessels) on all of the world's major shipping lanes. As part of CMA CGM, the shipping company is now a part of the world's third largest container shipping operator. ANL now employs over 450 staff globally and moves roughly 900,000 cargo containers per year..
Commercially, ANL still operates the more traditional North-South directional trades, plus nearly 20 relatively new East-West directional trades riding on the services of its parent - CMA CGM.
In line with its parent company, ANL has a major focus on the environment for its vessels, containers and office operations.
This is a list of ships owned or operated by ANL between its formation in 1956 and privatisation in 1998.
|Name||Type||Entered ANL service||Left ANL service||Disposition||Fate|
|MV Baralga||General cargo||February 1957||1972||Sold to Nilmore Ltd||Broken up 1980|
|SS Bilkurra||General cargo||February 1957||1969||Sold to Malaysian International Shipping||Broken up 1974|
|SS Binburra||General cargo||February 1957||1969||Sold to Malaysian International Shipping||Broken up 1974|
|MV Boonaroo||General cargo||March 1957||January 1971||Sold to Collin Navigation Co||Broken up 1985|
|MV Bulwarra||General cargo||March 1958||January 1971||Sold to Collin Navigation Co||Ran aground off Keelung and broke apart on 22 October 1971, total loss|
|SS Dalby||General cargo||January 1958||October 1969||Sold to Cronulla Cia Nav SA||Ran aground off Keelung on 14 November 1971, abandoned as total loss|
|SS Dandenong||General cargo||1957||1960||Sold to Jones Brothers Coal Pty Ltd||Broken up 1971|
|SS Daylesford||General cargo||1957||1960||Sold to Fung Shing Navigation Co Ltd||Broken up 1972|
|SS Delungra||General cargo||November 1957||April 1960||Sold to H & S Credits Pty Ltd||Broken up 1974|
|SS Denman||General cargo||March 1957||1965||Sold to Eddie Steamships (Philippines) Inc||Broken up 1970|
|SS Dubbo||General cargo||March 1957||May 1965||Sold to Australia Pacific Co (Hong Kong) Ltd||Broken up 1969|
|MV Edenhope||General cargo||February 1957||October 1965||Sold to Bougainville Trading Co Ltd||Broken up 1979|
|MV Elmore||General cargo||February 1957||January 1965||Sold to John Burke Ltd||Broken up 1987|
|MV Enfield||General cargo||February 1957||January 1965||Sold to Legaspi Oil Co Inc||Deregistered 2008 in Manilla, Philippines. Still afloat.|
|MV Eugowra||General cargo||February 1957||June 1969||Sold to Pacific Islands Shipping Co Pty Ltd||Broken up 1974|
|MV Euroa||General cargo||February 1957||March 1969||Sold to Keith Hollands Shipping Co Pty Ltd||Broken up 1980|
|MV Inyula||Bulk carrier||February 1957||September 1975||Sold to Octamaris Maritime Corporation||Sank in the Black Sea December 1977 in bad weather|
|MV Lake Barrine||Bulk carrier||February 1957||October 1975||Sold to Drillships Ltd||Broken up 1982|
|SS Lake Eyre||Bulk carrier||February 1957||February 1973||Sold to Century Shipping Lines (Hong Kong) Ltd||Broken up 1975|
|MV Nilpina||General cargo||February 1957||June 1971||Sold to Simanggang Sawmill Co Pty Ltd||Sank off Little Andaman Island on 22 June 1985.|
|MV Noongah||General cargo||February 1957||25 August 1969||-||Sank off Smoky Cape in heavy seas with the loss of 21 crew|
|MV Ransdorp||Tanker||March 1957||May 1958||Sold to Dent & Graham||Sank in the Tasman Sea on 18 March 1961|
|SS River Burdekin||General cargo||March 1957||1959||Sold to Indonesian government||Broken up 1971|
|SS River Burnett||General cargo||March 1957||April 1965||Sold to Australine Shipping Co Inc||Broken up 1973|
|SS River Clarence||General cargo||March 1957||1960||Sold to World-Wide SS Co Ltd||Broken up 1968|
|MV River Derwent||General cargo||January 1957||April 1959||Interstate Steamships Pty Ltd||Ran aground during Typhoon Wanda, refloated and scrapped 1962.|
|MV River Fitzroy||General cargo||March 1957||March 1963||Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K||Broken up March 1963|
|MV River Glenelg||General cargo||March 1957||October 1960||Sold to Hang Fung Shipping & Trading Co Ltd||Broken up January 1963|
|MV River Hunter||General cargo||February 1957||July 1959||Sold to Albert Sims Ltd||Broken up 1960|
|MV River Loddon||General cargo||March 1957||March 1963||Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K||Broken up March 1963|
|MV River Mitta||General cargo||March 1957||July 1959||Sold to Hang Fung Shipping & Trading Co Ltd||Broken up 1959|
|MV River Murchison||General cargo||February 1957||February 1963||Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K||Broken up March 1963|
|MV River Murray||General cargo||March 1957||August 1959||Sold to Albert Sims Ltd||Broken up 1959|
|MV River Murrumbidgee||General cargo||March 1957||January 1963||Sold to Amakasu Sangyo Kisen K K||Broken up March 1963|
|MV River Norman||General cargo||February 1957||1959||Sold to Wallem & Co||Ran aground during Typhoon Wanda, refloated and scrapped 1962.|
|MV Talinga||Bulk carrier||February 1957||July 1970||Sold to Elios Compania Navigation SA||Ran aground during Typhoon Rose, refloated and scrapped 1972.|
|MV Timbarra||Bulk carrier||February 1957||January 1969||Sold to Montauk Maritime Ltd||Broken up 1973|
|SS Tyalla||Bulk carrier||March 1957||May 1957||Sold to Cambray Prince Steamship Co Ltd||Formerly repair ship HMS Dullisk Cove. Broken up 1962|
|MV Wangara||General cargo||March 1957||October 1966||Sold to Western Australian Coastal Shipping Commission||Comveryed to a barge 1983|
|MV Windarra||General cargo||April 1957||October 1970||Sold to Collin Navigation Co||Broken up 1980|
|MV Yanderra||Bulk carrier||February 1957||November 1970||Sold to Collin Navigation Co||Broken up 1976|
|MV Yarrunga||Bulk carrier||February 1957||December 1971||Sold to Corona Navigation Co SA||Sank in the Persian Gulf 4 May 1975 after cargo caught fire|
|MV Iranda||Bulk carrier||1957||August 1977||Sold to Jollyboat SA||Broken up 1982|
|MV North Esk||General cargo||1957||June 1979||Sold to West Pacific Shipping Pty Ltd||Broken up 1984|
|MV Lake Boga||Bulk carrier||1957||29 March 1978||Sold to International Activity Shipping & Investment Co SA||Broken up 1984|
|MV Lake Boga||Bulk carrier||1957||January 1978||Sold to Tien Tai Shipping Co SA||Broken up May 1978|
|MV Illowra||Bulk carrier||1957||June 1970||Sold to Athenmar Shipping Co Ltd||Broken up 1982|
|MV Lake Illawarra||Bulk carrier||1958||5 January 1975||-||Sank after colliding with the Tasman Bridge|
|MV Lake Colac||General cargo||1958||1978||Sold to Maliac Shipping Corporation||Broken up 1979|
|MV Lake Macquarie||Bulk carrier||1958||January 1979||Sold to Project and Services Pty Ltd||Broken up 1982|
|MV South Esk||General cargo||1959||December 1972||Sold to Eastern Shipping Lines Inc||Sank in the South China Sea on 16 February 1980|
|MV Lake Macquarie||Bulk carrier||1959||June 1979||Sold to Bluewater Bay Maritime Inc||Broken up 1981|
|MS Princess of Tasmania||Passenger and roll-on/roll-off||September 1959||December 1972||Sold to Bahamarine Ltd||Broken up 2005|
|MV Mount Keira||Ore carrier||1960||June 1976||Sold to Agile Shipping Co SA||Broken up 1983|
|MV Mount Kembla||Ore carrier||1960||June 1973||Sold to Drillships Ltd||Broken up 1988|
|MV Bass Trader (1st)||Roll-on/roll-off||1961||April 1975||Sold to Halley Enterprise Shipping Inc||Broken up 1984|
|MV Merino||General cargo||October 1963||December 1964||Sold to Carpentaria Holdings Pty Ltd||Scuttled in the Arafura Sea on 17 December 1986|
|MV Jeparit||General and bulk cargo||1964||September 1979||Sold to Massis Charity Shipping Co||Broken up 1993|
|MV Musgrave Range||Ore carrier||November 1964||June 1977||Sold to Zea Shipping Co||Broken up 1983|
|MS Empress of Australia||Passenger and roll-on/roll-off||January 1965||1985||Sold to Sun Cruises Maritime||Sank in the Strait of Malacca on 23 August 1992|
|SS Darling River||Bulk carrier||1966||February 1979||Sold to Malcome Collins (Australia) Pty Ltd||Broken up June 1979|
|MV Australian Trader (1st)||Passenger and roll-on/roll-off||1969||January 1977||Sold to the Royal Australian Navy||Broken up 2004|
|MV Australian Enterprise (1st)||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1969||1 January 1986||-||Broken up 1986|
|MV Australian Endeavour (1st)||Container||1969||1 June 1985||-||Broken up 1985|
|MV Brisbane Trader||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1969||10 December 1986||Sold to Mastrogiorgis Shipping Co Ltd||Broken up 2010|
|MV Sydney Trader||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1969||1984||-||Broken up 1984|
|MV Tolga||Bulk carrier||October 1969 (leased)||1983||Returned to Arctic Shipping Co Ltd||Broken up 1994|
|SS Yarra River||Bulk carrier||1970||1982||-||Broken up 1982|
|MV Townsville Trader||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1970||November 1984||-||Broken up 1984|
|MV Darwin Trader||Container and bulk carrier||1970||1998||-||Still in service|
|MV Echuca||Container||1971||July 1976||Sold to Wan Hai Steamship Co Inc||Still in service|
|MV Allunga||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1971||1986||-||Broken up 1986|
|MV Mount Newman||Bulk carrier||1973 (chartered)||1981||Returned to Pacific Maritime Services Ltd||Broken up 1996|
|MV Alnwick Castle||Bulk carrier||1974 (leased)||June 1981||Returned to Ben Line||Broken up 1996|
|MV Tambo River||Bulk carrier||1972 (chartered)||September 1979||Returned to Northern Bulk Carriers Ltd||Broken up 1998|
|MSC Australian Exporter||Container||July 1972 (leased)||1990||Returned to Mediterranean Shipping Co SA||Broken up 1999|
|MV Lysaght Endeavour||Roll-on/roll-off||1973||10 June 1987||-||Broken up 1987|
|MV Lysaght Enterprise||Roll-on/roll-off||1973||1987||-||Broken up February 1987|
|MV Australian Emblem||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1974 (leased)||17 April 1988||Returned to Kawasaki Heavy Industries||Broken up 1997|
|MV Melbourne Trader||Roll-on/roll-off||January 1975||1988||Sold to Bulk Enterprise Ltd||Still in service|
|MSC Australian Explorer||Container||April 1975||1986||-||Broken up 1986|
|MV Stirling Range||Bulk carrier||April 1975||March 1980||Sold to Antigoni Shipping Co Ltd||Sunk 21 November 1983 in the Iran–Iraq War|
|MV Australian Escort||Container and roll-on/roll-off||January 1976||1989||-||Renamed Anro Melbourne|
|MV Bass Trader (2nd)||Roll-on/roll-off||1976||1997||Sold to Strintzis Lines||Still in service|
|MV Australian Pioneer||Bulk carrier||August 1976||1986||Sold to Shanghai Ocean Shipping Co||Still in service|
|MV Australian Prospector||Bulk carrier||December 1976||July 1979||Sold to Trikappa Ltd||Broken up 1999|
|MV Australian Venture||Container||1976||December 1996||Sold to Lavicer Investments Corp||Broken up 2006|
|MV Anro Australia||Container||February 1977||1997||Sold to Ruby Enterprises Inc||Broken up June 1997|
|MV Flinders Range||Bulk carrier||1977||2 January 1987||Sold to China Shipping Group||Still in service|
|MV Australian Purpose||Bulk carrier||December 1977||June 1979||Sold to Lavicer Investments Corp||Broken up 2006|
|MV Lake Barrine||Bulk carrier||1978||1986||Sold to Societe Mo Car SpA||Still in service|
|MV Lake Eildon||Bulk carrier||1978||1985||Sold to Queensland Lime & Cement||Scrapped 2008|
|MV Lake Eyre||Bulk carrier||1978||1984||Sold to Julia Shipping Pty Ltd||Still in service|
|MV Lake Hume||Bulk carrier||January 1979||1986||Sold to Clarry Shipping Ltd||Still in service|
|MV Australian Progress||Bulk carrier||February 1979||1991||Sold to Treasure Sea Shipping Inc||Broken up 2002|
|MV Selwyn Range||Bulk carrier||July 1979||1990||Sold to CSL Pacific||Still in service|
|MV Cape Hawke||Bulk carrier||1981 (leased)||December 1986||Returned to British Phosphate Commission||Broken up 1987|
|MV Baron Murray||Bulk carrier||August 1981 (leased)||1987||Returned to Otway Shipping Co Ltd||Broken up 2003|
|MV Cape Otway||Bulk carrier||August 1981 (leased)||1987||Returned to British Phosphate Commission||Broken up 2008|
|MV River Boyne||Ore carrier||1982||-||-||Still in service|
|MV River Embley||Ore carrier||1983||-||-||Still in service|
|MV River Yarra||Ore carrier||1984||2002||Sold to Canada Steamship Lines||Still in service|
|MV Australian Trader (2nd)||Container||1 February 1985||19 January 1997||Sold to Hub Line||Still in service|
|MV Australian Advance||Container||1986 (leased)||1988||Returned to United Arab Shipping Co||Still in service|
|MV Tranztas Trader||General cargo||1989||1998||Sold to Littleton Services Inc||Sank off Vietnam on 16 December 2010|
|MV Anro Melbourne||Container and roll-on/roll-off||1989||1992||Sold to Plixia Trading Ltd||Broken up 1998|
|MV Australian Searoad||Roll-on/roll-off||1989||1994||Returned to Pacific Intercontinental Co Ltd||Still in service|
|MV Australian Express||General cargo||6 September 1989 (leased)||3 February 1990||Returned to Nanyuan Shipping||Still in service|
|MV Australian Endeavour (2nd)||Container||1991||-||-||Still in service as ANL Australia|
|MV Australian Endurance||Container||1991||1996||Sold to Koala Shipping Inc||Still in service|
|MV Australian Enterprise (2nd)||Container||1997||-||-||Still in service as ANL Explorer|
- Commonwealth Line, another government-owned shipping company in operation between 1916 and 1928
- "Corporate entry: Australian Coastal Shipping Commission". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 14 August 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.
- "Corporate entry: Australian Shipping Board". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.
- "Biggest Australian Bulk Ship Launched". The Canberra Times. 10 June 1964. p. 13. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- "Corporate entry: Australian Shipping Commission". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.
- "Corporate entry: Australian National Line (ANL) Limited". Australian Science at Work. www.austehc.unimelb.edu.au. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.
- "ANL - About Us". Anl.com.au. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 5 July 2008.