Australian National Heritage List

The Australian National Heritage List is a heritage register, a list of national heritage places deemed to be of outstanding heritage significance to Australia. The list includes natural, historic and indigenous places. Once on the National Heritage List the provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 apply.[1]

Australian National Heritage List
Satellite image of part of the Great Barrier Reef adjacent to the Queensland coastal areas of Airlie Beach and Mackay.
TypeHeritage register of natural, historic and indigenous places that are not owned by the Commonwealth of Australia
CountryAustralia
Years2012–present
Preceded byRegister of the National Estate
Compiled byCommonwealth of Australia via the Australian Heritage Council
Approved byMinister for the Environment

The Australian National Heritage List, together with the Commonwealth Heritage List, replaced the former Register of the National Estate. Places on the Australian National Heritage List are places of outstanding heritage value for Australia and the Commonwealth Heritage List for heritage places that are owned or controlled by the Commonwealth of Australia.[2][3]

Criteria for listing

To be included on the list, a nominated place is assessed by the Australian Heritage Council against nine criteria:[4]

  • importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history
  • possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia's natural or cultural history
  • potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Australia's natural or cultural history
  • importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of Australia's natural or cultural places or environments
  • importance in exhibiting particular aesthetic characteristics valued by a community or cultural group
  • importance in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period
  • strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons
  • special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia's natural or cultural history
  • importance as part of Indigenous tradition.

In addition, the place must pass a "significance threshold"; it must have 'outstanding' heritage value to the nation as a whole. This is determined by comparison to other similar places. Once the Heritage Council has made an assessment, it forwards a recommendation to the Minister for the Environment, who shall make a determination.[4]

Composition

As of 28 September 2017, the Australian National Heritage List comprised 119 heritage places as follows:[5]

State/territoryNumber of places
Australian Capital Territory5
New South Wales35
Northern Territory4
Queensland13
South Australia8
Tasmania11
Victoria32
Western Australia15
Other territories3
(duplicates): (4)[lower-alpha 1]
Total: 119

List

The Australian National Heritage List comprises the following sites:

#ImageListed placeStateDate listedCoordinatesNotes
1Abbotsford Convent
(listing)
Victoria31 August 201737°48′09″S 145°00′14″E
2Adelaide Park Lands and City Layout
(listing)
South Australia7 November 200834°56′05″S 138°37′00″E
3Australian Academy of Science Building
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory21 November 200535°17′01.2″S 149°07′21.4″E
4Australian Alps National Parks and ReservesAlpine National Park
(listing)
Victoria7 November 200836°29′59″S 148°03′50″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Avon Wilderness
(listing)
Victoria37°36′45″S 146°50′34″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Baw Baw National Park
(listing)
Victoria37°45′50″S 146°13′23″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Bimberi Nature Reserve
(listing)
New South Wales35°34′54″S 148°45′04″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Brindabella National Park
(listing)
New South Wales35°13′54″S 148°46′44″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Kosciuszko National Park
(listing)
New South Wales36°04′20″S 148°20′55″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Mount Buffalo National Park
(listing)
Victoria36°44′18″S 146°46′30″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Namadgi National Park
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory35°40′00″S 148°57′00″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Scabby Range Nature Reserve
(listing)
New South Wales35°45′55″S 148°52′04″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Snowy River National Park
(listing)
Victoria37°16′30″S 148°33′12″E
Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves – Tidbinbilla Nature Reserve
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory35°27′47″S 148°54′38″E
5Australian Convict SitesBrickendon Estate
(listing)
Tasmania23 June 200741°37′01″S 147°07′39″EWorld Heritage Site 2010
Australian Convict SitesCascades Female Factory and Yard 4 North
(listing)
Tasmania1 August 2007[B]42°53′37″S 147°17′57″E
Australian Convict SitesCoal Mines Historic Site
(listing)
Tasmania1 August 200742°59′01″S 147°42′59″E
Australian Convict SitesCockatoo Island
(listing)
New South Wales1 August 200733°50′49″S 151°10′16″E
Australian Convict SitesDarlington Probation Station
(listing)
Tasmania1 August 200742°34′54″S 148°04′12″E
Australian Convict SitesFremantle Prison
(listing)
Western Australia1 August 200532°3′18″S 115°45′13″E
Australian Convict SitesOld Great North Road
(listing)
New South Wales1 August 200733°22′42″S 150°59′40″E
Australian Convict SitesHyde Park Barracks
(listing)
New South Wales1 August 200733°52′10″S 151°12′45″E
Australian Convict SitesKingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area
(listing)
Norfolk Island1 August 200729°03′12″S 167°57′31″E
Australian Convict SitesOld Government House and Government Domain
(listing)
New South Wales1 August 200733°48′35″S 150°59′42″E
Australian Convict SitesPort Arthur Historic site
(listing)
Tasmania3 June 200543°08′52″S 147°51′05″E
Australian Convict SitesWoolmers Estate
(listing)
Tasmania23 November 200741°37′01″S 147°07′48″E
6Australian Cornish Mining SitesBurra
(listing)
South Australia9 May 201733°40′47″S 138°55′03″E
Australian Cornish Mining SitesMoonta
(listing)
34°04′32″S 137°36′31″E
7Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Naracoorte)
(listing)
South Australia21 May 2007[A]36°57′S 140°45′EInscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1994
Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh)
(listing)
Queensland19°04′59″S 138°43′01″EWorld Heritage Site 1994
8Australian War Memorial and the Memorial Parade
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory25 April 200635°16′49.76″S 149°08′56.56″E
9Batavia Shipwreck Site and Survivor Camps Area 1629, Houtman Abrolhos
(listing)
Western Australia6 April 200628°29′25″S 113°47′36″E
10Bondi Beach
(listing)
New South Wales25 January 200833°53′28″S 151°16′40″E
11Bonegilla Migrant Camp – Block 19
(listing)
Victoria7 December 200736°07′52″S 147°00′49″E
12Brewarrina Aboriginal Fish Traps (Baiames Ngunnhu)
(listing)
New South Wales3 June 2005
13City of Broken Hill
(listing)
New South Wales20 January 201531°57′S 141°27′E
14Budj Bim National Heritage Landscape – Tyrendarra Area
(listing)
Victoria20 July 200438°12′00″S 141°46′00″E
Budj Bim National Heritage Landscape – Mount Eccles Lake Condah Area
(listing)
38°04′00″S 141°55′00″E
15The Burke, Wills, King and Yandruwandha National Heritage Place
(listing)
Queensland, South Australia22 January 2016
16Castlemaine Diggings National Heritage Park
(listing)
Victoria27 January 200537°11′29″S 144°12′59″E
17Centennial Park
(listing)
New South Wales3 October 201833°54′S 151°14′E
18Cheetup Rock Shelter
(listing)
Western Australia23 October 2009
19Coranderrk
(listing)
Victoria7 June 201137°41′02″S 145°31′19″E
20Cyprus Hellene Club - Australian Hall
(listing)
New South Wales20 May 2008Site of the Aboriginal Day of Mourning in 1938
21Dampier Archipelago
(listing)
Western Australia3 July 200720°34′52″S 116°48′29″E
22Dirk Hartog Landing Site 1616 – Cape Inscription Area
(listing)
Western Australia6 April 2006
23Dinosaur Stampede National Monument
(listing)
Queensland20 July 200423°00′58″S 142°24′41″E
24Echuca Wharf
(listing)
Victoria26 April 200736°07′12″S 144°44′50″E
25Ediacara Fossil Site – Nilpena
(listing)
South Australia11 January 200730°48′28″S 138°08′15″E
26Elizabeth Springs
(listing)
Queensland4 August 2009
27Eureka Stockade Gardens
(listing)
Victoria8 December 200437°33′55″S 143°53′3″E
28First Government House Site, Sydney
(listing)
New South Wales19 August 2005
29Fitzgerald River National Park
(listing)
Western Australia6 May 201633°56′51″S 119°36′55″E
30Flemington Racecourse
(listing)
Victoria7 November 200637°47′25″S 144°54′45″E
31Fraser Island
(listing)
Queensland21 May 2007[A]25°13′S 153°08′EWorld Heritage Site 1992
32Glass House Mountains National Landscape
(listing)
Queensland3 August 200626°50′51″S 152°57′15″E
33Glenrowan Heritage Precinct
(listing)
Victoria5 July 200536°28′S 146°14′ESite of the Siege of Glenrowan and the capture of Ned Kelly
34Goldfields Water Supply Scheme
(listing)
Western Australia23 June 2011
35Gondwana RainforestsBarrington Tops Area
(listing)
New South Wales21 May 2007[A]32°03′10″S 151°29′37″EWorld Heritage Site 1986
Gondwana RainforestsFocal Peak Group
(listing)
NSW, Qld
Gondwana RainforestsHastings-Macleay Group
(listing)
New South Wales
Gondwana RainforestsIluka Nature Reserve
(listing)
New South Wales
Gondwana RainforestsMain Range National Park
(listing)
NSW, Qld27°48′57″S 152°15′56″E
Gondwana RainforestsNew England Group
(listing)
New South Wales
Gondwana RainforestsShield Volcano Group
(listing)
NSW, Qld
Gondwana RainforestsWashpool and Gibraltar Range
(listing)
New South Wales
36Grampians National Park (Gariwerd)
(listing)
Victoria15 December 200637°12′28″S 142°23′59″E
37Great Barrier Reef
(listing)
Queensland21 May 2007[A]18°17′10″S 147°42′00″EWorld Heritage Site 1981
38Greater Blue Mountains Area
(listing)
New South Wales21 May 2007[A]33°43′05″S 150°18′38″EWorld Heritage Site 2000
39Great Ocean Road
(listing)
Victoria7 April 201138°44′02″S 143°41′14″E
40HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran shipwreck sites
(listing)
Western Australia14 March 201126°14′31″S 111°12′48″EThe two ships lie 22 kilometres (14 mi) apart.
41HMVS Cerberus
(listing)
Victoria14 December 200537°58′03″S 145°00′28″E
42HMS Sirius
(listing)
Norfolk Island25 October 201129°2′36.9″S 167°57′18″E
43Heard and McDonald Islands
(listing)
External territory21 May 2007[A]53°06′00″S 73°31′00″EWorld Heritage Site 1997
44Hermannsburg Historic Precinct
(listing)
Northern Territory13 April 200623°56′35″S 132°46′40″E
45High Court of Australia (former)
(listing)
Victoria11 July 2007
46High CourtNational Gallery precinct
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory23 November 2007
47ICI Building
(listing)
Victoria21 September 200537°48′32″S 144°58′24″E
48Jordan River Levee
(listing)
Tasmania23 December 2011Archeological site on a tributary of the River Derwent
49Kamay Botany Bay
(listing)
New South Wales15 December 200634°01′14″S 151°13′29″E
50Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, Lion Island, Long Island and Spectacle Island Nature Reserves
(listing)
New South Wales15 December 2006
51Kakadu National Park
(listing)
Northern Territory21 May 2007[A]World Heritage Site 1981
52Kurnell Peninsula Headland
(listing)
New South Wales20 September 2004James Cook's first landing site in Australia in 1770
53Koonalda Cave
(listing)
South Australia15 October 201431°24′S 129°53′E
54Lesueur National Park
(listing)
Western Australia6 May 201630°08′04″S 115°06′02″E
55Lord Howe Island Group
(listing)
New South Wales21 May 2007[A]31°33′S 159°05′EWorld Heritage Site 1982
56Macquarie Island
(listing)
Tasmania21 May 2007[A]54°37′00″S 158°51′00″EWorld Heritage Site 1997
57Mawsons Huts and Mawsons Huts Historic site
(listing)
Australian Antarctic Territory27 January 200567°00′30″S 142°39′40″E
58Melbourne Cricket Ground
(listing)
Victoria26 December 200537°49′12″S 144°59′0″E
59Melbourne's Domain Parkland and Memorial Precinct
(listing)
Victoria11 February 201837°49′14″S 144°58′08″E"The area was previously included in the National Heritage List using the emergency listing provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act 1999 on 13 February 2017. The area was reviewed further under these provisions leading to a decision to keep the place with some alterations to its boundary and heritage values."
60Moree Baths and Swimming Pool Complex
(listing)
New South Wales6 September 201329°28′27″S 149°50′48″E
61Mount William Stone Hatchet Quarry
(listing)
Victoria25 February 200837°12′38″S 144°48′37″E
62Murtoa No. 1 Grain Shed
(listing)
Victoria1 October 201436°37′23″S 142°28′41″E
63Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site
(listing)
New South Wales7 June 200829°46′52″S 150°42′45″E
64Newman College
(listing)
Victoria21 September 200537°47′42″S 144°57′49″E
65The Ningaloo Coast
(listing)
Western Australia6 January 2010
66Ngarrabullgan
(listing)
Queensland12 May 2011
67North Head, Sydney
(listing)
New South Wales12 May 2006
68Old Parliament House and Curtilage
(listing)
Australian Capital Territory20 June 200635.302097°S 149.12992°E / -35.302097; 149.12992 (Old Parliament House)
69Point Cook Air Base
(listing)
Victoria29 August 200737°55′54″S 144°45′12″E
70Point Nepean Defence Sites and Quarantine Station Area
(listing)
Victoria16 June 2006
71Porongurup National Park
(listing)
Western Australia4 August 2009
72Purnululu National Park
(listing)
Western Australia21 May 2007[A]World Heritage Site 2003
73QANTAS hangar, Longreach
(listing)
Queensland2 May 200923°26′11″S 144°16′28″E
74Queen Victoria Market
(listing)
Victoria23 July 201837°48′25″S 144°57′24″E
75Quinkan Country
(listing)
Queensland10 November 201815°38′42″S 144°30′26″E
76Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area
(listing)
Tasmania7 October 2005
77Richmond Bridge
(listing)
Tasmania25 November 2005
78Rippon Lea House and Gardens
(listing)
Victoria11 August 200637°52′45″S 144°59′58″E
79Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens
(listing)
Victoria20 July 200437°48′17″S 144°58′16″EWorld Heritage Site 2004
80Royal National Park and Garawarra State Conservation Area
(listing)
New South Wales15 September 2006
81Shark Bay
(listing)
Western Australia21 May 2007[A]World Heritage Site 1991
82Sidney Myer Music Bowl
(listing)
Victoria21 September 200537°49′24″S 144°58′28″E
83Snowy Mountains Scheme
(listing)
New South Wales14 October 201636°18′S 148°28′E
84South Australia's Parliament House
(listing)
South Australia26 January 2006
85Stirling Range National Park
(listing)
Western Australia15 December 2006
86Sydney Harbour Bridge
(listing)
New South Wales19 March 200733°51′08″S 151°12′38″E
87Sydney Opera House
(listing)
New South Wales12 July 200533°51′25″S 151°12′55″EWorld Heritage Site 2007
88Tasmanian Wilderness
(listing)
Tasmania21 May 2007[A]World Heritage Site 1982
89Tree of Knowledge, Barcaldine
(listing)
Queensland26 January 2006Poisoned in 2006 and felled in 2007
90Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
(listing)
Northern Territory21 May 2007[A]25°20′42″S 131°02′10″EWorld Heritage Site 1987
91Warrumbungle National Park
(listing)
New South Wales15 December 200631°13′54″S 149°01′04″E
92Wave Hill walk-off route
(listing)
Northern Territory9 August 2007
93Western Tasmania Aboriginal Cultural Landscape
(listing)
Tasmania8 February 2013
94West Kimberley
(listing)
Western Australia31 August 2011
95Wet Tropics of Queensland
(listing)
Queensland21 May 2007[A]World Heritage Site 1988
96Wilgie Mia
(listing)
Western Australia24 February 201126°58′S 117°39′E
97Willandra Lakes Region
(listing)
New South Wales21 May 2007[A]33°39′55″S 143°00′04″EWorld Heritage Site 1981
Includes Lake Mungo
98Witjira-Dalhousie Springs
(listing)
South Australia4 August 200926°27′39″S 135°31′23″E
99Wurrwurrwuy stone arrangements
(listing)
Northern Territory7 August 201312.3311°S 136.9328°E / -12.3311; 136.9328 (Wurrwurrwuy stone arrangements)
100Yea Flora Fossil Site
(listing)
Victoria11 January 200737°13′15″S 145°26′57″E

Notes

  • A One of 15 World Heritage places included in the National Heritage List on 21 May 2007.
  • B Yard 4 North was added on 4 August 2009.

Further notes about table

  1. The following historic resources are included within multiple state lists:

See also

References

  1. "Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Section 324A". Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  2. "Register of the National Estate". Australian Government. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  3. Environment.gov.au, Retrieved 21 September 2009
  4. "National Heritage List criteria". About Australia's heritage. Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  5. "Search: National Heritage List". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government. Retrieved 28 September 2017.

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