Augmentation (algebra)

In algebra, an augmentation of an associative algebra A over a commutative ring k is a k-algebra homomorphism , typically denoted by ε. An algebra together with an augmentation is called an augmented algebra. The kernel of the augmentation is a two-sided ideal called the augmentation ideal of A.

For example, if is the group algebra of a finite group G, then

is an augmentation.

If A is a graded algebra which is connected, i.e. , then the homomorphism which maps an element to its homogeneous component of degree 0 is an augmentation. For example,

is an augmentation on the polynomial ring .


  • Loday, Jean-Louis; Vallette, Bruno (2012). Algebraic operads. Grundlehren der Mathematischen Wissenschaften. 346. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 2. ISBN 978-3-642-30361-6. Zbl 1260.18001.
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