Audio forensics

Audio forensics is the field of forensic science relating to the acquisition, analysis, and evaluation of sound recordings that may ultimately be presented as admissible evidence in a court of law or some other official venue.[1][2][3][4]

Audio forensic evidence may come from a criminal investigation by law enforcement or as part of an official inquiry into an accident, fraud, accusation of slander, or some other civil incident.[5]

The primary aspects of audio forensics are establishing the authenticity of audio evidence, performing enhancement of audio recordings to improve speech intelligibility and the audibility of low-level sounds, and interpreting and documenting sonic evidence, such as identifying talkers, transcribing dialog, and reconstructing crime or accident scenes and timelines.[2]

Modern audio forensics makes extensive use of digital signal processing, with the former use of analog filters now being obsolete. Techniques such as adaptive filtering and discrete Fourier transforms are used extensively.[3]

Recent advances in audio forensics techniques include voice biometrics and electrical network frequency analysis.

See also


  1. Phil Manchester (January 2010). "An Introduction To Forensic Audio". Sound on Sound.
  2. Maher, Robert C. (March 2009). "Audio forensic examination: authenticity, enhancement, and interpretation". IEEE Signal Processing Magazine. 26 (2): 84–94. doi:10.1109/msp.2008.931080.
  3. Alexander Gelfand (10 October 2007). "Audio Forensics Experts Reveal (Some) Secrets". Wired Magazine. Archived from the original on 2012-04-08.
  4. Maher, Robert C. (2018). Principles of forensic audio analysis. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 1–2. ISBN 9783319994536. OCLC 1062360764.
  5. Maher, Robert C. (Summer 2015). "Lending an ear in the courtroom: forensic acoustics" (PDF). Acoustics Today. 11: 22–29.

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