Aube (French pronunciation: [ob]) is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises[1]

Prefecture building of the Aube department, in Troyes


Coat of arms
Location of Aube in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 4°10′E
RegionGrand Est
  President of the General CouncilPhilippe Pichery (DVD)
  Total6,004 km2 (2,318 sq mi)
  Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number10
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

The department was constituted as it is today by a decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790.



The Aube department is located in the south-west side of the Grand Est region. It borders the departments of Marne in the north (about 130 km long), Haute-Marne to the east (about 100 km long), Côte-d'Or in the south-east (about 45 km long), Yonne in the south-west (about 175 km long), and Seine-et-Marne in the west (about 45 km long).[2]

Subregions of Aube

Within the department regions of natural or traditional countryside can be identified as follows:

  • northwest quarter: Champagne crayeuse (chalky Champagne)
  • northwestern tip: the Nogentais
  • southwest of Troyes: the Othe region
  • to the south: le Chaourçois
  • to the northeast: the Briennois
  • to the east: the Barrois
  • between Troyes and Barrois: Champagne wetlands

Communes of Aube

Aube is divided into 431 communes totalling 308,503 inhabitants. Major cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants) are:

They are mostly located in the centre of the department. Four of those five cities are part of the Agglomeration of Troyes.

Topography and geology

Altitude of the main towns of Aube[3]
Lowest Altitude100 metres67 metres156 metres60 metres
Highest Altitude126 metres112 metres348 metres113 metres
Average Altitude113 metres90 metres252 metres87 metres
Town Hall Altitude107 metres77 metres165 metres71 metres


There are 23 rivers throughout the department,[Note 1] the four main rivers being the Seine, the Aube (tributary of the Seine), the Armance (tributary of the Armançon), and the Vanne (a tributary of the Yonne).

Forests and lakes

The department has 140,000 hectares of forests.[4]

Located in the Community of communes of Forests, lakes, and lands in Champagne, the Orient Forest Regional Natural Park was one of the first natural parks created in France.

In the same place, there is the Orient Lake and the Amance and Temple lakes where fishing, recreational water sports, and bathing are available. Each lake specialises in one or more of these activities.


The climate is moderate without intense cold or excessive heat which represents a climate similar to continental and oceanic.

Between 1950 and 1985 the average annual temperature recorded in the department was 10.1 °C[5] which is equivalent to the Paris basin and the cities of north-eastern France. The average sunshine hours per year is 1771.

Average annual rainfall is quite high (653.4 mm over 115 days of rain[5]). In general there is more rain in autumn than in winter but rainfall is highest during spring. In contrast summer is the season when rainfall is lowest. There is, however, more rain in the south-east than the north-west.

Snow is relatively infrequent. Prevailing wind is from the west.

Town Sunshine





National Average 1,973770142240
Troyes[7] 1,817645151738
Paris 1,661637121810
Nice 2,7247671291
Strasbourg 1,693665292956
Brest 1,6051,21171275
Climate data for Troyes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.2
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
Average low °C (°F) −0.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 50.5
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 10.0 8.4 10.3 9.1 10.1 8.6 7.2 7.0 7.5 9.6 9.8 10.6 108.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 69 88 144 185 215 229 235 228 179 124 67 54 1,817
Source: Meteorological data for Troyes – 112 m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)

Channels of communication and transport

Road network

The department has 150 km of autoroutes, 33 km of national roads, 4,517 km of departmental roads and 2,116 km of local roads.[8]

Communal transport

In the Agglomeration of Troyes TCAT (Transport for the Communes of Troyes) provides a transport network between communes. Unlike many networks that are provided by other operators, the agglomeration community of the city is the owner of the company.[9] The network currently serves eleven communes including two outside the Troyes agglomeration. Other cities, including Romilly-sur-Seine, have no transport network.[10]

Aube also has intercity transport networks. 21 regular bus routes are operated between the major cities of the department. The use of these lines is entrusted to private coaches: Transdev – The Carriers of Aube has 15 routes,[11] Keolis Sud Lorraine has 4 routes,[12] Procars Champagne has 2 routes,[13] Autocars Bardy has one route.[14]

Rail network

Five railway stations are currently in operation. These are: Nogent-sur-Seine, Romilly-sur-Seine, Troyes, Vendeuvre-sur-Barse, Bar-sur-Aube.

Aube does not have a strong rail coverage. Only one main non-electrified line passes through Aube – the line that connects Paris-Est to Mulhouse.

The department has 34.8 km of navigable waterways.[8] The city of Nogent-sur-Seine has two river ports for grain.[15]


Early history

The first inhabitants of Aube were the Tricasses and Lingones with a substantial human settlement around the year 400 BC.

Saints Potentian and Savinian,[16] Greek priests from Samos, came to preach the gospel from the middle of the 3rd century. Saint Patroclus was one of the first martyrs of the new faith in the year 259. Shortly after Saint Jule and some notables of the city of Tricasses also suffered martyrdom. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, the Christian community became large enough to accommodate a bishop. Saint Amateur was the first in 340. In the year 286 the Bagaudae ravaged the land which forms Aube. Emperor Julian came to Troyes with his army and rescued it.

The territory making up Aube was first attached to France in 843, following the Treaty of Verdun.

The 12th century and the monasteries

Two important monasteries were founded in the department: one at Clairvaux in 1114, created by Bernard of Clairvaux, the other at Paraclete, by his illustrious rival, Pierre Abélard and of which Héloïse d'Argenteuil was the first abbess. Bernard of Clairvaux was noted for his eloquence at the Council of Troyes and his preaching of the Second Crusade which had no result and whose outcome was disastrous.

The reunion of Champagne with the kingdom of France was finalised in 1361. Yet people wanted absolutely the incorporation of Champagne but in 1328 King Philip VI gave the city of Bar-sur-Seine to Philippe de Croy. The inhabitants, however, ransomed him to return it to the king on the condition that it become inalienable.

Definitive reunion with Kingdom of France

The decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790 formally established the department of Aube. Its first president was Augustin-Henri-Marie Picot[17] and his first deputy was Louis Antoine Joseph Robin. Jacques Claude Beugnot was elected Attorney-General and also MP.[17]

The 19th century marked the emergence of the Hosiery business in the department.

After the victory of the allies in the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815, the department was occupied by Russian troops from June 1815 to November 1818.

In 1911 following the revolt of the vineyards of Champagne large Riots broke out in the department. The consequences of this were tragic because the clashes resulted in dozens of injuries.

In 1919, a decree allowed Aube department to produce champagne for the first time.[18]

In 1932 Turkish president Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visited Aube and signed a friendship treaty with France there on 4 July 1938.[19]



Azure, a band argent with two cotises potent and counter potent in Or, chief wavy in argent.

Politics and administration

General Council

The General Council of Aube is located in Troyes. Its president has been DVD Senator Philippe Adnot since July 1990. It includes the 34 councillors of the 17 cantons of Aube. Of these, 32 are from the Right (mainly the UMP), the others are from the Miscellaneous left.[20] Currently the budget of the General Council is €329.8 million. Its main mission and expenditure on social activities and health.[8]


Aube returns three Deputies to the National Assembly, two of whom are from The Republicans (LR), and two Senators: one UMP and one right-wing independent.

Current National Assembly Representatives

Aube's 1st constituency Grégory Besson-Moreau La République En Marche!
Aube's 2nd constituency Valérie Bazin-Malgras The Republicans
Aube's 3rd constituency Gérard Menuel The Republicans

Seats on the General Council by Political Party
PartyAbbrev.No. Members
Left Wing
Socialist PartyPS2
Communist PartyPCF2
Miscellaneous leftDVG1
Europe Ecology – The GreensEELV1
Right Wing
Democratic MovementMoDem1
New CentreNC2
Miscellaneous rightDVD10
Union for a Popular MovementUMP13
President of the General Council


Distribution of the population

Aube is inhabited by 308,503 people with more than a third (130,430 inhabitants[8]) live in the Troyes agglomeration.

Population of the Main towns of Aube[22]

Demographic change

In 2009, the department had 303,298 inhabitants.

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
228,885 231,455 238,819 230,688 246,361 253,870 258,180 261,881 265,247
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
261,673 262,785 261,951 255,687 255,217 255,326 257,374 255,548 251,435
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
246,163 243,670 241,036 227,839 238,253 242,596 239,563 235,237 240,797
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
255,099 270,325 284,823 289,300 289,207 292,131 299,704 300,837 301,327
2009 - - - - - - - -
303,298 - - - - - - - -

Sources : Historical data of Aube department on the SPLAF website Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Histogram of Demographic Evolution

Distribution of age groups

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aube compared to Champagne-Ardennes region in 2009

Age RangeMenWomenMenWomen
0 to 14 Years19.017.319.117.2
15 to 29 Years19.317.220.018.1
30 to 44 Years20.619.520.719.7
45 to 59 Years21.420.621.220.7
60 to 74 Years13.014.112.713.6
75 to 89 Years6.310.06.09.6
90 Years+


Breakdown of population by socio-professional categories

Population of 15 years or more by sex, age, and socio-professional category
socio-professionnel category 2007 1999 Details for 2007
Nb % Nb % Men Women %age of the population aged
15 to 24 yrs25 to 54 yrs55 yrs +
Farmers and Farm workers5,0942.15,4082.33,5841,5100.231.6
Artisans, shopkeepers, business managers7,2322.97,6193.25,0252,2070.54.71.5
Executives and Intellectuals12,6565.19,43548,1964,4600.78.52.5
Intermediate Professions28,80511,724,95310,614,02014,7866.619.73.1
Others without occupation40,19416.347,1982015,39724,79756.610.27.6
Source : INSEE Census 2006 Population census of January 2006 (in French)



The economy of Aube has focused on the textile industry since the 19th century. This sector is now in crisis due to the department being in an area of real economic change.

In 2007, the departmental workforce totalled 139,083 with 121,966 persons in employment and 17,117 people unemployed. Men accounted for nearly 53% of the active population and women 47%.[23]

The Aube department has a high rate of feminization in employment. Nearly half of people with active jobs (46% in 2007) are women. The main areas affected by the feminization are trade, transport, textiles, utilities, education, and health. Women are slightly more affected than men by unemployment (54.8% of the unemployed in 2007). This is mainly due to layoffs in the textile sector.

Employment by sector

Distribution of Employment by Industry sector

  Agriculture Industry Construction Commerce[Note 2] Public Administration[Note 3]
Aube 6.6% 20.3% 7.3% 37.4% 28.3%
Comparison with the Region 6.7% 19.2% 6.5% 36.7% 31.0%
Sources: INSEE Employment by sector of activity for 2007 in Aube, (in French), Employment by sector of activity for 2007 in Champagne-Ardenne (in French)

Main economic sectors


Large Industrial Companies[8]
No. of Employees
Petit Bateau (Textiles) 1,022
Devanlay (Textiles) 1,018
Soufflet (Cereals) 874
Kléber (Pneumatics) 790
Vachette (Locks) 600
Mefro Roues (Wheel rims) 584
Valco (Furniture) 575
Petitjean (Public lighting) 567
Jacquot (Chocolate) 550


No. Establishments
Hotels 66 1,991 rooms
Camping 23 1,618 places
Holiday Cottages 310 2,006 places


The utilized agricultural area is 379,720 hectares. Aube is the largest producer of hemp; the 2nd largest producer of champagne, cabbage for sauerkraut, medicinal poppies, and alfalfa; the 6th largest producer of potatoes; the 8th largest producer of cereals; and the 9th largest producer of beet in France.[8]

Population and society


Primary and secondary

In 2010 elementary and secondary education consisted of:

  • 11,568 students in kindergarten across 136 schools (including 1 private);[24]
  • 18,465 students in primary school across 255 schools (including 14 private);[24]
  • 12,311 students in college across 34 institutions (including 9 private);[25]
  • 5,199 students in schools of general education across 10 institutions (including 3 private);[25]
  • 2,666 students in vocational high school across 10 institutions (including 3 private).[25]

Higher education

According to the latest census of the academic inspectorate of Aube in 2009 the department has 8,794 students in higher education.[8][Note 4]

List of Universities and Higher Educational Schools

Public Schools

Private Schools

  • Graduate School of Commerce in Troyes
  • Supinfo


List of Hospitals and Health Clinics[8]
Hospitals and Clinics
Type of InstitutionNo. of Institutions
Children's Institutions
Type of InstitutionNo. of Institutions
Child Protection12
Handicapped Children's Centre18
Institutions for Handicapped Adults
Type of InstitutionNo. of Institutions
Institution to help for work8
Businesses adapted for handicapped people2
Professional rehabilitation Centres1
Specialised Foster Homes2
Accommodation Facilities20
Residential Home Care for the autistic2
Home Care2
Institutions for the Elderly
Type of InstitutionNo. of Institutions
Nursing Homes for the Elderly (EHPAD)38
Home Housing10
Long Term Care Units (USLD)5
Group Homes1
Home Care7
Rural Homes for the Elderly1


There are 580 clubs and sports associations in the Aube department.[26] The main ones are:

  • ES Troyes AC: soccer club in the French Ligue 1;
  • ETAC Handball: Handball Club at National Level 3;
  • Union Sportive de Sainte Maure Troyes Handball: Women's handball club at National Level 1;
  • Pygargues of Troyes: american football club in Division 2;
  • PLAVB (Troyes): volleyball club at Regional one;
  • SUMA (Troyes): Motoball club of France (one of the most successful) moved to elite since the 1930s;
  • Troyes roller hockey: roller hockey club playing at National Level 2;
  • Espadons (Swordfish )(Troyes): baseball club playing at Regional Level 1;
  • Romilly Association for Sports 10: which includes multiple sections.



At Troyes there are three independent local radio stations:

  • Radio Latitude: that broadcasts programming focused on the dance floor. This was the first local radio station in the department. It broadcasts from Troyes, Romilly-sur-Seine, and Vendeuvre-sur-Barse
  • Theme Radio: community radio broadcasting music and information flashes
  • Troyes Campus radio: rock music oriented radio and sometimes rap

At Romilly-sur-Seine, in addition to Latitude Radio, there is a local independent radio broadcaster: Radio Aube et Seine.

French Christian Radio (RCF) Aube is located in the department.


  • Canal 32: television network with a local Troyes and department station
  • France 3 Aube (France 3 Lorraine Champagne-Ardenne)

Daily newspapers

NamePlaceDistribution AreaPress GroupCirculation[27]
L'Est-ÉclairSaint-André-les-Vergers (agglomération de Troyes)AubeGroupe Hersant Média27,948
Libération ChampagneTroyesAubeGroupe Hersant Média6,395


All Aube jurisdictions are located in Troyes. The city has a Tribunal d'instance and a High Court, a commercial court and an Employment Tribunal for civil and criminal jurisdictions. There is also a Correctional court and a Juvenile court.

Appeals, however, are passed to the Court of Appeal in Reims.[28]

Waste management

Aube currently has two storage facilities for radioactive waste:

  • Storage Centre for Very Low Activity Waste (CSTFA)
  • Storage Centre for Low and Medium Activity Waste (CSFMA)

Culture and heritage

Cultural venues

Theatres and concerts

  • The Cube – in the Parc des Expositions in Troyes
  • Champagne Theatre
  • Théâtre of la Madeleine
  • Argence space


The four main theatres are:

Cultural festivities

  • Festival in Othe
  • Aube Templiers 2012 event


Monuments and tourist sites

The Aube has 365 historical monuments of which 144 are classified, and 221 are enrolled.[29]



Other historic sites

Tourist places

Notable people linked to the department

See also


  1. The complete list can be found at Water Courses of Aube (in French)
  2. Including transport and services
  3. Including education, health, and social workers
  4. This figure does not take into account students from the National Conservatory of Music in Troyes


  1. Inhabitants of France (in French)
  2. Denajar, Laurent (9 July 2017). "Carte archéologique de la Gaule: 10. Aube". Les Editions de la MSH via Google Books.
  3. Geographical Information, website, consulted on 24 June 2010 (in French)
  4. Geographical Presentation of the Aube department Archived 5 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Aube prefecture website, consulted on 22 September 2010 (in French)
  5. Readings from the Météo-France station at Barberey-Saint-Sulpice
  6. Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest
  7. Data from the Station at Troyes from 1981 to 2010 (in French)
  8. Aube and its budget, General Council of Aube, 2011, consulted on 14 May 2011 (in French)
  9. TCAT website Archived 15 March 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  10. List of Networks in Aube department, Trans'bus, consulted on 20 September 2010 (in French)
  11. Transdev Route Map (in French)
  12. Keolis Sud Lorraine (in French)
  13. Procars Champagne Archived 11 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  14. Autocars Bardy Archived 23 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  15. The port of Aube at Nogent-sur-Seine, Aube Développement, consulted on 21 September 2010 (in French)
  16. Saint-Potentien and Saint-Savinien, first preachers of the Gospel in Gaul Archived 8 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  17. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the peers of France, Volume 8, Jean Baptiste Pierre Jullien de Courcelles, 1827 (in French)
  18. Regions-Tourism-Arkantz, 2007, consulted on 19 September 2010 (in French)
  19. Foreign Policy Of Atatürk
  20. EOLAS. "Les élus au Conseil départemental – Département de l'Aube".
  22. Population of the main towns of Aube on the SPLAF website (in French)
  23. Results from the 2006 population census, INSEE, consulted on 22 September 2010 (in French)
  24. The first degree in Aube, rectory of the Academy of Reims, consulted on 27 October 2010 (in French)
  25. The second degree in Aube, rectory of the Academy of Reims, consulted on 27 October 2010 (in French)
  26. Lists of associations, Departmental Directorate of Youth and Sports in Aube Archived 18 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine, consulted on 23 September 2010 m (in French)
  27. Circulation is weekly in 2008, OJD Archived 10 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  28. Competent Jurisdictions for the commune of Troyes, consulted on 2 July 2010 (in French)
  29. Heritage and Architecture – Figures for 2012, Ministry of Culture and Communication, consulted on 7 June 2012 (in French)
  30. List of Museums on the Aube and Champagne Tourist website (in French)
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