Atwater is a city on State Route 99 in Merced County, California, United States. Atwater is 8 miles (13 km) west-northwest of Merced, at an elevation of 151 feet (46 m). The population as of the 2010 census was 28,168.
City of Atwater
Water tower in the city
Community Pride, City Wide
Location of Atwater in Merced County, California.
Location in California
Atwater (the United States)
Atwater (North America)
|Coordinates: 37°20′52″N 120°36′33″W|
|Incorporated||August 16, 1922|
|• Mayor||Paul Creighton|
|• State Senator||Anna Caballero (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Adam Gray (D)|
|• U. S. Rep.||Jim Costa (D)|
|• Total||6.10 sq mi (15.79 km2)|
|• Land||6.09 sq mi (15.78 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2) 0.14%|
|Elevation||151 ft (46 m)|
|• Density||4,825.51/sq mi (1,863.06/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (Pacific)|
|GNIS feature ID||277600|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2). 99.86% of it is land and 0.14% water.
The railroad reached Atwater in the 1870s, and a town grew up. The first post office opened in 1880. Atwater incorporated in 1922. The name honors Marshall D. Atwater, a wheat farmer whose land was used by the railroad for its station.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Atwater had a population of 28,168. The population density was 4,620.8 people per square mile (1,784.1/km²). The racial makeup of Atwater was 18,410 (65.4%) White, 14,808 (52.6%) Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1,225 (4.3%) African American, 364 (1.3%) Native American, 1,416 (5.0%) Asian, 76 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,300 (18.8%) from other races, and 1,377 (4.9%) from two or more races.
The Census reported that 28,066 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 31 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 71 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 8,838 households, out of which 4,255 (48.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,593 (52.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,558 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 672 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 615 (7.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 60 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,615 households (18.3%) were made up of individuals and 738 (8.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18. There were 6,823 families (77.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.61.
The population was spread out with 9,016 people (32.0%) under the age of 18, 2,968 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 7,492 people (26.6%) aged 25 to 44, 5,760 people (20.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,932 people (10.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
There were 9,771 housing units at an average density of 1,602.9 per square mile (618.9/km²), of which 4,905 (55.5%) were owner-occupied, and 3,933 (44.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 10.9%. 14,920 people (53.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,146 people (46.7%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,113 people, 7,247 households, and 5,667 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,277.4 people per square mile (1,652.6/km²). There were 8,114 housing units at an average density of 1,501.6/sq mi (580.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.34% White, 4.99% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 5.43% Asian, 0.36% Pacific Islander, 24.48% from other races, and 6.14% from two or more races. 41.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,247 households out of which 45.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.8% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.55.
In the city, the population was spread out with 34.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in Atwater is $37,344, and the median income for a family was $39,789. Males had a median income of $32,983 versus $22,450 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,162. About 15.3% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.
Primary and secondary schools
Private School St. Anthony's (Preschool, K-8)
Most of the city is zoned to the Atwater Elementary School District. Schools of AESD within Atwater and serving Atwater include:
A small section of eastern Atwater is located in the Merced City School District; that section is zoned to Rudolph Rivera Middle School. Franklin Elementary School is the closest elementary school to the section of Atwater.
|Ariel Dear Academy||2-12|
|Fruitland Christian Preschool||PK-K|
|Landmark Christian School||PK-12|
|St. Anthony School||PK-8|
Atwater currently does not have a daily newspaper, although many of its residents use the daily paper, the Merced Sun-Star, which is published in nearby Merced. Additionally Atwater residents rely on local Facebook pages such as "Merced county news". Atwater has two weekly newspapers called The Atwater Signal and The Atwater Times. The Atwater Signal was first published in 1911. The Atwater Times is published by Mid Valley Publications, once a week.
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- militarymuseum.org Merced Army Air Field, Castle Field
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-09-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Proposed Middle School Boundaries 2008-2009." Merced City School District.
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