Attica (region)

Attica Region (Greek: Περιφέρεια Αττικής, Periféria Attikís; IPA: [atiˈci]) is an administrative region of Greece, that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the country's capital and largest city. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.

Attica Region

Περιφέρεια Αττικής
Coordinates: 38.0°N 23.7°E / 38.0; 23.7
Country Greece
Decentralized AdministrationAttica
CapitalAthens
Regional units
Government
  Regional GovernorGiorgos Patoulis (New Democracy)
Area
  Total3,808.10 km2 (1,470.32 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
  Total3,828,434
  Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
GVA
  Total€85 billion
  Per capita€22,700
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeGR-I
NUTS codeEL3
HDI (2017)0.891[2]
very high · 1st
Websitewww.patt.gov.gr

Overview

Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Angistri, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.

Administration

The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform, and until 2010 it comprised the 4 prefectures of Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica.

With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.

The region is subdivided into eight subordinate regional units:[3]

Electoral districts

The Attica region consists of five electoral districts: Athens A, Athens B, Piraeus A, Piraeus B and Attica.

Major communities

See also

Economy

Attica is the only region in Greece with a GDP per capita higher than the average of the European Union. Despite that, the unemployment rate stood at 21.6% in 2017.[4]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
unemployment rate
(in %)
8.5 7.8 6.7 9.1 12.6 18.0 25.8 28.7 27.3 25.2 23.0 21.6

Transportation

Roads and highways

The main roads and highways of Attica are:

Ferry lines

Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and the "flying dolphins" (fast sea vessels), connect the port of Piraeus with the islands of the region.

Other

Sports

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.