Attack of the Alligators!

"Attack of the Alligators!" is the 24th episode of Thunderbirds, a British Supermarionation television series created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson and produced by their company AP Films (APF). Written by Alan Pattillo and directed by David Lane, it was first broadcast on 10 March 1966 on ATV Midlands .

"Attack of the Alligators!"
Thunderbirds episode
The plot of the episode sees a group of alligators (played by juvenile crocodiles) grow to enormous size after their swamp is contaminated by a food additive. While the episode has been praised for its narrative and production values, its use of live animals has caused controversy.[1]
Episode no.Series 1
Episode 24
Directed byDavid Lane
Written byAlan Pattillo
Cinematography byPaddy Seale
Editing byHarry Ledger
Production code24
Original air date10 March 1966
Guest appearance(s)

Voices of:
Sylvia Anderson as
Mrs Files
Ray Barrett as
Dr Orchard
David Graham as
John Tate (uncredited) as
Matt Zimmerman as
Hector McGill

Set in the 2060s, the series follows the exploits of International Rescue, an organisation that uses technologically-advanced rescue vehicles to save human life. The main characters are ex-astronaut Jeff Tracy, founder of International Rescue, and his five adult sons, who pilot the organisation's main vehicles: the Thunderbird machines. The plot of "Attack of the Alligators" sees a group of alligators grow to enormous size after their swamp is contaminated by a new food additive. When the reptiles lay siege to a house, International Rescue is called in to save the trapped occupants.

Combining science-fiction and haunted house themes, with a plot deliberately written to be "nightmarish", "Attack of the Alligators!" was filmed at APF Studios in Slough in late 1965. It was the first APF production to use live animals, the re-sized alligators being played by juvenile crocodiles.[2] Filming of the episode was controversial as the crew resorted to using electric shocks to coax movement out of the animals. Concern for the crocodiles' welfare prompted an investigation by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA), which ultimately took no action against APF.

"Attack of the Alligators!" remains a favourite with Thunderbirds fans and commentators and is generally regarded as one of the series' best episode.[3][4] Along with "The Cham-Cham", the next episode to enter production, it went over-budget, causing the final instalment of Thunderbirds Series One ("Security Hazard") to be re-written as a clip show to lower costs. In 1976, "Attack of the Alligators!" inspired an episode of The New Avengers titled "Gnaws", written by ex-Thunderbirds writer Dennis Spooner.


A businessman, Blackmer, visits the reclusive Dr Orchard, a scientist who lives in a dilapidated house on the Ambro River. From the local plant Sidonicus americanus, Orchard has developed a food additive called "theramine" that increases the size of animals. Enlargement of animal stock presents a simple solution to world famine as well as other economic advantages.

Blackmer's boatman, Culp, eavesdrops on the meeting. When a storm forces Blackmer to stay at the house overnight, Culp decides to steal the theramine and sell it to the highest bidder. Waiting until the house's other occupants are asleep, he breaks into Orchard's laboratory and pours some theramine into a vial. The rest of the supply is accidentally knocked into a sink and drains into the Ambro River.

When Blackmer and Culp leave the next morning, their boat is attacked by an alligator, now enormous due to the theramine contamination. Orchard's assistant, Hector McGill, manages to rescue Blackmer but Culp is nowhere to be found. The house is quickly surrounded by three giant alligators that repeatedly hurl themselves at the building with Orchard, Blackmer, McGill and the housekeeper, Mrs Files, trapped inside.

At Mrs Files' suggestion, McGill transmits a distress call to International Rescue. This is picked up by John Tracy (voiced by Ray Barrett) on the Thunderbird 5 space station and relayed to Tracy Island, where Jeff (voiced by Peter Dyneley) immediately dispatches his other four sons to the danger zone in Thunderbirds 1 and 2.

Arriving in Thunderbird 1 and transferring to a hover-jet, Scott (voiced by Shane Rimmer) fires the hover-jet's missile gun to disperse the alligators and accesses the house via the laboratory window. The room eventually caves in, forcing Scott and the others to retreat to the lounge. There, they are confronted by Culp, who holds them at gunpoint.

Virgil, Alan and Gordon (voiced by David Holliday, Matt Zimmerman and David Graham) arrive in Thunderbird 2. Alan and Gordon man tranquiliser guns and subdue two of the alligators. When the third returns to the house, Alan exits Thunderbird 2 on another hover-jet to lure it away. He hits a tree and falls off the hover-jet, but is saved by Gordon, who tranquilises the alligator before it reaches Alan.

Threatening to empty the entire theramine vial into the Ambro unless he is given safe passage upriver, Culp sets off in Blackmer's boat. At the same time, Gordon launches Thunderbird 4. A fourth, much larger alligator appears and attacks the boat, killing Culp.[2] Virgil disposes of the creature with a missile fired from Thunderbird 2. Later, Gordon finds the theramine vial intact on the riverbed.

After his sons return to Tracy Island, Jeff announces that theramine will be subject to international security restrictions. Tin-Tin (voiced by Christine Finn) has been away on a shopping trip and has bought Alan a present for his birthday – a pygmy alligator.


The episode was partly inspired by H. G. Wells' 1904 novel The Food of the Gods and How It Came to Earth and its theme of animal size change.[5] Another influence was the 1927 film The Cat and the Canary and its 1939 re-make,[6][7][8] both of which feature haunted house premises and stalker characters. Writer Alan Pattillo, who according to special effects supervisor Derek Meddings "had tried to come up with the most nightmarish rescue situation he could",[9] had wanted to direct the episode as well. Ultimately, however, it was directed by David Lane.[10]

"Attack of the Alligators!" was filmed in October and November 1965.[11] Production went over-schedule, forcing the crew to work extra hours, and sometimes long into the night, to complete the filming.[10] Special effects technician Ian Wingrove remembered that the episode's complex technical aspects once resulted in the crew "[working] day and night ... through a weekend".[12]

The alligators in the episode were portrayed not by actual alligators, as Gerry Anderson had originally intended,[13] but by juvenile crocodiles. These were acquired from a private zoo in the north of England to double as the enlarged alligators on the episode's scale sets and water tanks.[14][6] The crocodiles that appear in the episode were three feet (0.91 m) long; a larger specimen, measuring five feet (1.5 m), was not used as it was too aggressive to be taken out of its box.[14] The crew kept the water tanks heated to a suitably warm temperature and used electric shocks to coax movement out of the crocodiles.[6] The animals were unpredictable and difficult to control, either basking in the heat of the studio lights or disappearing into the tanks for hours at a time.[9][12][15] To make them more visible to the cameras, the crew attached them to guiding rods and co-ordinated their movements.[12] The use of live animals in both puppet and scale model shots required an unusually close collaboration between the puppet and effects crews.[10]

Effects director Brian Johnson and several other crew members boycotted the production on animal welfare grounds.[6] Camera operator Alan Perry did not remember any of the crocodiles being mistreated; series supervising director Desmond Saunders, however, claimed that more than one specimen died of pneumonia after being left overnight in an unheated tank.[16] Director David Elliott, though filming a different episode at the time, recalled that another dislocated one of its limbs after receiving an electric shock.[16] Puppet operator Christine Glanville admitted that the filming would not have been pleasant for crocodiles because the tanks contained "all sorts of dirty paint water, oil and soapy water to make it look swampy."[14] Saunders commented: "It was scandalous. It was one of the great episodes. Nevertheless there was a price to be paid for it."[16]

I got a call from the operator to say that an RSPCA man had turned up ... He said, 'It's been reported that your boys are giving [the crocodiles] electric shocks,' and I said, 'Well, I didn't know that, but let's go on to the stage and have a look.' So we went on to the stage and he was very, very grave and terribly concerned, but then he saw one of the puppets and he said, 'You're not filming Thunderbirds are you? Oh, God, that's my favourite programme.' ... He ended up taking his annual leave and coming to the studio to work for us, and he was personally giving the crocodiles electric shocks.

 Gerry Anderson (2000)[13]

Concerns about possible animal cruelty prompted an anonymous telephone call to the RSPCA, which sent an inspector to the studios.[9][16] After a brief investigation, no action was taken against APF.[13] This coincided with a decision to increase the voltage of the electric shocks to induce greater movement from the crocodiles.[16] According to Gerry Anderson, when the inspector arrived, "Meddings explained that his team were laying the crocodiles down and they weren't doing anything. They were just lying there. The RSPCA man said, well, they would, because of the warmth of the lamps. So Derek said, 'We've been giving them a touch with an electrode just to make them move.' The guy asked what voltage they were using and Derek said it was about 20 volts, and the guy said, 'Oh, they've got terribly thick skins, you know. If you want them to move, you'll have to pump it up to 60.'"[13] The inspector later joined the production to work alongside the crocodiles' handler.[9]

Filming with the crocodiles was often hazardous. During a promotional photography shoot featuring Lady Penelope (who does not appear in the episode), one of the animals attacked the puppet and destroyed one of its legs.[12][14][16][17] During the filming of a particular scene, Meddings was pulling a crocodile towards him on a rope when the animal slid out of its harness.[8][14][16][18] In his book 21st Century Visions, Meddings wrote of the incident: "My crew never saw me move as fast as I did to get out of the tank when I pulled the rope and realised the creature was free."[9] Of the largest crocodile, which was kept at the back of the stage when not being used, Wingrove recalled: "You would forget that it was there, then one day someone shouted 'Look out!' and we turned round to see this big crocodile walking across the stage – which cleared of people very quickly!"[12]

Both this episode and "The Cham-Cham", the next episode to enter production, exceeded their budgets. This led the writers to re-script the final episode of Thunderbirds Series One ("Security Hazard") as a clip show to reduce costs.[19]

The opening scene features an insert shot of a stormy sky that was later used to introduce the opening titles of The Prisoner.[2]


"Attack of the Alligators!" was seen by 4.78 million viewers when it was broadcast on BBC2 on 20 March 1992.

BBC Two repeated Thunderbirds in 2000, a year known for several major rail accidents in the UK (notably the Hatfield rail crash; others occurred in Tisbury, Wiltshire and Hither Green, London). Consequently, it was decided to postpone the transmissions of the episodes "The Perils of Penelope" and "Brink of Disaster" (both of which feature train disasters) until the end of the run. "Brink of Disaster" was replaced with "Attack of the Alligators", which was the 11th episode to be repeated.


It was the one episode that gave us so much trouble. We had to work night and day ... We had a lot of fun, but it was a lot of heartache trying to get [the crocodiles] to do what you wanted them to do.

 Derek Meddings (1993)[5]

"Attack of the Alligators!" is a popular episode of Thunderbirds and is widely regarded as one of the series' best.[20][21][22][23] It was well received by Sylvia Anderson, who described it as her favourite episode.[24] Stephen La Rivière considers the plot to be one of the most unusual of the series.[5] Lew Grade, head of distributor ITC, expressed great satisfaction with the filming during a visit to APF Studios in 1965.[14]

In 2004, "Attack of the Alligators!" was re-issued on DVD in North America as part of A&E Video's The Best of Thunderbirds: The Favorite Episodes.[3] Reviewing the release for the website DVD Verdict, David Gutierrez awarded "Attack of the Alligators!" a perfect score of 100, declaring it the best episode in the collection and praising its production values: "It's like a beautifully directed short film".[3] He elaborated: "'Attack of the Alligators!' serves as a terrific example of how strong Thunderbirds can look. It's not Howdy Doody sporting a jetpack – it's an hour-long programme that feels like a motion picture."[3]

Susanna Lazarus of Radio Times suggests that the episode is memorable specifically for its crocodile footage.[25] The techniques used to produce the footage have caused the episode to be described as "controversial" by some sources.[4] Mark Pickavance of the website Den of Geek criticises the footage from a visual standpoint, arguing that the use of scale sets with young crocodiles, "shot in super close-up to make them seem huge", does not produce a convincing illusion of giant alligators.[1] Author Dave Thompson compares the giant reptiles to Swamp Thing, a superorganism featured in the DC Comics Universe.[26]

In 1976, ex-Thunderbirds writer Dennis Spooner adapted the premise of "Attack of the Alligators!" to write "Gnaws", an episode of The New Avengers featuring an enlarged rat.[2]


  1. Pickavance, Mark (5 February 2013). "10 Things We'd Like to See in the New Thunderbirds Series". Den of Geek. London, UK: Dennis Publishing. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  2. Bentley 2005, p. 87.
  3. Gutierrez, David (28 July 2004). "The Best of Thunderbirds: The Favorite Episodes DVD Review". DVD Verdict. Verdict Partners. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  4. Galbraith IV, Stuart (28 June 2004). "The Best of Thunderbirds: The Favorite Episodes DVD Review". DVD Talk. Internet Brands. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  5. La Rivière 2009, p. 125.
  6. Bentley, Chris (2008) [2001]. The Complete Gerry Anderson: The Authorised Episode Guide (4th ed.). London, UK: Reynolds & Hearn. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-905287-74-1.
  7. Archer 2004, p. 74.
  8. Falk, Quentin; Falk, Ben (2005). Television's Strangest Moments: Extraordinary but True Tales from the History of Television. Strangest Moments. Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-86105-874-4.
  9. Meddings 1993, p. 75.
  10. La Rivière 2009, p. 127.
  11. La Rivière 2009, p. 129.
  12. Sisson, David (2011). "Stingray, Thunderbirds & Wobbling UFOs ... A Conversation With Special Effects Man Ian Wingrove". Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  13. Bentley 2005, p. 29.
  14. Bentley 2005, p. 30.
  15. Meddings 1993, p. 74.
  16. La Rivière 2009, p. 126.
  17. Archer 2004, p. 20.
  18. Archer 2004, p. 41.
  19. Bentley 2005, p. 31.
  20. Khan, Urmee (24 December 2008). "Brains from Thunderbirds to Help People Combat Post-New Year's Eve Hangovers". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK: Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  21. Sweney, Mark (22 December 2008). "Thunderbirds to be given TV Revival". The Guardian. London, UK: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 2 March 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  22. Fillis, Mike (October 2000). "Instant Guide to Thunderbirds". Cult Times. Visual Imagination (61). Archived from the original on 24 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  23. Reynolds, Simon (23 December 2008). "Thunderbirds Make Sci Fi Channel Return". Digital Spy. London, UK: Hearst Magazines UK. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  24. Anderson, Sylvia. "Thunderbirds – Episode Guide". Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  25. Lazarus, Susanna (27 December 2012). "Gerry Anderson's Greatest Hits". London, UK: Immediate Media Company. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  26. Thompson, Dave (2010). Bayou Underground: Tracing the Mythical Roots of American Popular Music. Toronto, Canada: ECW Press. ISBN 978-1-55022-962-2.


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