Asbury Park, New Jersey

Asbury Park /æzbɛr/ is a city in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, located on the Jersey Shore and part of the New York City Metropolitan Area.

Asbury Park, New Jersey
City of Asbury Park
From Left: Asbury Park Convention Hall (image courtesy of Dave Frey), Main Street, Tillie, Cookman Ave, Old Heating Plant, Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel
Map of Asbury Park in Monmouth County, New Jersey, along the Atlantic Ocean (also see: full-state map).
Asbury Park
Location in Monmouth County
Asbury Park
Location in New Jersey
Asbury Park
Location in the United States
Asbury Park
Asbury Park (North America)
Coordinates: 40.222884°N 74.010232°W / 40.222884; -74.010232[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedMarch 26, 1874 as (borough)
ReincorporatedFebruary 28, 1893 (as city)
Named forFrancis Asbury
  TypeFaulkner Act (Council-Manager)
  BodyCity Council
  MayorJohn B. Moor (term ends December 31, 2022)[4][5][6]
  ManagerMichael Capabianco[5][7]
  Municipal clerkCindy A. Dye[8][9]
  Total1.603 sq mi (4.151 km2)
  Land1.424 sq mi (3.687 km2)
  Water0.179 sq mi (0.464 km2)  11.17%
Area rank441st of 566 in state
36th of 53 in county[1]
Elevation16 ft (5 m)
  Rank158th of 566 in state
14th of 53 in county[15]
  Density11,319.5/sq mi (4,370.5/km2)
  Density rank24th of 566 in state
1st of 53 in county[15]
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)732[18]
FIPS code3402501960[1][19][20]
GNIS feature ID0885141[1][21]

As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 16,116,[11][12][13] reflecting a decline of 814 (−4.8%) from the 16,930 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 131 (+0.8%) from the 16,799 counted in the 1990 Census.[22]

It was ranked the sixth-best beach in New Jersey in the 2008 Top 10 Beaches Contest sponsored by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium.[23]

Asbury Park was originally incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1874, from portions of Ocean Township. The borough was reincorporated on February 28, 1893. Asbury Park was incorporated as a city, its current type of government, as of March 25, 1897.[24]


Early years

A seaside community, Asbury Park is located on New Jersey's central coast. Developed in 1871 as a residential resort by New York brush manufacturer James A. Bradley, the city was named for Francis Asbury, the first American bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States.[25][26][27] The founding of Ocean Grove in 1869, a Methodist camp meeting to the south, encouraged the development of Asbury Park and led to its being a "dry town."

Bradley was active in the development of much of the city's infrastructure, and despite his preference for gas light, he allowed the Atlantic Coast Electric Company (precursor to today's Jersey Central Power & Light Co.) to offer electric service.[28] Along the waterfront Bradley installed the Asbury Park Boardwalk, an orchestra pavilion, public changing rooms and a pier at the south end of that boardwalk. Such success attracted other businessmen. In 1888, Ernest Schnitzler built the Palace Merry-Go-Round on the southwest corner of Lake Avenue and Kingsley Street, the cornerstone of what would become the Palace Amusements complex; other attractions followed.[29] During these early decades in Asbury Park, a number of grand hotels were built, including the Plaza Hotel.[30]

Uriah White, an Asbury Park pioneer, installed the first artesian well water system.[31] As many as 600,000 people a year vacationed in Asbury Park during the summer season in the early years, riding the New York and Long Branch Railroad from New York City and Philadelphia to enjoy the mile-and-a-quarter stretch of oceanfront Asbury Park.[31] By 1912, The New York Times estimated that the summer population could reach 200,000.[32]

The country by the sea destination experienced several key periods of popularity. The first notable era was the 1890s, marked by a housing growth, examples of which can still be found today in a full range of Victorian architecture. Coinciding with the nationwide trend in retail shopping, Asbury Park's downtown flourished during this period and well into the 20th century.

1920s and modern development


The 1920s saw a dramatic change in the boardwalk with the construction of the Paramount Theatre and Convention Hall complex, the Casino Arena and Carousel House, and two handsome red-brick pavilions. Beaux Arts architect Warren Whitney of New York was the designer. He had also been hired to design the imposing Berkeley-Carteret Hotel positioned diagonally across from the theater and hall. At the same time, Asbury Park launched a first-class education and athletic program with the construction of a state-of-the-art high school overlooking Deal Lake.


On September 8, 1934, the wreck of the ocean liner SS Morro Castle, which caught fire and burned, beached itself near the city just yards away from the Asbury Park Convention Hall; the city capitalized on the event, turning the wreck into a tourist attraction.[33]

In 1935, the newly founded Securities and Exchange Commission called Asbury Park's Mayor Clarence F. Hetrick to testify about $6 million in "beach improvement bonds" that had gone into default. At the same time, the SEC also inquired about rental rates on the beach front and why the mayor reduced the lease of a bathhouse from $85,000 to $40,000, among many other discrepancies that could have offset debt.[34] The interests of Asbury Park's bond investors led Senator Frank Durand (Monmouth County) to add a last-minute "Beach Commission" amendment to a municipal debt bill in the New Jersey legislature. When the bill became law, it ceded control of the Asbury Park beach to Governor Harold Hoffman and a governor's commission.[35][36] The city of Asbury Park sued to restore control of the beach to the municipal council, but the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals (until 1947, the state's highest court) upheld the validity of the law in 1937.[37] When Durand pressed New Jersey's legislature to extend the state's control of Asbury Park's beach in 1938, the lower house staged a walk out and the Senate soon adjourned, a disruption that also prevented a vote for funding New Jersey's participation in the 1939 New York World's Fair.[38][39] In December 1938, the court returned control of the beach to the municipal council under the proviso that a bond repayment agreement was created; Asbury Park was the only beach in New Jersey affected by the Beach Commission law.[40]


In 1943, the New York Yankees held their spring training in Asbury Park instead of Florida.[41] This was because rail transport had to be conserved during the war, and Major League Baseball's Spring Training was limited to an area east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River.[42]

With the opening of the Garden State Parkway in 1947, Asbury Park saw the travel market change as fewer vacationers took trains to the seashore. While the Asbury Park exit on the Parkway opened in 1956 and provided a means for drivers to reach Asbury Park more easily, additional exits further south allowed drivers access to new alternative vacation destinations, particularly on Long Beach Island.[43]:71–72

1950s and beyond

In the decades that followed the war, surrounding farm communities gave way to tracts of suburban houses, encouraging the city's middle-class blacks as well as whites to move into newer houses with spacious yards.[43]:190

With the above-mentioned change in the travel market, prompted by the opening of the Garden State Parkway in 1947 and the opening of Monmouth Mall 10 miles (16 km) away in Eatontown in 1960, Asbury Park's downtown became less of an attraction to shoppers. Office parks built outside the city resulted in the relocation of accountants, dentists, doctors, lawyers, and other professionals. Moreover, the opening of Great Adventure (on July 1, 1974), a combination theme park and drive-through safari located on a lake in Jackson Township—and close to a New Jersey Turnpike exit—proved to be stiff competition for a mile-long stretch of aging boardwalk amusements.[44]

Riots that broke out in the city on July 4, 1970, resulted in the destruction of aging buildings along Springwood Avenue, one of three main east-west corridors into Asbury Park and the central shopping and entertainment district for those living in the city's southwest quadrant.[45] Many of those city blocks have yet to be redeveloped into the 21st century.

Although it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places,[46] Palace Amusements was closed in 1988 and was demolished in 2004 despite attempts to save it.[47] The complex had featured the famous face of Tillie, a symbol of the Jersey Shore.[47]

In 1990, the famous carousel at the Casino Pier was sold to Family Kingdom Amusement Park in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, where it continues to operate.[48]

21st century

From 2002 onward, the rest of Asbury Park has been in the midst of a cultural, political, and economic revival, including a burgeoning industry of local and national artists. Its dilapidated downtown district is undergoing revitalization while most of the nearly empty blocks that overlook the beach and boardwalk are slated for massive reconstruction. In 2005, the Casino's walkway reopened, as did many of the boardwalk pavilions.[49]

In 2007, the eastern portion of the Casino building was demolished. There are plans to rebuild this portion to look much like the original; however, the interior will be dramatically different and may include a public market (as opposed to previously being an arena and skating rink). There has also been more of a resurgence of the downtown as well as the boardwalk, with the grand reopening of the historic Steinbach department store building, as well as the rehabilitation of Convention Hall and the Fifth Avenue Pavilion (previously home to one of the last remaining Howard Johnson's restaurants). The historic Berkeley-Carteret Hotel, which is to be restored to four-star resort status, was acquired in 2007; the first residents moving into the newly constructed condominiums known as North Beach, the rehabilitation of Ocean Avenue, and the opening of national businesses on Asbury Avenue.

After Hurricane Sandy, Asbury Park was one of the few communities on the Jersey Shore to reopen successfully for the 2013 summer season. Most of the boardwalk had not been badly damaged by the massive hurricane. On Memorial Day Weekend 2013, Governor Chris Christie and President Barack Obama participated in an official ceremony before a crowd of 4,000, marking the reopening of Asbury Park and other parts of the Jersey Shore. The "Stronger Than The Storm" motto was emphasized at this ceremony.[50][51]

Gay community

Since the 1950s at least, Asbury Park has had a growing gay community. After the property values plummeted, gays from New York City purchased and restored Victorian homes, leading to a rejuvenation of parts of the city.[52] In 1999, dance music pioneer Shep Pettibone opened Paradise Nightclub, a gay discotheque near the ocean. He has since also opened the Empress Hotel, the state's only gay-oriented hotel. Another notable establishment is Georgie's (formerly the Fifth Avenue Tavern). Every summer the Jersey Gay Pride parade draws thousands of LGBT people to the city.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 1.603 square miles (4.151 km2), including 1.424 square miles (3.687 km2) of land and 0.179 square miles (0.464 km2) of water (11.17%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include North Asbury and Whitesville (located along the city's border with Neptune Township).[53]

The city borders the Monmouth County communities of Interlaken, Loch Arbour, Neptune Township and Ocean Township.[54]

Deal Lake covers 158 acres (64 ha) and is overseen by the Deal Lake Commission, which was established in 1974. Seven municipalities border the lake, accounting for 27 miles (43 km) of shoreline, also including Allenhurst, Deal, Interlaken, Loch Arbour, Neptune Township and Ocean Township.[55]


Historical population
Est. 201815,511[14][56][57]−3.8%
Population sources: 1900-1920[58]
1900–1910[59] 1900–1930[60]
1930-1990[61] 2000[62][63] 2010[11][12][13]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,116 people, 6,725 households, and 3,174.200 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,319.5 per square mile (4,370.5/km2). There were 8,076 housing units at an average density of 5,672.4 per square mile (2,190.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 36.45% (5,875) White, 51.35% (8,275) Black or African American, 0.49% (79) Native American, 0.48% (77) Asian, 0.12% (20) Pacific Islander, 7.64% (1,232) from other races, and 3.46% (558) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.53% (4,115) of the population.[11]

There were 6,725 households out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 18.2% were married couples living together, 23.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.8% were non-families. 42.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.33.[11]

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 95.9 males.[11]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $33,527 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,802) and the median family income was $27,907 (+/− $5,012). Males had a median income of $34,735 (+/− $3,323) versus $33,988 (+/− $4,355) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,368 (+/− $1,878). About 31.1% of families and 29.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.9% of those under age 18 and 26.0% of those age 65 or over.[64]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census[19] there were 16,930 people, 6,754 households, and 3,586 families residing in the city. The population density was 14,290.0 per square mile (5,629.4/km2) making it Monmouth County's most densely populated municipality. There were 7,744 housing units at an average density of 5,416.7 per square mile (2,090.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 15.77% White, 67.11% Black, 0.32% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.49% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.58% of the population.[62][63]

There were 6,754 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 20.2% were married couples living together, 26.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.9% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.36.[62][63]

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.[62][63]

The median income for a household in the city was $23,081, and the median income for a family was $26,370. Males had a median income of $27,081 versus $24,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,516. About 29.3% of families and 40.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.5% of those under age 18 and 37.1% of those age 65 or over.[62][63]


Urban Enterprise Zone

Portions of the city are part of a joint Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) with Long Branch, one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. The city was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program.[65] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6 58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[66] Established in September 1994, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in September 2025.[67]


At one time, there were many hotels along the beachfront. Many were demolished after years of sitting vacant, although the Sixth Avenue House Bed & Breakfast Hotel (formerly Berea Manor) was recently restored after being abandoned in the 1970s—it is no longer operational and was sold as a single family home. Hotels like the Berkeley and Oceanic Inn have operated concurrently for decades, while the Empress Hotel and Hotel Tides were recently restored and reopened. The Asbury Hotel, located on 5th Avenue, was the first hotel to be "built" in Asbury Park in 50+ years. It stands where the old Salvation Army building once stood, which has sat vacant for over a decade. The building itself was not torn down, but the entire inside was gutted and redone. Glass paneling was added to the front and all the original outside brickwork was kept. While located a block and a half from the beach, a great view of the ocean is still offered by the upper floors and rooftop.

Currently open hotels include the Berkeley Oceanfront Hotel (formerly the Berkeley-Carteret Oceanfront Hotel), The Empress Hotel, Hotel Tides, Asbury Park Inn, Oceanic Inn, Mikell's Big House Bed & Breakfast as well as The Asbury Hotel and The Asbury Ocean Club Hotel,[68] both developed by iStar, the Master Developer for the Asbury Park Waterfront.



Local media includes:

  • The Asbury Park Press
  • The award-winning weekly newspaper The Coaster has covered local news in Asbury Park since it was founded in 1983.
  • The Asbury Park Sun
  • The owner of TriCity News, a weekly news and art publication for Monmouth County, chose Asbury Park for its headquarters.[71]

Arts and culture

Music scene

The Asbury Park music scene gained prominence in the 1960s with bands such as the Jaywalkers and many others, who combined rock and roll, rhythm and blues, soul and doo-wop to create what became known as the Sound of Asbury Park (S.O.A.P.). On December 9, 2006, founding members of S.O.A.P. reunited for the "Creators of S.O.A.P.: Live, Raw, and Unplugged" concert at The Stone Pony and to witness the dedication of a S.O.A.P. plaque on the boardwalk outside of Convention Hall. The original plaque included the names Johnny Shaw, Billy Ryan, Bruce Springsteen, Garry Tallent, Steve Van Zandt, Mickey Holiday, "Stormin'" Norman Seldin, Vini "Mad Dog" Lopez, Fast Eddie "Doc Holiday" Wohanka, Billy "Cherry Bomb" Lucia, Clarence Clemons, Nicky Addeo, Donnie Lowell, Jim "Jack Valentine" Cattanach, Ken "Popeye" Pentifallo, Jay Pilling, John "Cos" Consoli, Gary "A" Arntz, Larry "The Great" Gadsby, Steve "Mole" Wells, Ray Dahrouge, Johnny "A" Arntz, David Sancious, Margaret Potter, Tom Potter, Sonny Kenn, Tom Wuorio, Rick DeSarno, Southside Johnny Lyon, Leon Trent, Buzzy Lubinsky, Danny Federici, Bill Chinnock, Patsy Siciliano, and Sam Siciliano. An additional plaque was added on August 29, 2008 honoring John Luraschi, Carl "Tinker" West, George Theiss, Vinnie Roslin, Mike Totaro, Lenny Welch, Steve Lusardi, and Johnny Petillo.[72]

Musicians and bands with strong ties to Asbury Park, many of whom frequently played clubs there on their way to fame, include Fury of Five, The Gaslight Anthem, Clarence Clemons, the E Street Band, Jon Bon Jovi and Bon Jovi, Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes, Patti Smith, Arthur Pryor, Count Basie, The Clash, U.S. Chaos, Johnny Thunders, The Ramones, The Exploited, Charged GBH, Marty Munsch, Gary U.S. Bonds, along with many more.

In 1973 Bruce Springsteen released his debut album Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J. On his follow-up album, The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle, one of the songs is entitled "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)". Several books chronicle the early years of Springsteen's career in Asbury Park. Daniel Wolff's 4 July Asbury Park examines the social, political and cultural history of the city with a special emphasis on the part that music played in the city's development, culminating in Springsteen. Beyond the Palace by Gary Wien is a comprehensive look at the local music scene that Springsteen emerged from, and includes many photographs of musicians and clubs. Against the backdrop of the fading resort, Alex Austin's novel The Red Album of Asbury Park tracks a young rock musician pursuing his dream in the late 60s/early 70s, with Springsteen as a potent but as yet unknown rival.[73]

A B&W multi-camera recording of Blondie in 1979, just prior to the release of their fourth album, Eat to the Beat, was taped at the Asbury Park Convention Hall on July 7, a home-state crowd for Jersey girl Debbie Harry, who was raised in Hawthorne.[74]

New Jersey Music Hall of Fame

The New Jersey Music Hall of Fame was founded in Asbury Park in 2005. There are plans to build a museum somewhere in the city as part of the redevelopment.[75]

Asbury hip-hop and other music

The West Side of Asbury Park has traditionally been home to music, including jazz, soul, gospel, doo wop, and R&B. African American artists such as the Jersey Shore's own Count Basie as well as Duke Ellington, Lenny Welch, the Broadways, Josephine Baker, Bobby Thomas, Clarence Clemons and others "either played or were inspired by the afro-centered Springwood Avenue club circuit on the West Side of Asbury Park" in the mid-century period.[76]

The Asbury Park Music Foundation, working with Lakehouse Music Academy and the Boys & Girls Club of Monmouth County, founded the Hip Hop Institute to teach music and life skills education relevant to young hip hop enthusiasts.

The Asbury Park Museum hosts an exhibit on the history of music on the West Side, spanning the decades from 1880 to 1980.[77]

Live music and arts venues

Asbury Park is considered a destination for musicians, particularly a subgenre of rock and roll known as the Jersey Shore sound, which is infused with R&B. It is home to venues including:

  • The Stone Pony, founded in 1974, a starting point for many performers.
  • Across town, on Fourth Avenue, is Asbury Lanes, a recently reopened functioning bowling alley and bar with live performances ranging from musical acts (formerly with a heavy focus on punk music), neo-Burlesque, hot rod, and art shows. The reopened venue's latest focused has been mostly on indie rock and pop.
  • The Saint, on Main Street (formerly the Clover Club), which brings original, live music to the Jersey Shore.
  • Convention Hall holds larger events.
  • The Paramount Theatre
  • The Wonder Bar.
  • The Empress Hotel is an LGBT resort owned by music producer Shep Pettibone that features Paradise Nightclub.
  • The Baronet, a vintage movie theater which dates back to Buster Keaton's era, was near Asbury Lanes, but its roof recently caved in and the building was demolished. The Asbury Hotel pays homage to this once great theater with its 5th floor rooftop movie theater called "The Baronet". The Asbury Hotel also has an 8th floor rooftop bar, paying homage to the former building inhabitants and calling it "Salvation."

In a town that was once nearly abandoned, there are now over 60 restaurants, bars, coffee houses, two breweries, a coffee roastery, and live music venues situated in Asbury Park's boardwalk and downtown districts.

Festivals and other recurring arts events

  • The Asbury Park Music + Film Festival (APMFF). This event is held annually in the spring.[78]
  • Asbury Park Surf Music Festival. This event featuring surf music bands is held on the boardwalk in August.
  • The Asbury Music Awards. Formerly known as the Golden T-Bird Awards, these were established in 1993 by Scott Stamper and Pete Mantas to recognize and support significant contributions and achievements of local and regional participants in the music industry. The name of the awards was changed to the Asbury Music Awards in 1995. The award ceremony is held in November of each year, most recently at the Stone Pony.[79]
  • The Sea.Hear.Now Festival. This surfing and music festival first appeared on the beach in Asbury Park in September 2018. It is billed as a celebration of live music, art, ocean sustainability, and surf culture. Digital pop culture magazine "The Pop Break" named Sea.Hear.Now the best new music festival of the year in 2018.[80][81]
  • Music Mondays at Springwood Park. These are weekly live music events held at Springwood Park in the summer months. Hosted by the Asbury Park Music Foundation.[82]
  • The Wave Gathering Music Festival. This festival was established in 2006. The festival is held during the summer. Businesses across Asbury Park offer food, drink, art, music, crafts, and their stages for performances. Stages are also set up in parks, on the boardwalk, and in other open spaces. The event takes place over several days.[83]
  • First Saturdays. Popular with numerous Asbury Park residents and visitors is the monthly First Saturday event. On the first Saturday of every month, Asbury Park's downtown art galleries, home design studios, restaurants, antique shops, and clothing boutiques remain open throughout the evening, serving hors d'oeuvres and offering entertainment, to showcase the city's residential and commercial resurgence.[84]
  • The Asbury Park Tattoo Convention, also known as the Visionary Tattoo Festival, is held every July.[85]
  • The Garden State Film Festival. In 2003, actor Robert Pastorelli founded the Garden State Film Festival, which draws over 30,000 visitors to Asbury Park each spring for a four-day event including screenings of 150 features, documentaries, shorts and videos, concerts, lectures and workshops for filmmakers. In 2012, a film industry exposition will be held for the first time in Convention Hall during the Festival.[86]
  • The Bamboozle Music Festival. This was first held in Asbury Park in 2003, 2004, and 2005.[87] The festival returned to its original location for the ten-year anniversary in 2012, headlined by My Chemical Romance, Foo Fighters, and Bon Jovi, drawing over 90,000 people to the city over the three-day span in which it was held.[88]
  • The Asbury Park Women's Convention is held each winter.

Murals and other public art

Noted muralists and other local artists have installed various murals along the Asbury Park boardwalk and the cityscape in recent years. The 2016 Wooden Walls Mural Project began in July of that year and reimagined the Sunset Pavilion building with around a dozen new murals.[89][90]

Other arts and entertainment

On October 5, 2013, the largest gathering of zombies was achieved by the 9,592 participants in New Jersey Zombie Walk at the Asbury Park Boardwalk, an event held in Asbury Park every October.[91]

Surfing and other sports

Every winter, when the surf grows colder and rougher than in the summer, the city is home to the Cold War, an annual cold water surfing battle.

In 1943, the New York Yankees held spring training in Asbury Park to comply with restrictions on rail travel during World War II.[92]

Asbury Park is the nominal home to Asbury Park F.C., described as "Asbury Park's most storied sports franchise and New Jersey's second-best football club." The project is a parody of a modern pro soccer team born out of a joke between social media professional and soccer tastemaker Shawn Francis and his friend Ian Perkins, guitarist with The Gaslight Anthem. Despite never playing games the club has an extensive merchandise line available online, including new and retro replica jerseys.[93]

Parks and recreation

Parks include:[94]

  • Springwood Park. Springwood Park is a park[95] established in 2016 near the Asbury Park train station, adjacent to the Second Baptist Church of Asbury Park, a historically African-American congregation founded in 1885.[96] It is across from Kula Urban Farm and Kula Cafe, an urban farm and small restaurant that grows produce for local restaurants.[97] Springwood Park is home to Music Mondays, weekly live-music outdoor events in the summer months that are hosted by the Asbury Park Music Foundation.[82] The park is also home to political and/or civil rights rallies from time to time.[98]
  • Wheeler Park


Local government

The City of Asbury Park is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Council-Manager form of government. The city was previously governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government until voters approved the Council-Manager form in 2013.[99] The government consists of a five-member City Council with a directly elected mayor and four council positions all elected at-large in non-partisan elections, to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis in elections held in even years as part of the November general election.[5][99]

The form of government was chosen based on the final report issued in August 2013 by a Charter Study Commission that had narrowed its options to the weak Mayor Council-Manager form or the strong Mayor Faulkner Act form, ultimately choosing to recommend the Council-Manager form as it would retain desired aspects of the 1923 Municipal Manager Law (non-partisan voting for an at-large council with a professional manager) while allowing a directly elected mayor, elections in November and grants voters the right to use initiative and referendum.[100] The four winning council candidates in the November 2014 general election drew straws, with two being chosen to serve full four-year terms and two serving for two years. Thereafter, two council seats will be up for election every two years.[101]

As of 2018, members of the Asbury Park City Council are Mayor John Moor (term of office ends December 31, 2018), Deputy Mayor Amy Quinn (2020), Eileen Chapman (2020), Barbara "Yvonne" Clayton (2020) and Jesse Kendle (2018).[4][5][102][103][104][105]

In May 2016, the City Council appointed Eileen Chapman to fill the vacant council seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by Joe Woerner until he resigned from office.[106]

Myra Campbell, the last mayor under the old form of government, was the first African-American woman to be chosen as mayor when she took office in July 2013.[107]

Fire Department

Asbury Park Fire Department (APFD)
Operational area
StateNew Jersey
CityAsbury Park
Address800 Main Street
Agency overview
Annual calls~7,647 (2018)
EMS levelBLS Transport
Facilities and equipment

The Asbury Park Fire Department is a full service professional organization with highly trained personnel that provide a wide variety of services to meet the needs of the city's residents and visitors.

All Asbury Park's fire apparatus are staffed with skilled, cross-trained firefighter/emergency medical technicians who provide basic life support skills and fight fires. Specialty teams allow the Asbury Park Fire Department to deal with chemical spills, provide technical rescues to individuals trapped in water, trenches, confined spaces, or collapsed buildings. The extensive training and expertise of our members result in the fire department providing quality and cost-efficient services to our community.

Beyond providing emergency services, the Asbury Park Fire Department works to prevent future fires and accidents. Department responsibilities range from fire code enforcement, arson investigations, and fire prevention activities to fire and life safety education programs for children, families, and seniors.

Asbury Park currently has a centrally located fire station (with a new one planned for the future), with one Engine Company, one Truck Company, two Basic Life Support Ambulances, and a Duty Battalion Chief. The department's apparatus fleet includes 4 engines, 2 Ladder Trucks, 1 Technical Rescue Response Vehicle, in addition to other equipment The Asbury Park Fire Department employs 54 people, of which, 53 are certified Firefighter/Emergency Medical Technicians.


Federal, state, and county representation

Asbury Park is located in the 6th Congressional district[109] and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district.[12][110][111]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[112][113] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[114] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[115][116]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).[117][118]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[119] As of 2018, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2019; term as freeholder director ends 2018),[120] Freeholder Deputy Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, term as freeholder ends 2020; term as deputy director ends 2018),[121] John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township, 2018),[122] Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020)[123] and Dr. Gerry P. Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township, 2019; appointed to serve an unexpired term).[124][125] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),[126][127] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2019; Howell Township)[128][129] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).[130]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,404 registered voters in Asbury Park, of which 2,723 (36.8%) were registered as Democrats, 464 (6.3%) were registered as Republicans and 4,209 (56.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.[131]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 89.1% of the vote (4,317 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 9.9% (480 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (49 votes), among the 4,896 ballots cast by the city's 8,486 registered voters (50 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 57.7%.[132][133] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 87.4% of the vote (4,693 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 9.7% (522 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (28 votes), among the 5,372 ballots cast by the city's 8,429 registered voters, for a turnout of 63.7%.[134] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 81.9% of the vote (3,659 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 17.0% (759 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (28 votes), among the 4,466 ballots cast by the city's 8,255 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 54.1.[135]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 67.5% of the vote (1,488 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 30.9% (682 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (36 votes), among the 2,287 ballots cast by the city's 8,819 registered voters (81 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 25.9%.[136][137] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 75.1% of the vote (1,728 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 19.1% (440 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.3% (100 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (9 votes), among the 2,301 ballots cast by the city's 7,692 registered voters, yielding a 29.9% turnout.[138]

Non-profit Organizations


Public schools

Asbury Park's public schools are operated by Asbury Park Public Schools. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,[139] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[140][141]

Students from Allenhurst attend the district's schools as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[142] In July 2014, the New Jersey Department of Education approved a request by Interlaken under which it would end its sending relationship with the Asbury Park district and begin sending its students to the West Long Branch Public Schools through eighth grade and then onto Shore Regional High School.[143] Students from Deal had attended the district's high school as part of a sending/receiving relationship that was terminated and replaced with an agreement with Shore Regional.[144]

As of the 2015-16 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 2,343 students and 225.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.4:1.[145] Schools in the district (with 2015-16 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[146]) are Barack Obama Elementary School[147] (381 students; in grade PreK-5), Bradley Elementary School[148] (375; PreK-5), Thurgood Marshall Elementary School[149] (445; PreK-5), Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Middle School[150] (377; 6-8) and Asbury Park High School[151] (346; 9-12).[152]

In March 2011, the state monitor overseeing the district's finances ordered that Barack Obama Elementary School be closed after the end of the 2010–11 school year, citing a 35% decline in enrollment in the district during the prior 10 years. Students currently attending the school would be reallocated to the district's two other elementary schools, with those going into fifth grade assigned to attend middle school.[153] During the summer of 2012, the school board approved funding for development plans to house the Board of Education in the vacant Barack Obama Elementary School. The school board awarded $894,000 to an architect firm to handle the renovation design and subsequent project bids. The estimated cost of the renovation was $1.6 million.[154]

In 2006, Asbury Park's Board of Education was affected by the city's decision to redevelop waterfront property with eminent domain. In the case Asbury Park Board of Education v. City of Asbury Park and Asbury Partners, LLC, the New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division affirmed a ruling in favor of eminent domain of the Board of Education building on Lake Avenue.[155] The Board of Education moved to the third and fourth floors of 603 Mattison Avenue, the former Asbury Park Press building, where it paid $189,327 in rent per year.[154]

In February 2007, the offices of the Asbury Park Board of Education were raided by investigators from the State Attorney General's office, prompted by allegations of corruption and misuse of funds.[156]

Per-student expenditures in Asbury Park have generated statewide controversy for several years. In 2006, The New York Times reported that Asbury Park "spends more than $18,000 per student each year, the highest amount in the state."[157] In both 2010 and 2011, the Asbury Park K-12 school district had the highest per-student expenditure in the state.[158] As of the 2010 school reports, the high school has not met goals mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act and has been classified as "In Need of Improvement" for six years.[159]

Charter schools

The Hope Academy Charter School, founded in 2001, is an alternative public school choice that serves students in kindergarten through eighth grade. Admission is based on a lottery of submitted applications, with priority given to Asbury Park residents and siblings of existing students.[160]

Students from Asbury Park in ninth through twelfth grades may also attend Academy Charter High School, located in Lake Como, which also serves residents of Allenhurst, Avon-by-the-Sea, Belmar, Bradley Beach, Deal, Interlaken and Lake Como, and accepts students on a lottery basis.[161]


While 8 of the 17 murders in Monmouth County in 2006 took place in Asbury Park, and 7 of the county's 14 murders in 2007, by 2008 there was only one murder in Asbury Park and five in the whole county. The city's police had added 19 officers since 2003 and expanded its street crime unit. After a spike in gang violence, violent crime had decreased by almost 20% from 2006 to 2008.[162]

In the calendar year through August 26, 2013, Asbury Park has had 6 homicides; there have also been 17 people non-fatally injured in shooting incidents.[163]

In February 2014, "Operation Dead End" arrested gang members of the Crips and Bloods; one Asbury Park patrol officer was arrested for aiding gang members.[164]

On June 16, 2015, Asbury Park police officers arrested a Neptune Township off-duty police officer for the murder of his ex-wife on an Asbury Park street in broad daylight.[165]

Asbury Park's crime statistics
YearCrime Index TotalViolent crimeNon-violent
Crime rate
Per 1000
Violent crime
Rate per 1000
Non-violent crime
Rate per 1000

As of 2013, the Asbury Park Police Department has 88 police employees: 74 men, 10 women, and 4 civilian.[177]

Public health

Nearby hospitals include Jersey Shore University Medical Center and Monmouth Medical Center.

From before 1990 to 2015, there were 904 reported cases of HIV/AIDS in Asbury Park. Additionally, there were 418 AIDS-related deaths and 73 deaths of people who had HIV (without AIDS diagnosis.) In 2014, there were nine new cases and 2015, eight.[178] To help people living with AIDS and their caregivers, a not-for-profit foundation called The Center provides assistance with meals, housing, and transportation.[179]

In 2012, Asbury Park reported 6 cases of syphilis, 59 cases of gonorrhea, and 139 cases of chlamydia.[180]


Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 36.20 miles (58.26 km) of roadways, of which 33.78 miles (54.36 km) were maintained by the municipality, 0.92 miles (1.48 km) by Monmouth County and 1.50 miles (2.41 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[181]

The main access road is Route 71 which runs north-south. Other roads that are accessible in neighboring communities include Route 18, Route 33, Route 35 and Route 66. The Garden State Parkway is at least 15 minutes away via either Routes 33 or 66.

Public transportation

NJ Transit offers rail service from the Asbury Park station.[182] on the North Jersey Coast Line, offering service to Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction, New York Penn Station and Hoboken Terminal.[183]

NJ Transit bus routes include the 317 to and from Philadelphia, and local service on the 830, 832, 836 and 837 routes.[184]


In August 2017, a multi-station bike share program opened in cooperation with Zagster. With six stations in the city, the program is the first of its kind on the Jersey Shore.[185][186][187]


According to the Köppen climate classification system, Asbury Park, New Jersey has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Asbury Park, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 95 °F (≥ 35 °C). During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Asbury Park Beach is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.6 °F (-15.8 °C).[188] The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 18 and 24 inches (46 and 61 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Asbury Park Beach (1981-2010 Averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 40.0
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.4
Average low °F (°C) 24.8
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
Average relative humidity (%) 64.9 61.7 60.5 61.6 65.7 70.3 69.9 71.2 71.6 69.4 67.3 65.0 66.6
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.9
Source: PRISM[189]

Climate data for Sandy Hook, NJ Ocean Water Temperature (17 N Asbury Park)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °F (°C) 37
Source: NOAA[190]


According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Asbury Park, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.[191]

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Asbury Park include:

Palace Amusements and the Tillie mural have featured in numerous works of popular culture. Additional works reference Asbury Park, specifically.

For example, in the song "At Long Last Love" (1938), originally written by Cole Porter for the musical You Never Know (1938), Frank Sinatra sings "Is it Granada I see, or only Asbury Park?"[233]

Bruce Springsteen named his first album "Greetings From Asbury Park, N.J." in 1973 and described his early life there. The artist has also dedicated many songs to Asbury Park such as "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)" and "My City of Ruins" on his 2002 album, "The Rising".[234]

The group mewithoutYou references Asbury Park several times on their album Ten Stories (2012). The song "Bear's Vision of St. Agnes" mentions "that tattered rag shop back in Asbury Park", and the song "Fox's Dream of the Log Flume" mentions the pier and sand dunes.

Asbury Park was used for the location filming of the crime drama City by the Sea (2002), starring Robert De Niro, James Franco and Frances McDormand, which was nominally set in Long Beach, New York, where no filming actually took place, according to a disclaimer that was included as part of the closing credits. The film features scenes set on a shabby, dilapidated boardwalk and in a ruined/abandoned casino/arcade building. Residents of both places objected to the way their cities were depicted.[235] Asbury Park appears at the start of the 1999 film Dogma.

The Season 2 finale of The Sopranos, "Funhouse", originally aired in April 2000, includes several discrete dream sequences dreamed by Tony that take place on the Asbury Park Boardwalk, including Madame Marie's as well as Tony and Pauly playing cards at a table in the empty hall of the Convention Center. The episode's title alludes to the Palace, which is also shown.[236]

In a 1955 episode of The Honeymooners ("Better Living Though TV"), Alice Kramden ridicules husband Ralph Kramden's seemingly never-ending parade of failed get-rich-quick schemes, including his investment in "the uranium field in Asbury Park".[237]

See also


  1. 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
  4. Mayor & Council, Asbury Park, New Jersey. Accessed January 23, 2018.
  5. Spoto, MaryAnn. "Asbury Park gets new mayor, council after voters approve new government", NJ Advance Media for, January 1, 2015. Accessed April 20, 2015.
  6. 2019 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 1, 2019.
  7. City Manager, Asbury Park, New Jersey. Accessed March 15, 2018.
  8. Stine, Don. "Asbury Park's New City Clerk Begins Post", The Coaster, May 7, 2015. Accessed October 13, 2015. "Asbury Park's new city clerk took over her job this week and said she feels up to the challenge. Cindy A. Dye, who left her job as clerk for North Hanover, began her new job on May 1 and said she is 'glad and excited' to be in the city."
  9. Municipal Clerk, Asbury Park, New Jersey. Accessed March 15, 2018.
  10. "City of Asbury Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
  11. DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Asbury Park city, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 9, 2012.
  12. Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  13. Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Asbury Park city Archived 2011-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 9, 2012.
  14. QuickFacts for Asbury Park city, New Jersey; Monmouth County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2018, (V2018), United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
  15. GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  16. Look Up a ZIP Code for Asbury Park, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 31, 2011.
  17. ZIP Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  18. Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Asbury Park, NJ, Accessed September 17, 2013.
  19. American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 20, 2012.
  21. US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  22. Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived 2013-05-20 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  23. Urgo, Jacqueline L. "Sandy laurels for South Jersey; Seven of the Top 10 N.J. beaches are in Cape May County", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 23, 2008. Accessed July 18, 2012. "Neighboring Wildwood Crest came in second, followed by Ocean City, North Wildwood, Cape May, Asbury Park in Monmouth County, Avalon, Point Pleasant Beach in northern Ocean County, Beach Haven in southern Ocean County and Stone Harbor."
  24. Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 177. Accessed February 9, 2012.
  25. Cullinane, Bob. "A tale of two towns: One Asbury not like the other", Asbury Park Press, July 31, 2002. Accessed August 23, 2013. "Further reducing the degrees of separation between the two Asburys, Horner said he believed both towns were named after Francis Asbury, the first bishop of the American Methodist church."
  26. Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 29. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 27, 2015.
  27. Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 27, 2015.
  28. Pike, Helen-Chantal (2005). Asbury Park's Glory Days: The Story of an American Resort. Rutgers University Press, pp 8 ISBN 0-8135-3547-6
  29. 1888 Palace Amusements Online Museum. Accessed 2007-08-17.
  30. "Asbury Park, NJ". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-08-18.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Side O'Lamb: Urban Exploration of the Jersey Shore. Accessed August 17, 2007.
  31. Pike, Helen-Chantal (1997,2003). Images of America: Asbury Park., Arcadia Publishing, p 13. ISBN 0-7524-0538-1. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  32. Staff. "Asbury Park.; Popular Jersey Shore Resort Rapidly Filling with Visitors.", The New York Times, June 9, 2012. Accessed August 23, 2013. "Asbury Park is undergoing its annual transformation from a quiet Winter community of 10,000 inhabitants into a lively metropolitan Summer city with a changing population that sometimes exceeds 200,000 persons."
  33. Staff. "Asbury to Claim Morro Castle as Museum; Sightseeing Fees Bring $2,800 in a Day", The New York Times, September 11, 1934. Accessed August 4, 2012. "The great hulk of the wrecked Morro Castle has proved to be such a good thing for Asbury Park business that the city authorities decided today to attempt to make the fire-blackened vessel a permanent addition to the beach attractions."
  34. Staff. "Asbury Park Debt Linked To Politics; Costly Temporary Financing Tied to Boardwalk and Rental 'Iniquities.' Mayor Hetrick On Stand He Tells SEC of $6,000,000, Mostly in Default -- High Interest Rate Defended.", The New York Times, October 26, 1935. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  35. Staff. "Asbury Park To Sue For Beach Control; Writ to Be Applied For Today to Prevent Commission Taking Jurisdiction.", The New York Times, June 22, 1936. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  36. Staff. "Asbury Wins Stay On Beach Control; Jurisdiction of Board Named by Hoffman Held Up Pending Ruling on New Law.", The New York Times, June 24, 1936. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  37. Staff. "Beach Control Act For Asbury Upheld; Jersey High Court Sustains the Validity of the Law Curbing the City's Authority", The New York Times, September 23, 1937. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  38. Staff. "Jersey Assembly Stages 'Walkout'; Rebels at Upper House's Tactics--Senate Also Adjourns", The New York Times, June 9, 1938. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  39. Staff. "World's Fair Fund Loses In Jersey; Last-Minute Dispute Before Legislative Recess Leaves $150,000 Unappropriated Veto' Session Thursday Lawmakers to Meet Then to Act on Bills Disapproved by Governor Moore", The New York Times, June 10, 1938. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  40. Staff. "Asbury Park Freed Of Fiscal Control; State's Commission Had Been in Charge Two Years", The New York Times, December 11, 1938. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  41. Staff. "Spring Baseball Training Brings Visitors To Asbury Park—Poconos Events; Asbury Park's Season", The New York Times, March 28, 1943. Accessed August 4, 2012. "Asbury Park, N.J.—Spring training of the New York Yankees baseball team has quickened the arrival of visitors this year, many of them bent on watching the conditioning of professional athletes north of the Mason–Dixon Line."
  42. Suehsdorf, A. D. (1978). The Great American Baseball Scrapbook, p. 103. Random House. ISBN 0-394-50253-1.
  43. Pike, Helen-Chantal. "Asbury Park's Glory Days – The Story Of An American Resort", Gameroom magazine reviewed by Tim Ferrante. Accessed June 18, 2007. "I didn't know Bud Abbott was born there. It was also the home town of then hair stylist Danny DeVito (yes, there is a photo of the famed actor in his family's shop!) and the childhood stomping ground of Jack Nicholson."
  44. Pike, Helen-Chantal. Asbury Park's Glory Days: The Story of an American Resort, p. 81. Rutgers University Press, 2007. ISBN 0813540879, 9780813540870. Accessed January 23, 2018.
  45. Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living In/Asbury Park; After Bleak Years, Signs of Progress", The New York Times, July 27, 2003. Accessed July 18, 2012. "By the mid-1960s, urban flight began; and on July 4, 1970, race riots gutted much of the city, sealing its fate as a backwater."
  46. New Jersey, Monmouth County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed July 18, 2012.
  47. The Aftermath, Palace Amusements Online Museum. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  48. Staff. "Casino Pier",, July 26, 2008. Accessed July 18, 2012. "Built in 1923, the Family Kingdom Carousel continues to delight thousands each year. Built by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company, the ride was brought to Myrtle Beach in 1992 from the famed 'Casino' in Asbury Park, New Jersey."
  49. Schlegel, Jeff. "The Boardwalks of Jersey", The Washington Post, August 10, 2005. Accessed July 18, 2012. "In 2004, the mile-long boardwalk was rebuilt. This year the Casino walkway connecting Asbury Park's boardwalk with neighboring Ocean Grove was reopened."
  50. Robbins, Christopher. "Christie celebrates Asbury Park's successes at boardwalk ribbon-cutting",, May 23, 2014. Accessed June 15, 2014.
  51. Flumenbaum, Martha. "Greetings From Asbury Park, N.J.: Seven Months of Hurricane Sandy Heroes", Huffington Post, May 28, 2013. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Standing on the beach in Asbury Park with 'Born To Run' and 'Who Says You Can't Go Home?' playing in the background, the smell of the ocean and cheesesteaks in the air, surrounded by miniature golf, salt water taffy, and a few feet away from The Stone Pony (where Bruce Springsteen and Jon Bon Jovi got their starts) I watched Governor Chris Christie introduce President Barack Obama to a crowd of about 4,000 today."
  52. Kuhr, Fred. "There goes the gayborhood: the urban renewal of Asbury Park, N.J., renews the debate: can gay men and lesbians single-handedly transform bad neighborhoods?", The Advocate, July 6, 2004. Accessed June 2, 2011.
  53. Locality Search Archived 2016-07-09 at the Wayback Machine, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  54. Areas touching Asbury Park, MapIt. Accessed July 12, 2015.
  55. Home Page, Deal Lake Commission. Accessed July 8, 2015. "The Deal Lake Commission was created by the seven Monmouth County, NJ towns that surround Deal Lake. The Commission was chartered in 1974 by the Borough of Allenhurst, City of Asbury Park, Borough of Deal, Borough of Interlaken, Village of Loch Arbour, Neptune Township, and Ocean Township."
  56. PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 - 2018 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
  57. Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2019.
  58. Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  59. Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed May 20, 2012.
  60. Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930—Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 710. Accessed May 20, 2012.
  61. Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990 Archived 2015-05-10 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 9, 2016.
  62. Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Asbury Park city, New Jersey Archived 2004-01-15 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  63. DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Asbury Park city, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  64. DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Asbury Park city, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 9, 2012.
  65. Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed October 28, 2019. "In 1994 the legislation was amended and ten more zones were added to this successful economic development program. Of the ten new zones, six were predetermined: Paterson, Passaic, Perth Amboy, Phillipsburg, Lakewood, Asbury Park/Long Branch (joint zone). The four remaining zones were selected on a competitive basis. They are Carteret, Pleasantville, Union City and Mount Holly."
  66. Urban Enterprise Zone Program, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed October 27, 2019. "Businesses participating in the UEZ Program can charge half the standard sales tax rate on certain purchases, currently 3.3125% effective 1/1/2018"
  67. Urban Enterprise Zones Effective and Expiration Dates, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed January 8, 2018.
  69. "Asbury Park Historical Society Dedicates Rainbow Room Sign", Asbury Park Historical Society. Accessed June 15, 2014. "The 16-foot metal and neon sign, removed when the Albion was demolished in 2001 for beachfront redevelopment, has since been stored briefly at the Stone Pony and then for ten years at the city's public works garage."
  70. DiIonno, Mark. "Grim end for a grand hotel", The Star-Ledger, November 2, 2007. Accessed June 15, 2014. "The Metropolitan is part of Asbury Park history, too.... A few weeks from now, it will be a vacant lot. How the Metropolitan went from a first-class seaside resort to a broken down wreck slated demolition is a story of Asbury Park, and a reminder that time never stops claiming victims."
  71. home page, TriCity News. Accessed August 2, 2012
  72. Gary Wien, "Asbury Park Music Scene Loses One of its Pioneers." New Jersey Stage, September 13, 2010. Accessed August 10, 2015.
  73. Cotter, Kelly-Jane. "Novel Is A Shore Thing", Asbury Park Press, March 22, 2009. Accessed January 29, 2012.
  74. In the Flesh: Posted by Richard Metzger In the Flesh: Blondie live in Asbury Park, NJ, 1979, Dangerous Minds. Accessed November 11, 2015.
  75. Wise, Brian. "From Croon to Doom Metal", The New York Times, June 5, 2005. Accessed January 29, 2012. "Even so, plans for a New Jersey Music Hall of Fame center on Asbury Park, where Mr. Springsteen got his start by playing in the scrubby clubs there."
  79. Pfeiffer, John Asbury Park Music Awards and Musical Heritage Kickoff, The Aquarian Weekly, December 1, 2010. Accessed December 18, 2010.
  83. La Gorce, Tammy. "Still Rocking Hard in Asbury Park as the Bands Play On", The New York Times, May 13, 2007. Accessed July 19, 2012. "'The Wave Gathering has as much to do with music as with this town making its comeback,' said Gordon Brown, one of several organizers, a music promoter and a lifetime resident of Asbury Park who started sneaking into clubs to see up-and-coming acts 20 years ago, when he was 15."
  84. Majeski, John. "First Saturday returns Event focuses on city shops and restaurants", Asbury Park Press, May 5, 2005. Accessed May 20, 2012. "First Saturday Night Asbury Park will return this month to the city's downtown, with businesses staying open late and shoppers finding special sales, giveaways, live music, trolley rides and refreshments."
  86. History, Garden State Film Festival. Accessed January 29, 2012.
  87. McCall, Tris. "Bamboozle Festival adds 60 more acts to its lineup", The Star-Ledger, January 18, 2012. Accessed January 29, 2012. "The Bamboozle began in Asbury Park a decade ago and moved to the Giants Stadium parking lot after growing too large for the shore town to accommodate. This will be the first Bamboozle on the Jersey Shore since 2006, and festival organizers intend to supplement Asbury Park's venues with stages on the boardwalk and the beach."
  88. McCall, Tris. "Bamboozle 2012: Bon Jovi brings the hits to the beach", The Star-Ledger, May 21, 2012. Accessed July 18, 2012. "The 10th annual Bamboozle festival — and the first to be presented in its original hometown of Asbury Park since 2005 — had come to its grand, restless finale, and the most famous band ever booked by its organizers was about to play the massive main stage on the north end of the boardwalk. And unlike the other artists who drew enormous crowds to the boardwalk and beach this weekend, Bon Jovi does not compete for attention."
  91. Largest gathering of zombies, Guinness World Records. Accessed June 15, 2014. "The largest gathering of zombies numbered 9,592 participants organized by the New Jersey Zombie Walk (USA) in Asbury Park, NJ, USA, on 5 October 2013."
  92. Robinson, Joshua. "Six Weeks of Spring Training in...New Jersey?", The Wall Street Journal, February 25, 2011. Accessed June 15, 2014. "For players wearing Yankee pinstripes from 1943 to 1945, 'heading south for spring training,' meant spending six frigid weeks in New Jersey.... The Yankees, frustrated and unprepared, left Asbury Park for good on April 8, 1943—and they were not sorry to get away."
  93. Schaerlaeckens, Leander. "This Soccer Club Has Everything You'd Want Except ...", The New York Times, June 14, 2017. Accessed June 15, 2017. "In most every way, Asbury Park F.C. is like any professional soccer club in the world. It has slick jerseys manufactured by a major sporting goods brand, with a shirt sponsor and a recognizable logo in the club's black-and-white color scheme.... But in one significant way, Asbury Park Football Club is different from every other soccer team: It doesn't actually play soccer."
  94. parks and Recreation Archived 2018-07-10 at the Wayback Machine, City of Asbury Park. Accessed July 10, 2018.
  99. Terry, Nicquel. "Asbury Park elects to change form of government", Asbury Park Press, November 5, 2013. Accessed April 20, 2015. "The city has adopted a new form of government that calls for an elected mayor and staggered terms for four council members after an overwhelming majority of voters passed the ballot question in Tuesday's election. The new government structure means there will be another City Council election in November 2014, shortening the terms of the five council members elected in May."
  100. Report and Recommendations of the Charter Study Commission Archived 2015-01-02 at the Wayback Machine, City of Asbury Park, August 5, 2013. Accessed January 1, 2015.
  101. Terry, Nicquel. "Asbury Park mayor and council candidates file for election", Asbury Park Press, September 2, 2014. Accessed January 1, 2015. "Starting with the upcoming Nov. 4 election, voters will now be able to directly elect their mayor after the city elected last year to switch to a council-manager government structure.... The staggered terms begin with the election of four council members — two for two-year terms and two for four-year-terms. Council members will draw straws to determine who serves which term. In future elections, every council member would have a four-year term but there would be a new election every two years."
  102. 2017 User Friendly Budget, Asbury Park, New Jersey. Accessed January 23, 2018.
  103. Monmouth County Directory 2016, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 14, 2016.
  104. General Election November 8, 2016 Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 8, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2017.
  105. November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated November 24, 2014. Accessed July 14, 2016.
  106. Gladden, Michelle. "Eileen Chapman appointed to City Council; Forty-two year city resident takes the seat formerly held by Joe Woerner", Asbury Park Sun, May 26, 2016. Accessed July 14, 2016. "Eileen Chapman was appointed to fill a vacant seat on the Asbury Park City Council Wednesday night. The vote by the council to appoint her was 4-0.... The seat became vacant April 30 after first-term Councilman Joe Woerner stepped down in order to focus on his family and the health of his son Michael. The term expires at the end of this year."
  107. Robbins, Christopher. "Asbury Park makes history, controversy with Campbell appointment to mayor",, July 2, 2013. Accessed September 17, 2013. "During an occasionally tumultuous swearing-in ceremony, Asbury Park's new Council appointed Myra Campbell the city's first African-American female mayor.... However, yesterday re-elected incumbents John Loffredo and Susan Henderson joined Campbell in a 3-2 vote that found her former running mates in the minority."
  108. Home page Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Fire Department. Accessed June 4, 2012.
  109. Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  110. 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived 2017-04-07 at the Wayback Machine, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  111. Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  112. Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  113. Biography, Congressman Frank Pallone Jr. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Frank Pallone, Jr., was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, where he grew up and still resides."
  114. About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  115. Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  116. Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  117. Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  118. District 11 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 22, 2018.
  119. Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  120. Freeholder Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  121. Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  122. Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  123. Freeholder Patrick Impreveduto, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  124. Freeholder Gerry P. Scharfenberger, Ph.D., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  125. Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  126. The Monmouth County Clerk, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  127. Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  128. About Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  129. Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  130. Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
  131. Voter Registration Summary - Monmouth, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  132. "Presidential General Election Results - November 6, 2012 - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  133. "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 6, 2012 - General Election Results - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  134. 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  135. 2004 Presidential Election: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  136. "Governor - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  137. "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Monmouth County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  138. 2009 Governor: Monmouth County Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 2, 2012.
  139. Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 15, 2016.
  140. About SDA Archived 2016-08-16 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed November 8, 2016
  141. SDA Capital Program Archived 2016-11-09 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed November 8, 2016.
  142. 13 Non-Operating School Districts Eliminated, New Jersey Department of Education press release dated July 1, 2009. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  143. Board of Education of the Borough of Interlaken v. Board of Education of the City of Asbury Park, et al, New Jersey Department of Education, July 17, 2014. Accessed November 10, 2014. "It Is Ordered on this 17th day of July 2014 that – pursuant to N.J.S.A. 18A:38-13 and N.J.A.C. 6A:3-6.1 – the application of Interlaken for severance of its send-receive relationship with Asbury Park and to establish send-receive relationship with West Long Branch and Shore Regional, as set forth in its petition of appeal, is Approved."
  144. Reorganization Agenda January 7, 2016, Shore Regional High School. Accessed October 21, 2018. "Whereas, the content of the announcement was to advise the public that the Deal Board of Education filed a Petition of Appeal with the Commissioner of Education to sever its Sending-Receiving Relationship with the Asbury Park Board of Education, and to establish a new Sending-Receiving Relationship with the Shore Regional High School Board of Education"
  145. District information for Asbury Park School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  146. School Data for the Asbury Park Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  147. Barack Obama Elementary School, Asbury Park Public Schools. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  148. Bradley Elementary School, Asbury Park Public Schools. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  149. Thurgood Marshall Elementary School, Asbury Park Public Schools. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  150. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Middle School, Asbury Park Public Schools. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  151. Asbury Park High School, Asbury Park Public Schools. Accessed October 21, 2018.
  152. New Jersey School Directory for the Asbury Park Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  153. Shields, Nancy. "State monitor orders Asbury's Barack Obama School closed", Asbury Park Press, March 18, 2011. Accessed April 1, 2011.
  154. Mulshine, Molly. " School admins finalize move to Obama building Relocation should be complete by next summer", Asbury Park Sun, September 13, 2012. Accessed June 15, 2014. "The board of education [BOE] is finalizing plans for administrative offices to move from downtown Asbury Park to the Barack H. Obama building on Bangs Avenue [pictured above]. The district's administrative staff has occupied a floor of The Press Building at 603 Mattison Ave. [right] for several years, paying $189,327 annually, or about $15,000 per month, for the space."
  155. Asbury Park Board Of Education V. City Of Asbury Park And Asbury Partners, LLC,, Docket No. A-1076-04T1|, April 6, 2006. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  156. "Investigators probe Asbury Park Board of Ed" Archived 2007-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, WABC-TV, February 22, 2007. Accessed April 1, 2011.
  157. Nussbaum, Debra. "The Week; Team From State to Monitor Asbury Park Schools", The New York Times, September 3, 2006. Accessed August 4, 2012. "Asbury Park, one of the state's poorest districts, has 2,600 students and spends more than $18,000 per student each year, the highest amount in the state."
  158. Staff. "Per-student costs rising at Shore: Highest: Asbury, $24G; lowest: Toms River, $10G" Archived 2013-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, WBJB. Accessed August 4, 2012. "The highest per-student cost for a K-12 district was in Asbury Park, which held the top spot last year."
  159. 2010 NCLB Report for Asbury Park High School Archived 2014-08-14 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 4, 2012.
  160. Applications Archived 2016-08-09 at the Wayback Machine, Hope Academy Charter School. Accessed July 29, 2016.
  161. Academy Charter High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 15, 2016. "Academy Charter High School allocates seats in each grade level based upon the resident student population of each of the following towns: Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Avon, Belmar, Bradley Beach, Deal, Interlaken and Lake Como."
  162. Spoto, MaryAnn. "Violence drops in Asbury Park", The Star-Ledger, January 11, 2009. Accessed August 28, 2011.
  163. Peskoe, Ashley. "Authorities looking for gunman in mid-day Asbury Park triple shooting", The Asbury Park Press, August 26, 2013. Accessed August 27, 2013.
  164. Hopjins, Kathleen via Asbury Park Press. "Cop arrested in N.J. gang sweep", USA Today, February 15, 2014. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  165. Solis, Steph; Terry, Nicquel (June 17, 2015). "Cop kills ex-wife on street with daughter in his car". USA Today. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  166. 1995 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  167. 1997 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  168. 1999 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  169. 2001 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  170. 2003 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  171. 2004 Uniform Crime Report, Section 7, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  172. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense & Demographic Data 2007, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  173. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense and Demographic Data 2008, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  174. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense and Demographic Data 2010, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  175. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense and Demographic Data 2011, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  176. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense and Demographic Data 2012, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2014.
  177. New Jersey Municipal-County Offense and Demographic Data 2012, New Jersey State Police. Accessed May 3, 2015.
  178. State of New Jersey Department of Health. "Other Cities with 100 or More HIV/AIDS Cases: Asbury Park" (PDF). State of New Jersey Department of Health: HIV, STD, and TB Services. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  179. "Mission Statement". The Center in Asbury Park. Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  180. State of New Jersey Department of Health. "Reported Sexually Transmitted Diseases Morbidity In Monmouth County by Municipality for Reporting Year 2012" (PDF). State of New Jersey Department of Health: Division of HIV, STD, and TB Services. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  181. Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  182. Asbury Park station, NJ Transit. Accessed August 29, 2015.
  183. North Jersey Coast Line, NJ Transit. Accessed August 29, 2015.
  184. Monmouth County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed August 31, 2011.
  185. Bicycling, City of Asbury Park. Accessed September 1, 2017.
  186. Asbury Park, Zagster. Accessed September 1, 2017.
  187. Auciello, Justin. "First multi-station bike share program launches at the Jersey Shore" Archived 2017-09-01 at the Wayback Machine, Newsworks, August 24, 2017. Accessed September 1, 2017. "The Jersey Shore's first multi-station bike sharing program is now live.Asbury Park in Monmouth County, in partnership with bike sharing firm Zagster, is now offering bikes for rent from six locations in the small coastal city, connecting the train station, central business district, and waterfront area."
  188. "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  189. "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  190. "Water Temperature Table of All Coastal Regions". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  191. "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  192. via Associated Press. "Soren S. Adams, 84 Novelties Maker", The New York Times, October 21, 1963. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Asbury Park, N.J., Oct. 20 (AP)--Soren S. Adams, owner of a million-dollar novelty business who was known as "king of the professional pranksters," died today in his home."
  193. Stewart Hoffman Appleby, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  194. Theodore Frank Appleby, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  195. Karas, Matthew. "Former city man new manager of Elvis' first studio", Asbury Park Press, August 15, 1987. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Growing up in Asbury Park, Dave Aron didn't know much about Elvis Presley. When he wanted to get real, real gone, his preference was for Led Zeppelin or Pink Floyd."
  196. Lustig, Jay. "Greetings From Neptune City, NJ", The Star-Ledger, October 27, 2007. Accessed January 18, 2008 "Atkins, who now lives in Asbury Park, says she considers herself a Jersey artist..."
  197. Thomas Jr., Landon. "Why Are Mutual Fund Fees So High? This Billionaire Knows", The New York Times, December 30, 2017. Accessed January 23, 2018. "A grandchild of immigrants from Poland and Russia, Mr. Baron grew up scraping for extra cash in Asbury Park, N.J."
  198. Bernstein, Adam via The Washington Post. "Frederick Bayer, 85; biologist studied corals in deep sea", The Boston Globe, October 23, 2007. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Frederick Merkle Bayer was born in Asbury Park, N.J., and raised in southern Florida, where he became an amateur naturalist and a collector of seashells."
  199. Staff. "Praise Wilda Bennett", Asbury Park Press, October 17, 1914. Accessed March 23, 2018.
  200. Farber, M. A. "Five Killings: A Fearful Silence Is Broken", The New York Times, May 9, 1983. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Around May 1982, Mr. Biegenwald and his wife moved to Asbury Park and settled into a first-floor apartment in a three-story Victorian house at 507 Sixth Avenue."
  201. SmackDown Countdown 2006: Bam Bam Bigelow – The Beast from the East comes out of retirement, November 6, 2006.
  202. Larsen, Erik. "This president kept mistress & child in Asbury Park", Asbury Park Press, July 17, 2014. Accessed January 23, 2018. "When the relationship began, Nan Britton was 20 and Harding was 52 and a married man. Two years into the tryst, their daughter Elizabeth Ann Blaesing was born in Asbury Park on Oct. 22, 1919."
  203. Wall, Alix. "Daniel Boyarin: Talmudist, feminist, anti-Zionist, only-in-Berkeley Orthodox Jew", J. The Jewish News of Northern California, March 12, 2015. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Boyarin was raised in Asbury Park, New Jersey, and yes, he knew Bruce Springsteen, who was a few years behind him at Freehold High School."
  204. Bogues, Austin. "Don't tear down Asbury Park founder statue, history group pleads", Asbury Park Press, September 27, 2017. Accessed January 23, 2018. "The Asbury Park Historical Society says people should never forget the city's late founder James Bradley's 'advocacy of segregation,' but it draws the line on removing the statue erected in his honor near Convention Hall.... Werner Baumgartner, city historian for Asbury Park, said in addition to being the city's founder Bradley served as the city's mayor for several terms."
  205. Waggoner, Walter H. "Charles H. Brower Dies At 82; Ex-Chief Of B.B.D.O. Agency", The New York Times, July 26, 1984. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Charles H. Brower, former president and chairman of Batten, Barton, Durstine & Osborn, the advertising agency, died Monday at his home in Brielle, N.J. He was 82 years old.... He was born in Asbury Park, N.J., grew up near Pasadena, Calif., returned to New Jersey while a high school student and graduated from Rutgers University."
  206. Jordan, Chris via Asbury Park Press. "'Boom' Carter: 'Born to Run' but out of the Rock Hall", USA Today, April 8, 2014. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Ernest 'Boom' Carter was there — on drums — during the protracted recording sessions, over six months in 1974 at 914 Sound Studios in Blauvelt, N.Y. Carter, along with bassist Garry Tallent, provided the hemi-powered underpinning to Born to Run, and Carter's deftly played skip beats and drum shuffles are the accents of a masterpiece.... Carter, an Asbury Park native, joined the E Streeters after the departure of Vini 'Mad Dog' Lopez in early '74."
  207. Staff. "Boardwalk fortune teller Madam Marie dies", Asbury Park Press, July 1, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2012. "Marie Castello, who had told fortunes since the 1930s and became famous for her presence and predictions on the Asbury Park boardwalk, died Friday, her great-granddaughter, Sally Castello said today."
  208. Blackwell, Jon. "She kept America in Vogue", Asbury Park Press, May 14, 2001. Accessed July 31, 2007. "Born in Asbury Park on March 14, 1877, Edna barely knew her father, who split up with her mom while she was still an infant."
  209. "James M. Coleman - Class of 1942", Asbury Park High School Distinguished Alumni Hall of Fame. Accessed January 23, 2018. "James M. Coleman - Class of 1942; Inducted: 2003. After graduating Asbury Park High School in 1942, the Honorable James M. Coleman Jr. joined the Army Air Force from 1943 until 1945 and served in Italy. He then furthered his education graduating from Dartmouth College in 1948, and Cornell Law School in 1951."
  210. Stephen Crane, The Literary Encyclopedia. Accessed December 10, 2006.
  211. Cookie Cuccurullo, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed January 24, 2018.
  212. Shaw, David. "DeVito! Although He Has a Penchant for Dark Comedies, Actor-Director Danny DeVito Is Serious About His Craft, His Family and His Cigars" Archived 2007-04-04 at the Wayback Machine, Cigar Aficionado profile, accessed May 2, 2007. "Danny DeVito was born in 1944 in the shore town of Neptune, New Jersey—hence the name of his production company—and raised in neighboring Asbury Park, the youngest of five children (two of whom died before he was born)."
  213. "FLETCHER - About". Facebook. 1994-03-19. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  214. Williams, Candy. "Manhattan Transfer keeps it swinging with Greensburg show", Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, December 4, 2009. Accessed July 28, 2011. "Even before he founded the quartet, Hauser was singing professionally since age 15, when as a teenager living with his family in Asbury Park, N.J., he started up a rock 'n' roll quintet called the Criterions."
  215. Anderson, Dave. "Sports of The Times; Hess Mulled The Return Of the Jets", The New York Times, May 9, 1999. Accessed February 9, 2012. "'I was born and brought up in Asbury Park, N.J.,' Hess said that day in a rare appearance at a news conference."
  216. Lambert, Hess. "Robert Hess, 59, Historian, Dies; Was Brooklyn College President", The New York Times, January 13, 1992. Accessed July 12, 2019. "Dr. Hess was born in Asbury Park, N.J."
  217. Slotnik, Daniel E. "Richard Jarecki, Doctor Who Conquered Roulette, Dies at 86", The New York Times, August 8, 2018. Accessed August 12, 2018. "He grew up in Asbury Park, N.J., where he graduated from high school and then studied at Duke University before returning to Germany to earn his medical degree at the University of Heidelberg in 1958."
  218. ""Do You Know? Lou Liberatore", The Coaster, March 20, 2008. Accessed 2011-02-13". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
  219. Genocchio, Benjamin. "Art; Making Art Amid The Ruins", The New York Times, May 22, 2005. Accessed December 30, 2007. "Mr. Melee took his money and bought a house in Asbury Park, after falling in love with the decaying grandeur of the Jersey Shore."
  220. "Greetings From Asbury Park" Archived 2008-01-10 at the Wayback Machine, NJN. Accessed June 18, 2007. "Rick Benjamin, founder of the Paragon Ragtime Orchestra, and a specialist in the music of Arthur Pryor – an Asbury Park musical superstar long before Bruce Springsteen – who transformed the forbidden music of Ragtime into wholesome popular entertainment."
  221. Mikle, Jean. "Arthur Pryor, Asbury Park's first musical superstar", Asbury Park Press, August 3, 2014. Accessed October 25, 2015. "The next year, Pryor moved to Asbury Park. That summer marked the beginning of the nearly two decades that Pryor's band made the city its summer home. Pryor eventually bought a farm in West Long Branch, then a sparsely populated, rural community.... Pryor was working on a conducting comeback in 1942, when he suffered a stroke and died at his West Long Branch home."
  222. Edelson, Stephen. "Asbury Park's Nazreon Reid makes the most of his experiences", Asbury Park Press, June 2, 2015. Accessed July 18, 2018. "It's been a heck of a ride over the past year for Nazreon Reid, the 6-8 Asbury Park native who has had intriguing college coaches since he was in middle school."
  223. Wilkowe, Ellen S. "Man with a horn", Asbury Park Press, February 8, 2009. Accessed February 4, 2011. "After joining the Jukes Rosenberg moved to the Shore area and lived in Belmar, Long Branch and even across from the Stone Pony he said."
  224. Staff. "Charles J. Ross Dead. Prominent Travesty Actor Succumbs at 59 at Ross-Fenton Farm", The New York Times, June 16, 1918. Accessed February 9, 2012. "Charles J. Ross, many years ago a member of the Weber and Fields Company and later a headliner in vaudeville in the team of Ross and Fenton, died at his home in North Asbury Park today."
  225. Lustig, Jay. "Revisiting E Street: Ex-Springsteen sideman looks forward to Shore gig", "The Star-Ledger", July 15, 2005. Accessed July 30, 2007. "Sancious grew up in Asbury Park and Belmar. The E Street Band was named after the address of his mother's Belmar home, where they sometimes practiced. Sancious lived in Red Bank in the late '70s, before relocating to his current hometown, Woodstock, N.Y."
  226. Staff. "Arthur Siegel, Song Composer And Pianist, 70", The New York Times, September 17, 1994. Accessed May 20, 2012. "Mr. Siegel, whose career in show business spanned nearly five decades, was born in Lakewood, N.J., on Dec. 31, 1923, and grew up in Asbury Park, N.J."
  227. "Tom Smith's legislative web page". Archived from the original on 2002-11-08. Retrieved 2002-11-08., New Jersey Legislature. Accessed April 23, 2008.
  228. McAlpine, Ken. Off-Season: Discovering America on Winter's Shore, p. 227. Random House, 2010. ISBN 9780307539038. Accessed June 15, 2014. "Bruce Springsteen lived in Asbury Park. He used what he inhaled there — the boardwalk, Madam Marie's, every beach town's drifters and dreamers — to touch his first tentaive fingers to the pulse of life at the Jersey Shore and, Given man's common desires, beyond."
  229. Mullen, Shannon. "All About Lenny Welch; Future is still bright for '60s hitmaker from Asbury Park", Asbury Park Press, November 13, 2015. Accessed June 24, 2019. "A decade before Bruce Springsteen released his debut album, "Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.," Lenny Welch was that city's pop-music hero, particularly within Asbury Park's black community.'He was the one who put the map,' says Carl Williams, 64, of Lakewood, who attended Asbury Park High School a year behind Welch in the late '50s and remembers how the city stood still during the singer's first appearance on Dick Clark's American Bandstand."
  230. Lucia, Peter. ""Asbury Park Life Stimulus For Author"". Archived from the original on 2008-06-14. Retrieved 2008-04-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link), Asbury Park Press, October 2, 1995. Accessed April 9, 2008.
  231. Cotter, Kelly-Jane. "The Year in Entertainment", Asbury Park Press, December 27, 2009. Accessed February 2, 2011. "Radio personality Wendy Williams who grew up in Asbury Park and Ocean Township became a TV star this year with her syndicated talk show."
  232. Nye, Peter Joffre. "Newark, N.J., Started a National Cycling Tradition" Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, United States Bicycling Hall of Fame. Accessed July 21, 2008.
  233. Pike, Helen-Chantal. Asbury Park's Glory Days: The Story of an American Resort, p. 88. Rutgers University Press, 2007. ISBN 9780813540870. Accessed January 30, 2014. "Four years later, Porter wrote another musical, You Never Know, with a signature song, "At Long Last Love", later made famous by crooner Frank Sinatra. The song included the line 'Is it Granada I see, or only Asbury Park?'"
  234. Staff. "Bruce Springsteen Dedicates Song to Jersey Storm Victims at Penn State Gig; Rocker sings 'My City of Ruins' for Asbury Park, praises first responders", Rolling Stone, November 2, 2012. Accessed January 23, 2018. "Bruce Springsteen dedicated a wrenching version of 'My City of Ruins' to Asbury Park, New Jersey, during a performance last night in Pennsylvania as part of a tribute that included praise for Gov. Chris Christie and thanks to police and firefighters for the way they have responded to the devastation caused by Hurricane Sandy."
  235. Saslow, Linda. "Gritty City by the Sea", The New York Times, September 15, 2002. Accessed August 27, 2015. "'IF Robert De Niro doesn't mind that everyone calls him Al Pacino,' Louis Navarro figures, 'Asbury Park shouldn't care that it's portrayed as Long Beach.' That pretty much sums up what Asbury Park residents are feeling these days, at least those who have seen the movie City by the Sea, the latest slap to be endured by a city that is slap-happy over more than a decade of decay and disrespect."
  236. Adams, Erik; Dyess-Nugent, Phil; Eichel, Molly; and McGee, Ryan. "A favorite Sopranos episode visits the 'Funhouse' in Tony's head", The A.V. Club, January 15, 2014. Accessed August 8, 2016. "There are boardwalks all over the Jersey coast, so why pick Asbury Park? For those familiar with the shore town its landmarks are featured prominently. The most obvious aspects are the shots of Tony in front of the stately Convention Hall and the surrealistic pan featuring two of the city's most iconic murals: amusement park fun face 'Tillie' and Madam Marie's sign. Asbury Park was a city in steady decline when Tony Soprano landed there."
  237. Barron, James. "'Honeymooners' Isn't Over For Its Fans", The New York Times, August 26, 1983. Accessed August 27, 2015. "Most of the action took place in the Kramden kitchen, and the story line often centered on Kramden's spectacular get-rich-quick schemes, which always turned out to be spectacular flops—wallpaper that glowed in the dark, uranium-mine speculation in Asbury Park, N.J., a 'handy housewife helper' gadget and no-cal pizza."

Further reading

  • Ammon, Francesca Russello, "Postindustrialization and the City of Consumption: Attempted Revitalization in Asbury Park, New Jersey", Journal of Urban History, 41 (March 2015), 158–174.
Preceded by
Loch Arbour
Beaches of New Jersey Succeeded by
Ocean Grove
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.