Arturo O'Farrill (born June 22, 1960) is a jazz musician, the son of Latin jazz musician, arranger and bandleader Chico O'Farrill, and pianist, composer, and director for the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra. He is best known for his contributions to contemporary Latin jazz (more specifically Afro-Cuban jazz), having received Grammy Awards and nominations, though he has trained in other forms such as free jazz and experimented briefly with hip hop.
Arturo O'Farrill performing in 2018
|Birth name||Arturo O'Farrill Valero|
|Born||June 22, 1960|
Mexico City, Mexico
|Genres||Latin jazz, Afro-Cuban jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, bandleader|
|Labels||Milestone, 32 Jazz, Zoho, Motéma|
|Associated acts||Chico O'Farrill, Carla Bley, Harry Belafonte, Jerry Gonzalez, Andy Gonzalez, Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra|
Arturo O'Farrill was born in Mexico City, Mexico, to Lupe Valero and Chico O'Farrill on June 22, 1960. His mother Lupe was a singer from Mexico, and his father Chico was a jazz trumpeter and composer originally from Havana, Cuba. The family lived in Mexico until 1965, when they moved to New York City. Here, his father Chico found work as music director for the CBS program "Festival of Lively Arts", where he formed relationships with jazz musicians Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, Gerry Mulligan, and Stan Getz. However Chico also worked with many Latin music artists such as Tito Puente, Machito, Celia Cruz, and La Lupe, which, for son Arturo, led to a "psychotic upbringing" in which he was unsure of his own cultural identity. At the age of six O'Farrill began taking piano lessons at the behest of his parents, initially disliking them very strongly before warming up to the instrument and deciding around the age of 12 that he wanted to be a career musician. Eschewing his father's musical style, O'Farrill instead chose to focus on other forms of jazz, listening to artists such as Bud Powell and Chick Corea. He also began to receive a formal musical education around this time, graduating from LaGuardia High School for Music and Art and then studying at the Manhattan School of Music, the Conservatory of Music at Brooklyn College (from which he received the Distinguished Alumnus Medal), and the Aaron Copland School of Music at Queens College.
Later life and career
Career as a sideman
In 1979, O'Farrill was playing in an upstate New York bar when he was noticed by jazz pianist, organist, and composer Carla Bley. Impressed with his talent, Bley recruited the then 19-year-old O'Farrill to play with her band in Carnegie Hall even though she was uncertain whether or not he could read music. He remained with her band for three years afterwards, playing in such events as the Berlin Jazz Festival where the band was billed alongside O'Farrill's childhood idol Chick Corea. O'Farrill credits Bley with teaching him the value of maintaining the integrity of one's music rather than pursuing money and fame, stating, "It's really, really about the art – pushing the envelope, progressing, doing things that sound beautiful and have a life of their own. That's more important than you, the artist; it's about the art." In addition to his regular role as a pianist, O'Farrill sometimes played organ with the band. After leaving the Carla Bley Big Band, O'Farrill found solo work with artists such as Dizzy Gillespie, Howard Johnson, Steve Turre, and Lester Bowie. In 1987 O'Farrill found long-term employment as Harry Belafonte's music director.
In the early 1990s, O'Farrill slowly began to return to his Latin roots. While struggling to record a "Latin jingle", O'Farrill contacted bassist Andy Gonzalez, who, according to O'Farrill, "took me through the history of Latin piano." After this, Andy and brother Jerry began to feature O'Farrill in their band as a substitute for regular pianist Larry Willis.
Afro Latin jazz
Not long after his stint with Andy and Jerry Gonzalez's Fort Apache Band, Arturo O'Farrill joined his father Chico O'Farrill to aid in the latter's late-career musical revival. In his frail state Chico was unable to manage his own affairs, and so he began to delegate the hiring of his musicians to outside contractors. Seeing this, Arturo O'Farrill stepped in on his father's behalf and assembled what became known as the Chico O'Farrill Afro-Cuban Jazz Orchestra. In 1995 he was named pianist and music director of the orchestra. In 1997 the Chico O'Farrill Afro-Cuban Jazz Orchestra began to play at Birdland each Sunday night, and when his father died in 2001 Arturo became bandleader.
In 2001, Wynton Marsalis – artistic director of the Jazz at Lincoln Center program and musical director of the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra – sought the help of Arturo O'Farrill for an upcoming themed concert titled "The Spirit of Tito Puente". Despite O'Farrill's best efforts, though, the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra was simply not equipped to play Latin jazz:
There was a benefit performance pairing Wynton's orchestra with Tito Puente's, [and] Wynton had me lead a rehearsal of the Latin numbers. I wanted them to play a Cuban phrase, but they just could not articulate it authentically. They would 'jazz' it up. They could not 'Afro-Cubanize' it. Wynton had this faraway look in his eye. I think that's when he realized that it takes a specialized group of musicians. It's a different approach – artistically, mentally and emotionally.— Arturo O'Farrill, Wall Street Journal
Following this concert, Marsalis offered O'Farrill the opportunity to form and lead an Afro-Cuban jazz band that would perform regularly at Lincoln Center, which O'Farrill accepted. He named the new band the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra (ALJO), and opted for traditional jazz big band instrumentation with the addition of a three-piece Cuban percussion section. In 2005 Arturo O'Farrill released his first album with the ALJO, Una Noche Inolvidable, for which he received a Grammy nomination in the category "Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album".
In 2007, O'Farrill and the ALJO left Jazz at Lincoln Center "to pursue its own educational and performance opportunities,"' moving their performances to New York's Symphony Space. That same year, he was appointed assistant professor of jazz at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, and he established the non-profit organization the Afro Latin Jazz Alliance, which provides instruments and musical lessons for New York City public school students. In 2008 O'Farrill released his second album with the ALJO, the Grammy-winning Song for Chico, and also took up residency as an assistant professor at State University of New York at Purchase.
In December 2010 Arturo O'Farrill travelled to Cuba with his mother, sons, and the Chico O'Farrill Afro Cuban Orchestra in order to bring his father's music back to the island. There, the band headlined the 26th Havana International Jazz Plaza Festival. In 2011, once he had returned from Cuba, O'Farrill directed the Chico O'Farrill Afro Cuban Jazz Orchestra's final show at Birdland, capping 15 straight years of regular performances. Later that year he released his third Grammy-nominated album with the ALJO titled 40 Acres and a Burro.
In 2015, Arturo O'Farrill and the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra won a Grammy Award for Best Latin Jazz Album for The Offense of the Drum. On August 21, 2015, Arturo O'Farrill and the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra released Cuba: The Conversation Continues, which was recorded in Havana 48 hours after President Obama announced his plan to normalize relations between the U.S. and Cuba. The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album in 2016.
Unlike his father, whose music was undeniably Afro-Cuban in nature, Arturo O'Farrill's casts a wider net, capturing sounds from throughout Latin America. Reflective of big band traditions in Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, and elsewhere, his music is described as stylistically "pan-Latin" by critic Dan Bilawsky. Philip Booth of JazzTimes writes that the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra's 2011 record 40 Acres and a Burro "has the big-band digging deeper into the textures and rhythms of South America and the Caribbean" than ever before.
On August 14, 2015, O'Farrill was among those who were invited to witness the moment the U.S. flag was raised over a reopened U.S. Embassy in Cuba for the first time in 54 years.
Awards and honors
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2006||Una Noche Inolvidable||Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album||Nominated|
|2009||Song for Chico||Best Latin Jazz Album||Won|
|2012||40 Acres and a Burro||Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album||Nominated|
|2015||The Offense of the Drum||Best Latin Jazz Album||Won|
|2018||Three Revolutions||Best Instrumental Composition||Won|
- 1999 Blood Lines (Milestone)
- 2000 A Night in Tunisia (32 Jazz)
- 2004 Cumana (Pony Canyon)
- 2005 Live in Brooklyn (Zoho)
- 2005 Una Noche Inolvidable (Palmetto)
- 2005 The Jim Seeley/Arturo O'Farrill Quintet (Zoho)
- 2008 Song for Chico (Zoho)
- 2009 Risa Negra (Zoho)
- 2011 40 Acres and a Burro (Zoho)
- 2012 The Noguchi Sessions (Zoho)
- 2013 Final Night at Birdland (Zoho)
- 2014 The Offense of the Drum (Motéma)
- 2015 Cuba: The Conversation Continues (Motéma)
- 2017 Familia (Tribute to Bebo + Chico) with Chuco Valdez (Motéma)
- 2018 Fandango at the Wall (Resilience)
- 2001 The Orisha Suite (Connector)
With Carla Bley
- 1982 Live! (ECM)
- 1983 Mortelle Randonnee (Mercury)
- 1984 I Hate to Sing (ECM)
With Chico O'Farrill
- 1995 Pure Emotion (Milestone)
- 1999 Heart of a Legend (Milestone)
- 2000 Carambola (Milestone)
With Bebo Valdés
- 2011 Chico & Rita (Calle 54)
- Larry Rohter. "A Family's Legacy, Afro-Cuban Jazz." New York Times, April 29, 2011. (accessed April 19, 2014).
- Afro-Latin Jazz Alliance. Archived February 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine "The Orchestra". (accessed April 17, 2014).
- Arturo O'Farrill's Website. "About Arturo". (accessed April 19, 2014).
- Concord Music Group. "About Arturo O'Farril". (accessed April 22, 2014).
- Cristóbal Díaz Ayala and Barry Kernfeld. "O'Farrill, Chico". The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd ed., 2003.
- Agustin Gurza. "Chico O'Farrill; Helped Lead Transformation of Latin Jazz". Los Angeles Times, June 30, 2001, (accessed April 15, 2014).
- Feliciano Garcia and Martin Garcia Flores. "Cafecito: A conversation with musician Arturo O'Farrill". NBC Latino. November 14, 2012. (accessed April 20, 2014).
- Alexander Stewart. Making the Scene: Contemporary New York City Big Band Jazz. Berkeley: University of California Press (2007): 244.
- Zoho Music. Archived April 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine "Arturo O'Farrill". Artists. (accessed April 19, 2014).
- The Kennedy Center. Archived April 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine"Arturo O'Farrill". (accessed April 20, 2014).
- Scott Yanow. Afro-Cuban Jazz: Third Ear – The Essential Listening Companion. Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books (2000): 77.
- Alexander Stewart. Making the Scene: Contemporary New York City Big Band Jazz. 243.
- Alexander Stewart. Making the Scene: Contemporary New York City Big Band Jazz. 227.
- Jack Bowers. "Arturo O'Farrill and the Chico O'Farrill Afro Cuban Jazz Orchestra: Final Night at Birdland". All About Jazz. August 15, 2013. (accessed April 21, 2014).
- Jazz/Not Jazz: The Music and Its Boundaries. Eds. David Ake, Charles Hiroshi Garrett, and Daniel Ira Goldmark. Berkeley: University of California Press (2012): 93.
- Larry Blumenthal. "Cultural Conversation: Arturo O'Farrill, the Son Also Rises – and Embraces His Musical Roots". Wall Street Journal, April 29, 2008, D7.
- Jazz/Not Jazz: The Music and Its Boundaries. 96.
- Afro Latin Jazz Alliance. Archived June 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine "Recordings". (accessed April 21, 2014).
- Larry Blumenfeld."Arturo O'Farrill's Tidy Cottage is Fast Becoming a Castle", Blouin Artinfo. December 6, 2013. (accessed April 20, 2014).
- Larry Blumenfeld. "NYC Pianist Arturo O'Farrill Finds Himself in Cuba, and Brings His Father Home". Village Voice. February 23, 2011. (accessed April 19, 2014.
- "Arturo O`Farrill and the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra｜Cuba: The Conversation Continues". Motéma Music. August 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- Press, CHARLES J. GANS Associated. "O'Farrill's Grammy-nominated CD expands US-Cuba dialogue". sandiegouniontribune.com. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
- Jazz/Not Jazz: The Music and Its Boundaries. 97.
- Dan Bilawsky. " Arturo O'Farrill & The Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra: 40 Acres And A Burro". All About Jazz. February 4, 2011. (accessed April 20, 2014).
- Philip Booth. "Arturo O'Farrill & the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra: 40 Acres and a Burro". JazzTimes. July 29, 2011. (accessed April 21, 2014).
- Dan Bilawsky. "The O'Farrill Brothers Band: Sensing Flight".All About Jazz. January 12, 2013. (accessed April 21, 2014).
- "A Witness To History: Guest DJ Arturo O'Farrill". NPR.org(Alt.Latino). August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "'Cuba: The Conversation Continues' and 'Live in Cuba' Expand a Musical Dialogue". The New York Times. August 22, 2015. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "First Listen: Arturo O'Farrill & The Afro Latin Orchestra, 'The Offense Of The Drum'". (NPR Music). April 27, 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Arturo O`Farrill and the Afro Latin Jazz Orchestra｜The Offense of the Drum". Motéma Music. May 2014. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
- "Arturo O'Farrill Presents 'Cuba: The Conversation Continues' : NPR". (NPR Music). October 22, 2015. Retrieved January 11, 2016.