Traditionally, journalists and critics writing about the arts have backgrounds in writing and the arts; apart from baccalaureate studies in literary criticism, the humanities, and art history, there is no other formal advanced journalistic training in this field.
For instance, an art magazine is a publication with the main topic being art, and is contributed to by people from the practice of artmaking, curating, critical theory, or teaching, among other functions--whether they be institution-based, academy-based, or independent/self-taught. Such a magazine can be published in print, online, or both, and may be aimed at different audiences, including galleries, buyers, amateur or professional artists, and the general public. In short, art magazines can be either trade or consumer magazines, or both.
Arts journalism has been one method of discussing and engaging the public with the arts for over a century. Journals such as L'artiste, created in 1831, provided perceptions on exhibits and patterns of contemporary art in the nineteenth century, as well as art criticism. All over the world, journalists have reported on dancing, architecture, fine arts, and crafting to bring culture and art to readers.
Now, arts journalism has an extended reach due to the impact of developing technology, such as social media. Some studies on arts journalism explore how technology has impacted the way the general public views art, an example being that performances are now videoed live and images can be instantly uploaded.
Articles have been published on the change in focus from various arts to others due to arts journalism. In a study regarding arts journalism in American, French, German, and Dutch newspapers from 1955 to 2005, researchers found increased content in terms of pop culture and cultural advertising, especially in American newspapers.
Arts journalism is sometimes referred to as cultural journalism because art journalists often cover cultural events with artistic aspects and aesthetic influence. Their reports provide insight to the background of these events and often include reviews and reflections on exhibits.
- Roth, Nancy Ann (2014-08-02). ""L'Artiste" and "L'Art pour L'Art": The New Cultural Journalism in the July Monarchy". Art Journal. 48: 35–39. doi:10.1080/00043249.1989.10792585.
- Pawito; Muktiyo, Widodo; Hastjarjo, Sri; Syamsiyah, Sri (November 2018). "Art on Paper, How Journalist Covers Art Creativity (Technology Impact on Journalism Culture in Culture Journalism)". Reka 2018. Atlantis Press. doi:10.2991/reka-18.2018.38. ISBN 9789462526129.
- Verboord, Marc; Janssen, Susanne (2015-11-02). "Arts Journalism And Its Packaging In France, Germany, The Netherlands And The United States, 1955–2005". Journalism Practice. 9 (6): 829–852. doi:10.1080/17512786.2015.1051369. ISSN 1751-2786.